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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 10/15] vfio/type1: Support binding guest page tables to PASID
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Yi,

On 7/12/20 1:21 PM, Liu Yi L wrote:
> Nesting translation allows two-levels/stages page tables, with 1st level
> for guest translations (e.g. GVA->GPA), 2nd level for host translations
> (e.g. GPA->HPA). This patch adds interface for binding guest page tables
> to a PASID. This PASID must have been allocated to user space before the
by the userspace?
> binding request.
>
> Cc: Kevin Tian <kevin.tian@intel.com>
> CC: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson@redhat.com>
> Cc: Eric Auger <eric.auger@redhat.com>
> Cc: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
> Cc: Joerg Roedel <joro@8bytes.org>
> Cc: Lu Baolu <baolu.lu@linux.intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.com>
> Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
> ---
> v3 -> v4:
> *) address comments from Alex on v3
>
> v2 -> v3:
> *) use __iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid() for unbind call issued by VFIO
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-iommu/1592931837-58223-6-git-send-email-jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com/
>
> v1 -> v2:
> *) rename subject from "vfio/type1: Bind guest page tables to host"
> *) remove VFIO_IOMMU_BIND, introduce VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP to support bind/
> unbind guet page table
> *) replaced vfio_iommu_for_each_dev() with a group level loop since this
> series enforces one group per container w/ nesting type as start.
> *) rename vfio_bind/unbind_gpasid_fn() to vfio_dev_bind/unbind_gpasid_fn()
> *) vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid() always successful
> *) use vfio_mm->pasid_lock to avoid race between PASID free and page table
> bind/unbind
> ---
> drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c | 166 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c | 26 +++++++
> include/linux/vfio.h | 20 +++++
> include/uapi/linux/vfio.h | 31 ++++++++
> 4 files changed, 243 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> index 55b4065..f0f21ff 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_type1.c
> @@ -149,6 +149,30 @@ struct vfio_regions {
> #define DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX ((u64)INT_MAX)
> #define DIRTY_BITMAP_SIZE_MAX DIRTY_BITMAP_BYTES(DIRTY_BITMAP_PAGES_MAX)
>
> +struct domain_capsule {
> + struct vfio_group *group;
> + struct iommu_domain *domain;
> + void *data;
> +};
> +
> +/* iommu->lock must be held */
> +static struct vfio_group *vfio_find_nesting_group(struct vfio_iommu *iommu)
> +{
> + struct vfio_domain *d;
> + struct vfio_group *group = NULL;
> +
> + if (!iommu->nesting_info)
> + return NULL;
> +
> + /* only support singleton container with nesting type */
> + list_for_each_entry(d, &iommu->domain_list, next) {
> + list_for_each_entry(group, &d->group_list, next) {
> + break;
use list_first_entry?
> + }
> + }
> + return group;
> +}
> +
> static int put_pfn(unsigned long pfn, int prot);
>
> static struct vfio_group *vfio_iommu_find_iommu_group(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> @@ -2349,6 +2373,48 @@ static int vfio_iommu_resv_refresh(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> return ret;
> }
>
> +static int vfio_dev_bind_gpasid_fn(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> + struct domain_capsule *dc = (struct domain_capsule *)data;
> + unsigned long arg = *(unsigned long *)dc->data;
> +
> + return iommu_sva_bind_gpasid(dc->domain, dev, (void __user *)arg);
