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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Staging: iio: ad7192: replaced bool in struct
On Sat, 22 Dec 2018 21:58:25 -0500
indigo omega <indigoomega021@gmail.com> wrote:

> Hello Jonathan,
>
> I'd be happy to help cleanup this driver, and I'd greatly appreciate some
> direction as to what needs to be done.
>
> Thank you,
>
> Amir Ghorbanian

Sure, I'll give the current state a quick review...

Major items are that it needs devicetree bindings instead of platform
data and there are a few unusual sysfs interfaces that may need documenting.

Comments inline.

> /*
> * AD7190 AD7192 AD7193 AD7195 SPI ADC driver
> *
> * Copyright 2011-2015 Analog Devices Inc.
> *
> * Licensed under the GPL-2.
> */
>
> #include <linux/interrupt.h>
> #include <linux/device.h>
> #include <linux/kernel.h>
> #include <linux/slab.h>
> #include <linux/sysfs.h>
> #include <linux/spi/spi.h>
> #include <linux/regulator/consumer.h>
> #include <linux/err.h>
> #include <linux/sched.h>
> #include <linux/delay.h>
>
> #include <linux/iio/iio.h>
> #include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
> #include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
> #include <linux/iio/trigger.h>
> #include <linux/iio/trigger_consumer.h>
> #include <linux/iio/triggered_buffer.h>
> #include <linux/iio/adc/ad_sigma_delta.h>
>
> #include "ad7192.h"
>
> /* Registers */
> #define AD7192_REG_COMM 0 /* Communications Register (WO, 8-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_STAT 0 /* Status Register (RO, 8-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_MODE 1 /* Mode Register (RW, 24-bit */
> #define AD7192_REG_CONF 2 /* Configuration Register (RW, 24-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_DATA 3 /* Data Register (RO, 24/32-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_ID 4 /* ID Register (RO, 8-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_GPOCON 5 /* GPOCON Register (RO, 8-bit) */
> #define AD7192_REG_OFFSET 6 /* Offset Register (RW, 16-bit */
> /* (AD7792)/24-bit (AD7192)) */
> #define AD7192_REG_FULLSALE 7 /* Full-Scale Register */
> /* (RW, 16-bit (AD7792)/24-bit (AD7192)) */
>
> /* Communications Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_COMM) */
> #define AD7192_COMM_WEN BIT(7) /* Write Enable */
> #define AD7192_COMM_WRITE 0 /* Write Operation */
> #define AD7192_COMM_READ BIT(6) /* Read Operation */
> #define AD7192_COMM_ADDR(x) (((x) & 0x7) << 3) /* Register Address */
> #define AD7192_COMM_CREAD BIT(2) /* Continuous Read of Data Register */
>
> /* Status Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_STAT) */
> #define AD7192_STAT_RDY BIT(7) /* Ready */
> #define AD7192_STAT_ERR BIT(6) /* Error (Overrange, Underrange) */
> #define AD7192_STAT_NOREF BIT(5) /* Error no external reference */
> #define AD7192_STAT_PARITY BIT(4) /* Parity */
> #define AD7192_STAT_CH3 BIT(2) /* Channel 3 */
> #define AD7192_STAT_CH2 BIT(1) /* Channel 2 */
> #define AD7192_STAT_CH1 BIT(0) /* Channel 1 */
>
> /* Mode Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_MODE) */
> #define AD7192_MODE_SEL(x) (((x) & 0x7) << 21) /* Operation Mode Select */
> #define AD7192_MODE_SEL_MASK (0x7 << 21) /* Operation Mode Select Mask */
> #define AD7192_MODE_DAT_STA BIT(20) /* Status Register transmission */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CLKSRC(x) (((x) & 0x3) << 18) /* Clock Source Select */
> #define AD7192_MODE_SINC3 BIT(15) /* SINC3 Filter Select */
> #define AD7192_MODE_ACX BIT(14) /* AC excitation enable(AD7195 only)*/
> #define AD7192_MODE_ENPAR BIT(13) /* Parity Enable */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CLKDIV BIT(12) /* Clock divide by 2 (AD7190/2 only)*/
> #define AD7192_MODE_SCYCLE BIT(11) /* Single cycle conversion */
> #define AD7192_MODE_REJ60 BIT(10) /* 50/60Hz notch filter */
> #define AD7192_MODE_RATE(x) ((x) & 0x3FF) /* Filter Update Rate Select */
>
> /* Mode Register: AD7192_MODE_SEL options */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CONT 0 /* Continuous Conversion Mode */
> #define AD7192_MODE_SINGLE 1 /* Single Conversion Mode */
> #define AD7192_MODE_IDLE 2 /* Idle Mode */
> #define AD7192_MODE_PWRDN 3 /* Power-Down Mode */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_ZERO 4 /* Internal Zero-Scale Calibration */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_FULL 5 /* Internal Full-Scale Calibration */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CAL_SYS_ZERO 6 /* System Zero-Scale Calibration */
> #define AD7192_MODE_CAL_SYS_FULL 7 /* System Full-Scale Calibration */
>
> /* Mode Register: AD7192_MODE_CLKSRC options */
> #define AD7192_CLK_EXT_MCLK1_2 0 /* External 4.92 MHz Clock connected*/
> /* from MCLK1 to MCLK2 */
> #define AD7192_CLK_EXT_MCLK2 1 /* External Clock applied to MCLK2 */
> #define AD7192_CLK_INT 2 /* Internal 4.92 MHz Clock not */
> /* available at the MCLK2 pin */
> #define AD7192_CLK_INT_CO 3 /* Internal 4.92 MHz Clock available*/
> /* at the MCLK2 pin */
>
> /* Configuration Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_CONF) */
>
> #define AD7192_CONF_CHOP BIT(23) /* CHOP enable */
> #define AD7192_CONF_REFSEL BIT(20) /* REFIN1/REFIN2 Reference Select */
> #define AD7192_CONF_CHAN(x) ((x) << 8) /* Channel select */
> #define AD7192_CONF_CHAN_MASK (0x7FF << 8) /* Channel select mask */
> #define AD7192_CONF_BURN BIT(7) /* Burnout current enable */
