[lkml]   [2020]   [May]   [20]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
Subject[PATCH 05/14] mm: workingset: let cache workingset challenge anon
We activate cache refaults with reuse distances in pages smaller than
the size of the total cache. This allows new pages with competitive
access frequencies to establish themselves, as well as challenge and
potentially displace pages on the active list that have gone cold.

However, that assumes that active cache can only replace other active
cache in a competition for the hottest memory. This is not a great
default assumption. The page cache might be thrashing while there are
enough completely cold and unused anonymous pages sitting around that
we'd only have to write to swap once to stop all IO from the cache.

Activate cache refaults when their reuse distance in pages is smaller
than the total userspace workingset, including anonymous pages.

Reclaim can still decide how to balance pressure among the two LRUs
depending on the IO situation. Rotational drives will prefer avoiding
random IO from swap and go harder after cache. But fundamentally, hot
cache should be able to compete with anon pages for a place in RAM.

Signed-off-by: Johannes Weiner <>
mm/workingset.c | 17 ++++++++++++-----
1 file changed, 12 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/workingset.c b/mm/workingset.c
index 474186b76ced..e69865739539 100644
--- a/mm/workingset.c
+++ b/mm/workingset.c
@@ -277,8 +277,8 @@ void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow)
struct mem_cgroup *eviction_memcg;
struct lruvec *eviction_lruvec;
unsigned long refault_distance;
+ unsigned long workingset_size;
struct pglist_data *pgdat;
- unsigned long active_file;
struct mem_cgroup *memcg;
unsigned long eviction;
struct lruvec *lruvec;
@@ -310,7 +310,6 @@ void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow)
goto out;
eviction_lruvec = mem_cgroup_lruvec(eviction_memcg, pgdat);
refault = atomic_long_read(&eviction_lruvec->inactive_age);
- active_file = lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec, NR_ACTIVE_FILE);

* Calculate the refault distance
@@ -345,10 +344,18 @@ void workingset_refault(struct page *page, void *shadow)

* Compare the distance to the existing workingset size. We
- * don't act on pages that couldn't stay resident even if all
- * the memory was available to the page cache.
+ * don't activate pages that couldn't stay resident even if
+ * all the memory was available to the page cache. Whether
+ * cache can compete with anon or not depends on having swap.
- if (refault_distance > active_file)
+ workingset_size = lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec, NR_ACTIVE_FILE);
+ if (mem_cgroup_get_nr_swap_pages(memcg) > 0) {
+ workingset_size += lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec,
+ workingset_size += lruvec_page_state(eviction_lruvec,
+ }
+ if (refault_distance > workingset_size)
goto out;

 \ /
  Last update: 2020-05-21 01:26    [W:0.110 / U:2.240 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site