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> + struct domain_capsule *dc = (struct domain_capsule *)data;
> + unsigned long arg = *(unsigned long *)dc->data;
> +
> + iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(dc->domain, dev, (void __user *)arg);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int __vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> + struct domain_capsule *dc = (struct domain_capsule *)data;
> + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data *unbind_data =
> + (struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data *)dc->data;
> +
> + __iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(dc->domain, dev, unbind_data);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void vfio_group_unbind_gpasid_fn(ioasid_t pasid, void *data)
> +{
> + struct domain_capsule *dc = (struct domain_capsule *)data;
> + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data unbind_data;
> +
> + unbind_data.argsz = offsetof(struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data, vendor);
> + unbind_data.flags = 0;
> + unbind_data.hpasid = pasid;
> +
> + dc->data = &unbind_data;
> +
> + iommu_group_for_each_dev(dc->group->iommu_group,
> + dc, __vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn);
> +}
> +
> static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
> struct iommu_group *iommu_group)
> {
> @@ -2392,6 +2458,21 @@ static void vfio_iommu_type1_detach_group(void *iommu_data,
> if (!group)
> continue;
>
> + if (iommu->nesting_info && iommu->vmm &&
> + (iommu->nesting_info->features &
> + IOMMU_NESTING_FEAT_BIND_PGTBL)) {
> + struct domain_capsule dc = { .group = group,
> + .domain = domain->domain,
> + .data = NULL };
> +
> + /*
> + * Unbind page tables bound with system wide PASIDs
> + * which are allocated to user space.
> + */
> + vfio_mm_for_each_pasid(iommu->vmm, &dc,
> + vfio_group_unbind_gpasid_fn);
> + }
> +
> vfio_iommu_detach_group(domain, group);
> update_dirty_scope = !group->pinned_page_dirty_scope;
> list_del(&group->next);
> @@ -2938,6 +3019,89 @@ static int vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> }
> }
>
> +static long vfio_iommu_handle_pgtbl_op(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> + bool is_bind, unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct iommu_nesting_info *info;
> + struct domain_capsule dc = { .data = &arg };
> + struct vfio_group *group;
> + struct vfio_domain *domain;
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&iommu->lock);
> +
> + info = iommu->nesting_info;
> + if (!info || !(info->features & IOMMU_NESTING_FEAT_BIND_PGTBL)) {
> + ret = -EOPNOTSUPP;
> + goto out_unlock_iommu;
> + }
> +
> + if (!iommu->vmm) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out_unlock_iommu;
> + }
> +
> + group = vfio_find_nesting_group(iommu);
is it realy useful to introduce vfio_find_nesting_group?
in this function you already test info, you fetch the first domain
below. So you would only need to fetch the 1st group?
> + if (!group) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
can it happen?
> + goto out_unlock_iommu;
> + }
> +
> + domain = list_first_entry(&iommu->domain_list,
> + struct vfio_domain, next);
> + dc.group = group;
> + dc.domain = domain->domain;
> +
> + /* Avoid race with other containers within the same process */
> + vfio_mm_pasid_lock(iommu->vmm);
> +
> + if (is_bind) {
> + ret = iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group, &dc,
> + vfio_dev_bind_gpasid_fn);
> + if (ret)
> + iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group, &dc,
> + vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn);
> + } else {
> + iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group,
> + &dc, vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn);
> + ret = 0;