> #define AD7192_CONF_REFDET BIT(6) /* Reference detect enable */
> #define AD7192_CONF_BUF BIT(4) /* Buffered Mode Enable */
> #define AD7192_CONF_UNIPOLAR BIT(3) /* Unipolar/Bipolar Enable */
> #define AD7192_CONF_GAIN(x) ((x) & 0x7) /* Gain Select */
>
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN1P_AIN2M BIT(0) /* AIN1(+) - AIN2(-) */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN3P_AIN4M BIT(1) /* AIN3(+) - AIN4(-) */
> #define AD7192_CH_TEMP BIT(2) /* Temp Sensor */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN2P_AIN2M BIT(3) /* AIN2(+) - AIN2(-) */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN1 BIT(4) /* AIN1 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN2 BIT(5) /* AIN2 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN3 BIT(6) /* AIN3 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7192_CH_AIN4 BIT(7) /* AIN4 - AINCOM */
>
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN1P_AIN2M 0x000 /* AIN1(+) - AIN2(-) */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN3P_AIN4M 0x001 /* AIN3(+) - AIN4(-) */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN5P_AIN6M 0x002 /* AIN5(+) - AIN6(-) */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN7P_AIN8M 0x004 /* AIN7(+) - AIN8(-) */
> #define AD7193_CH_TEMP 0x100 /* Temp senseor */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN2P_AIN2M 0x200 /* AIN2(+) - AIN2(-) */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN1 0x401 /* AIN1 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN2 0x402 /* AIN2 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN3 0x404 /* AIN3 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN4 0x408 /* AIN4 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN5 0x410 /* AIN5 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN6 0x420 /* AIN6 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN7 0x440 /* AIN7 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AIN8 0x480 /* AIN7 - AINCOM */
> #define AD7193_CH_AINCOM 0x600 /* AINCOM - AINCOM */
>
> /* ID Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_ID) */
> #define ID_AD7190 0x4
> #define ID_AD7192 0x0
> #define ID_AD7193 0x2
> #define ID_AD7195 0x6
> #define AD7192_ID_MASK 0x0F
>
> /* GPOCON Register Bit Designations (AD7192_REG_GPOCON) */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_BPDSW BIT(6) /* Bridge power-down switch enable */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_GP32EN BIT(5) /* Digital Output P3 and P2 enable */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_GP10EN BIT(4) /* Digital Output P1 and P0 enable */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_P3DAT BIT(3) /* P3 state */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_P2DAT BIT(2) /* P2 state */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_P1DAT BIT(1) /* P1 state */
> #define AD7192_GPOCON_P0DAT BIT(0) /* P0 state */
>
> #define AD7192_EXT_FREQ_MHZ_MIN 2457600
> #define AD7192_EXT_FREQ_MHZ_MAX 5120000
> #define AD7192_INT_FREQ_MHZ 4915200
>
> /* NOTE:
> * The AD7190/2/5 features a dual use data out ready DOUT/RDY output.
> * In order to avoid contentions on the SPI bus, it's therefore necessary
> * to use spi bus locking.
> *
> * The DOUT/RDY output must also be wired to an interrupt capable GPIO.
> */
>
> struct ad7192_state {
> struct regulator *avdd;
> struct regulator *dvdd;
> u16 int_vref_mv;
> u32 mclk;
> u32 f_order;
> u32 mode;
> u32 conf;
> u32 scale_avail[8][2];
> u8 gpocon;
> u8 devid;
> struct mutex lock; /* protect sensor state */
>
> struct ad_sigma_delta sd;
> };
>
> static struct ad7192_state *ad_sigma_delta_to_ad7192(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd)
> {
> return container_of(sd, struct ad7192_state, sd);
> }
>
> static int ad7192_set_channel(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd, unsigned int channel)
> {
> struct ad7192_state *st = ad_sigma_delta_to_ad7192(sd);
>
> st->conf &= ~AD7192_CONF_CHAN_MASK;
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_CHAN(channel);
>
> return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_CONF, 3, st->conf);
> }
>
> static int ad7192_set_mode(struct ad_sigma_delta *sd,
> enum ad_sigma_delta_mode mode)
> {
> struct ad7192_state *st = ad_sigma_delta_to_ad7192(sd);
>
> st->mode &= ~AD7192_MODE_SEL_MASK;
> st->mode |= AD7192_MODE_SEL(mode);
>
> return ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_MODE, 3, st->mode);
> }
>
> static const struct ad_sigma_delta_info ad7192_sigma_delta_info = {
> .set_channel = ad7192_set_channel,
> .set_mode = ad7192_set_mode,
> .has_registers = true,
> .addr_shift = 3,
> .read_mask = BIT(6),
> };
>
> static const struct ad_sd_calib_data ad7192_calib_arr[8] = {
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_ZERO, AD7192_CH_AIN1},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_FULL, AD7192_CH_AIN1},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_ZERO, AD7192_CH_AIN2},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_FULL, AD7192_CH_AIN2},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_ZERO, AD7192_CH_AIN3},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_FULL, AD7192_CH_AIN3},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_ZERO, AD7192_CH_AIN4},
> {AD7192_MODE_CAL_INT_FULL, AD7192_CH_AIN4}
> };
>
> static int ad7192_calibrate_all(struct ad7192_state *st)
> {
> return ad_sd_calibrate_all(&st->sd, ad7192_calib_arr,
> ARRAY_SIZE(ad7192_calib_arr));

