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    SubjectRe: [PATCH v7 1/4] bitops: Introduce the the for_each_set_clump macro
    On Sat, May 30, 2020 at 12:08 AM Andy Shevchenko
    <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com> wrote:
    >
    > On Fri, May 29, 2020 at 11:38:18PM +0530, Syed Nayyar Waris wrote:
    > > On Sun, May 24, 2020 at 8:15 PM kbuild test robot <lkp@intel.com> wrote:
    >
    > ...
    >
    > > > 579 static inline unsigned long bitmap_get_value(const unsigned long *map,
    > > > 580 unsigned long start,
    > > > 581 unsigned long nbits)
    > > > 582 {
    > > > 583 const size_t index = BIT_WORD(start);
    > > > 584 const unsigned long offset = start % BITS_PER_LONG;
    > > > 585 const unsigned long ceiling = roundup(start + 1, BITS_PER_LONG);
    > > > 586 const unsigned long space = ceiling - start;
    > > > 587 unsigned long value_low, value_high;
    > > > 588
    > > > 589 if (space >= nbits)
    > > > > 590 return (map[index] >> offset) & GENMASK(nbits - 1, 0);
    > > > 591 else {
    > > > 592 value_low = map[index] & BITMAP_FIRST_WORD_MASK(start);
    > > > 593 value_high = map[index + 1] & BITMAP_LAST_WORD_MASK(start + nbits);
    > > > 594 return (value_low >> offset) | (value_high << space);
    > > > 595 }
    > > > 596 }
    >
    > > Regarding the above compilation warnings. All the warnings are because
    > > of GENMASK usage in my patch.
    > > The warnings are coming because of sanity checks present for 'GENMASK'
    > > macro in include/linux/bits.h.
    > >
    > > Taking the example statement (in my patch) where compilation warning
    > > is getting reported:
    > > return (map[index] >> offset) & GENMASK(nbits - 1, 0);
    > >
    > > 'nbits' is of type 'unsigned long'.
    > > In above, the sanity check is comparing '0' with unsigned value. And
    > > unsigned value can't be less than '0' ever, hence the warning.
    > > But this warning will occur whenever there will be '0' as one of the
    > > 'argument' and an unsigned variable as another 'argument' for GENMASK.
    > >
    > > This warning is getting cleared if I cast the 'nbits' to 'long'.
    > >
    > > Let me know if I should submit a next patch with the casts applied.
    > > What do you guys think?
    >
    > Proper fix is to fix GENMASK(), but allowed workaround is to use
    > (BIT(nbits) - 1)
    > instead.
    >
    > --
    > With Best Regards,
    > Andy Shevchenko
    >

    Hi Andy. Thank You for your comment.

    When I used BIT macro (earlier), I had faced a problem. I want to tell
    you about that.

    Inside functions 'bitmap_set_value' and 'bitmap_get_value' when nbits (or
    clump size) is BITS_PER_LONG, unexpected calculation happens.

    Explanation:
    Actually when nbits (clump size) is 64 (BITS_PER_LONG is 64 on my computer),
    (BIT(nbits) - 1)
    gives a value of zero and when this zero is ANDed with any value, it
    makes it full zero. This is unexpected and incorrect calculation happening.

    What actually happens is in the macro expansion of BIT(64), that is 1
    << 64, the '1' overflows from leftmost bit position (most significant
    bit) and re-enters at the rightmost bit position (least significant
    bit), therefore 1 << 64 becomes '0x1', and when another '1' is
    subtracted from this, the final result becomes 0.

    Since this macro is being used in both bitmap_get_value and
    bitmap_set_value functions, it will give unexpected results when nbits or clump
    size is BITS_PER_LONG (32 or 64 depending on arch).

    William also knows about this issue:

    "This is undefined behavior in the C standard (section 6.5.7 in the N1124)"

    Andy, William,
    Let me know what do you think ?

    Regards
    Syed Nayyar Waris

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