int ret = 0;

if (is_bind) {
ret = iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group, &dc,
vfio_dev_bind_gpasid_fn);
}
if (ret || !is_bind) {
iommu_group_for_each_dev(group->iommu_group,
&dc, vfio_dev_unbind_gpasid_fn);
}
> + }
> +
> + vfio_mm_pasid_unlock(iommu->vmm);
> +out_unlock_iommu:
> + mutex_unlock(&iommu->lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static long vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op(struct vfio_iommu *iommu,
> + unsigned long arg)
> +{
> + struct vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op hdr;
> + unsigned int minsz;
> + int ret;
> +
> + minsz = offsetofend(struct vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op, flags);
> +
> + if (copy_from_user(&hdr, (void __user *)arg, minsz))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + if (hdr.argsz < minsz || hdr.flags & ~VFIO_NESTING_OP_MASK)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + switch (hdr.flags & VFIO_NESTING_OP_MASK) {
> + case VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP_BIND_PGTBL:
> + ret = vfio_iommu_handle_pgtbl_op(iommu, true, arg + minsz);
> + break;
> + case VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP_UNBIND_PGTBL:
> + ret = vfio_iommu_handle_pgtbl_op(iommu, false, arg + minsz);
> + break;
> + default:
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
> unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> {
> @@ -2956,6 +3120,8 @@ static long vfio_iommu_type1_ioctl(void *iommu_data,
> return vfio_iommu_type1_dirty_pages(iommu, arg);
> case VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST:
> return vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request(iommu, arg);
> + case VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP:
> + return vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op(iommu, arg);
> default:
> return -ENOTTY;
> }
> diff --git a/drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c b/drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c
> index ebec244..ecabaaa 100644
> --- a/drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c
> +++ b/drivers/vfio/vfio_pasid.c
> @@ -216,6 +216,8 @@ void vfio_pasid_free_range(struct vfio_mm *vmm,
> * IOASID core will notify PASID users (e.g. IOMMU driver) to
> * teardown necessary structures depending on the to-be-freed
> * PASID.
> + * Hold pasid_lock also avoids race with PASID usages like bind/
> + * unbind page tables to requested PASID.
> */
> mutex_lock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> while ((vid = vfio_find_pasid(vmm, min, max)) != NULL)
> @@ -224,6 +226,30 @@ void vfio_pasid_free_range(struct vfio_mm *vmm,
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_pasid_free_range);
>
> +int vfio_mm_for_each_pasid(struct vfio_mm *vmm, void *data,
> + void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data))
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> + ret = ioasid_set_for_each_ioasid(vmm->ioasid_sid, fn, data);
> + mutex_unlock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> + return ret;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_for_each_pasid);
> +
> +void vfio_mm_pasid_lock(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> +{
> + mutex_lock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_pasid_lock);
> +
> +void vfio_mm_pasid_unlock(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> +{
> + mutex_unlock(&vmm->pasid_lock);
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vfio_mm_pasid_unlock);
> +
> static int __init vfio_pasid_init(void)
> {
> mutex_init(&vfio_mm_lock);
> diff --git a/include/linux/vfio.h b/include/linux/vfio.h
> index a111108..2bc8347 100644
> --- a/include/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -105,6 +105,11 @@ int vfio_mm_ioasid_sid(struct vfio_mm *vmm);
> extern int vfio_pasid_alloc(struct vfio_mm *vmm, int min, int max);
> extern void vfio_pasid_free_range(struct vfio_mm *vmm,
> ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max);
> +extern int vfio_mm_for_each_pasid(struct vfio_mm *vmm, void *data,
> + void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data));
> +extern void vfio_mm_pasid_lock(struct vfio_mm *vmm);
> +extern void vfio_mm_pasid_unlock(struct vfio_mm *vmm);
> +
> #else
> static inline struct vfio_mm *vfio_mm_get_from_task(struct task_struct *task)
> {
> @@ -129,6 +134,21 @@ static inline void vfio_pasid_free_range(struct vfio_mm *vmm,
> ioasid_t min, ioasid_t max)
> {
> }
> +
> +static inline int vfio_mm_for_each_pasid(struct vfio_mm *vmm, void *data,
> + void (*fn)(ioasid_t id, void *data))
> +{
> + return -ENOTTY;
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vfio_mm_pasid_lock(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> +{
> +}
> +
> +static inline void vfio_mm_pasid_unlock(struct vfio_mm *vmm)
> +{
> +}
> +
> #endif /* CONFIG_VFIO_PASID */
>
> /*
> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> index 96a115f..a8ad786 100644
> --- a/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/vfio.h
> @@ -1209,6 +1209,37 @@ struct vfio_iommu_type1_pasid_request {
>
> #define VFIO_IOMMU_PASID_REQUEST _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 18)
>
> +/**
> + * VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP - _IOW(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 19,
> + * struct vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op)
> + *
> + * This interface allows user space to utilize the nesting IOMMU
> + * capabilities as reported in VFIO_IOMMU_TYPE1_INFO_CAP_NESTING
> + * cap through VFIO_IOMMU_GET_INFO.
> + *
> + * @data[] types defined for each op:
> + * +=================+===============================================+
> + * | NESTING OP | @data[] |
> + * +=================+===============================================+
> + * | BIND_PGTBL | struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data |
> + * +-----------------+-----------------------------------------------+
> + * | UNBIND_PGTBL | struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data |
> + * +-----------------+-----------------------------------------------+
> + *
> + * returns: 0 on success, -errno on failure.
> + */
> +struct vfio_iommu_type1_nesting_op {
> + __u32 argsz;
> + __u32 flags;
> +#define VFIO_NESTING_OP_MASK (0xffff) /* lower 16-bits for op */
> + __u8 data[];
> +};
> +
> +#define VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP_BIND_PGTBL (0)
> +#define VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP_UNBIND_PGTBL (1)
> +
> +#define VFIO_IOMMU_NESTING_OP _IO(VFIO_TYPE, VFIO_BASE + 19)
> +
> /* -------- Additional API for SPAPR TCE (Server POWERPC) IOMMU -------- */
>
> /*
>
Thanks

Eric

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