Odd indenting...

> }
>
> static inline bool ad7192_valid_external_frequency(u32 freq)
> {
> return (freq >= AD7192_EXT_FREQ_MHZ_MIN &&
> freq <= AD7192_EXT_FREQ_MHZ_MAX);
> }
>
> static int ad7192_setup(struct ad7192_state *st,
> const struct ad7192_platform_data *pdata)
> {

This needs to all be devicetree properties rather than platform data.

> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = spi_get_drvdata(st->sd.spi);
> unsigned long long scale_uv;
> int i, ret, id;
>
> /* reset the serial interface */
> ret = ad_sd_reset(&st->sd, 48);
> if (ret < 0)
> goto out;
> usleep_range(500, 1000); /* Wait for at least 500us */
>
> /* write/read test for device presence */
> ret = ad_sd_read_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_ID, 1, &id);
> if (ret)
> goto out;
>
> id &= AD7192_ID_MASK;
>
> if (id != st->devid)
> dev_warn(&st->sd.spi->dev, "device ID query failed (0x%X)\n",
> id);
>
> switch (pdata->clock_source_sel) {

So, this needs to use the DT clock binding.

1) Clock is optional. If it's not provided, assumption is use internal.
2) Manufacturer specific bidning to say without the clock is output or not.
3) Clock provided, then external.
4) The Mclock1_2 vs mclock2 only sounds like whether it is a clock or a crystal.
Manufacturer specific binding should cover that.. It think we already have
some similar ones...

> case AD7192_CLK_INT:
> case AD7192_CLK_INT_CO:
> st->mclk = AD7192_INT_FREQ_MHZ;
> break;
> case AD7192_CLK_EXT_MCLK1_2:
> case AD7192_CLK_EXT_MCLK2:
> if (ad7192_valid_external_frequency(pdata->ext_clk_hz)) {
> st->mclk = pdata->ext_clk_hz;
> break;
> }
> dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "Invalid frequency setting %u\n",
> pdata->ext_clk_hz);
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto out;
This code would be more readable if the condition was inverted.
if (!ad7192_valid_external_frequency(...))
return -EINVAL;
st->mclk

Mind you we should replace this platform data stuff with devicetree anyway.


> default:
> ret = -EINVAL;
> goto out;
> }
>
> st->mode = AD7192_MODE_SEL(AD7192_MODE_IDLE) |
> AD7192_MODE_CLKSRC(pdata->clock_source_sel) |
> AD7192_MODE_RATE(480);
>
> st->conf = AD7192_CONF_GAIN(0);
>
> if (pdata->rej60_en)
> st->mode |= AD7192_MODE_REJ60;

These probably all need to be manufacturer specific devicetree
bindings.

>
> if (pdata->sinc3_en)
> st->mode |= AD7192_MODE_SINC3;
>
> if (pdata->refin2_en && st->devid != ID_AD7195)
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_REFSEL;
>
> if (pdata->chop_en) {
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_CHOP;
> if (pdata->sinc3_en)
> st->f_order = 3; /* SINC 3rd order */
> else
> st->f_order = 4; /* SINC 4th order */
> } else {
> st->f_order = 1;
> }
>
> if (pdata->buf_en)
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_BUF;
>
> if (pdata->unipolar_en)
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_UNIPOLAR;
>
> if (pdata->burnout_curr_en && pdata->buf_en && !pdata->chop_en) {
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_BURN;
> } else if (pdata->burnout_curr_en) {
> dev_warn(&st->sd.spi->dev,
> "Can't enable burnout currents: see CHOP or buffer\n");
> }
>
> ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_MODE, 3, st->mode);
> if (ret)
> goto out;
>
> ret = ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_CONF, 3, st->conf);
> if (ret)
> goto out;
>
> ret = ad7192_calibrate_all(st);
> if (ret)
> goto out;
>
> /* Populate available ADC input ranges */
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(st->scale_avail); i++) {
> scale_uv = ((u64)st->int_vref_mv * 100000000)
> >> (indio_dev->channels[0].scan_type.realbits -
> ((st->conf & AD7192_CONF_UNIPOLAR) ? 0 : 1));
> scale_uv >>= i;
>
> st->scale_avail[i][1] = do_div(scale_uv, 100000000) * 10;
> st->scale_avail[i][0] = scale_uv;
> }
>
> return 0;
> out:
> dev_err(&st->sd.spi->dev, "setup failed\n");
> return ret;

Report error and return directly wherever the error occurs.
Gives more information and easier to read code.
Some of the paths will result in two error messages currently which
doesn't add anything.

> }
>
> static ssize_t
> ad7192_show_scale_available(struct device *dev,
> struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_to_iio_dev(dev);
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> int i, len = 0;
>
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(st->scale_avail); i++)
> len += sprintf(buf + len, "%d.%09u ", st->scale_avail[i][0],
> st->scale_avail[i][1]);
>
> len += sprintf(buf + len, "\n");
>
> return len;
> }
>
> static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR_NAMED(in_v_m_v_scale_available,
> in_voltage-voltage_scale_available,
> 0444, ad7192_show_scale_available, NULL, 0);
>
> static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(in_voltage_scale_available, 0444,
> ad7192_show_scale_available, NULL, 0);
>
> static ssize_t ad7192_show_ac_excitation(struct device *dev,
> struct device_attribute *attr,
> char *buf)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_to_iio_dev(dev);
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>
> return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", !!(st->mode & AD7192_MODE_ACX));
> }
>
> static ssize_t ad7192_show_bridge_switch(struct device *dev,
> struct device_attribute *attr,
> char *buf)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_to_iio_dev(dev);
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>
> return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", !!(st->gpocon & AD7192_GPOCON_BPDSW));
> }
>
> static ssize_t ad7192_set(struct device *dev,
> struct device_attribute *attr,
> const char *buf,
> size_t len)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = dev_to_iio_dev(dev);
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> struct iio_dev_attr *this_attr = to_iio_dev_attr(attr);
> int ret;
> bool val;
>
> ret = strtobool(buf, &val);
> if (ret < 0)
> return ret;
>
> ret = iio_device_claim_direct_mode(indio_dev);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> switch ((u32)this_attr->address) {

There is little enough shared code really in the two different options here
that I'd be inclined (for readability) to just have two different set
functions.

> case AD7192_REG_GPOCON:
> if (val)
> st->gpocon |= AD7192_GPOCON_BPDSW;
> else
> st->gpocon &= ~AD7192_GPOCON_BPDSW;

>
> ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_GPOCON, 1, st->gpocon);
> break;
> case AD7192_REG_MODE:
> if (val)
> st->mode |= AD7192_MODE_ACX;
> else
> st->mode &= ~AD7192_MODE_ACX;
>
> ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_MODE, 3, st->mode);
> break;
> default:
> ret = -EINVAL;
> }
>
> iio_device_release_direct_mode(indio_dev);
>
> return ret ? ret : len;
> }
>
> static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(bridge_switch_en, 0644,
> ad7192_show_bridge_switch, ad7192_set,
> AD7192_REG_GPOCON);
>
> static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(ac_excitation_en, 0644,
> ad7192_show_ac_excitation, ad7192_set,
> AD7192_REG_MODE);
>
> static struct attribute *ad7192_attributes[] = {
> &iio_dev_attr_in_v_m_v_scale_available.dev_attr.attr,
> &iio_dev_attr_in_voltage_scale_available.dev_attr.attr,
> &iio_dev_attr_bridge_switch_en.dev_attr.attr,
> &iio_dev_attr_ac_excitation_en.dev_attr.attr,

The non standard elements in here are probably the main reason no one has
yet taken this one out of staging...
They are

bridge_switch_en and ac_excitation_en


We need to pin down and document the ABI fully in
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio.


> NULL
> };
>
> static const struct attribute_group ad7192_attribute_group = {
> .attrs = ad7192_attributes,
> };
>
> static struct attribute *ad7195_attributes[] = {
> &iio_dev_attr_in_v_m_v_scale_available.dev_attr.attr,
> &iio_dev_attr_in_voltage_scale_available.dev_attr.attr,
> &iio_dev_attr_bridge_switch_en.dev_attr.attr,


> NULL
> };
>
> static const struct attribute_group ad7195_attribute_group = {
> .attrs = ad7195_attributes,
> };
>
> static unsigned int ad7192_get_temp_scale(bool unipolar)
> {
> return unipolar ? 2815 * 2 : 2815;
> }
>
> static int ad7192_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> int *val,
> int *val2,
> long m)
> {
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> bool unipolar = !!(st->conf & AD7192_CONF_UNIPOLAR);
>
> switch (m) {
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW:
> return ad_sigma_delta_single_conversion(indio_dev, chan, val);
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> switch (chan->type) {
> case IIO_VOLTAGE:
> mutex_lock(&st->lock);
> *val = st->scale_avail[AD7192_CONF_GAIN(st->conf)][0];
> *val2 = st->scale_avail[AD7192_CONF_GAIN(st->conf)][1];
> mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
> return IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
> case IIO_TEMP:
> *val = 0;
> *val2 = 1000000000 / ad7192_get_temp_scale(unipolar);
> return IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
> default:
> return -EINVAL;
> }
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_OFFSET:
> if (!unipolar)
> *val = -(1 << (chan->scan_type.realbits - 1));
> else
> *val = 0;
> /* Kelvin to Celsius */
> if (chan->type == IIO_TEMP)
> *val -= 273 * ad7192_get_temp_scale(unipolar);
> return IIO_VAL_INT;
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> *val = st->mclk /
> (st->f_order * 1024 * AD7192_MODE_RATE(st->mode));
> return IIO_VAL_INT;
> }
>
> return -EINVAL;
> }
>
> static int ad7192_write_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> int val,
> int val2,
> long mask)
> {
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
> int ret, i, div;
> unsigned int tmp;
>
> ret = iio_device_claim_direct_mode(indio_dev);
> if (ret)
> return ret;
>
> switch (mask) {
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> ret = -EINVAL;
> mutex_lock(&st->lock);
> for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(st->scale_avail); i++)
> if (val2 == st->scale_avail[i][1]) {
> ret = 0;
> tmp = st->conf;
> st->conf &= ~AD7192_CONF_GAIN(-1);
> st->conf |= AD7192_CONF_GAIN(i);
> if (tmp == st->conf)
> break;
> ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_CONF,
> 3, st->conf);
> ad7192_calibrate_all(st);
> break;
> }
> mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
> break;
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> if (!val) {
> ret = -EINVAL;
> break;
> }
>
> div = st->mclk / (val * st->f_order * 1024);
> if (div < 1 || div > 1023) {
> ret = -EINVAL;
> break;
> }
>
> st->mode &= ~AD7192_MODE_RATE(-1);
> st->mode |= AD7192_MODE_RATE(div);
> ad_sd_write_reg(&st->sd, AD7192_REG_MODE, 3, st->mode);
> break;
> default:
> ret = -EINVAL;
> }
>
> iio_device_release_direct_mode(indio_dev);
>
> return ret;
> }
>
> static int ad7192_write_raw_get_fmt(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
> struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
> long mask)
> {
> switch (mask) {
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SCALE:
> return IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_NANO;
> case IIO_CHAN_INFO_SAMP_FREQ:
> return IIO_VAL_INT;
> default:
> return -EINVAL;
> }
> }
>
> static const struct iio_info ad7192_info = {
> .read_raw = ad7192_read_raw,
> .write_raw = ad7192_write_raw,
> .write_raw_get_fmt = ad7192_write_raw_get_fmt,
> .attrs = &ad7192_attribute_group,
> .validate_trigger = ad_sd_validate_trigger,
> };
>
> static const struct iio_info ad7195_info = {
> .read_raw = ad7192_read_raw,
> .write_raw = ad7192_write_raw,
> .write_raw_get_fmt = ad7192_write_raw_get_fmt,
> .attrs = &ad7195_attribute_group,
> .validate_trigger = ad_sd_validate_trigger,
> };
>
> static const struct iio_chan_spec ad7192_channels[] = {
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(0, 1, 2, AD7192_CH_AIN1P_AIN2M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(1, 3, 4, AD7192_CH_AIN3P_AIN4M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_TEMP_CHANNEL(2, AD7192_CH_TEMP, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_SHORTED_CHANNEL(3, 2, AD7192_CH_AIN2P_AIN2M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(4, 1, AD7192_CH_AIN1, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(5, 2, AD7192_CH_AIN2, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(6, 3, AD7192_CH_AIN3, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(7, 4, AD7192_CH_AIN4, 24, 32, 0),
> IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(8),
> };
>
> static const struct iio_chan_spec ad7193_channels[] = {
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(0, 1, 2, AD7193_CH_AIN1P_AIN2M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(1, 3, 4, AD7193_CH_AIN3P_AIN4M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(2, 5, 6, AD7193_CH_AIN5P_AIN6M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_DIFF_CHANNEL(3, 7, 8, AD7193_CH_AIN7P_AIN8M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_TEMP_CHANNEL(4, AD7193_CH_TEMP, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_SHORTED_CHANNEL(5, 2, AD7193_CH_AIN2P_AIN2M, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(6, 1, AD7193_CH_AIN1, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(7, 2, AD7193_CH_AIN2, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(8, 3, AD7193_CH_AIN3, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(9, 4, AD7193_CH_AIN4, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(10, 5, AD7193_CH_AIN5, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(11, 6, AD7193_CH_AIN6, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(12, 7, AD7193_CH_AIN7, 24, 32, 0),
> AD_SD_CHANNEL(13, 8, AD7193_CH_AIN8, 24, 32, 0),
> IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(14),
> };
>
> static int ad7192_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
> {
> const struct ad7192_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&spi->dev);
> struct ad7192_state *st;
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
> int ret, voltage_uv = 0;
>
> if (!pdata) {

Probably best to just drop the platform data as there are no in kernel users of
it and anyone who does want to use it will need to patch the code to get to
the definition anyway. They can just patch this back in..

> dev_err(&spi->dev, "no platform data?\n");
> return -ENODEV;
> }
>
> if (!spi->irq) {
> dev_err(&spi->dev, "no IRQ?\n");
> return -ENODEV;
> }
>
> indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&spi->dev, sizeof(*st));
> if (!indio_dev)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>
> mutex_init(&st->lock);
>
> st->avdd = devm_regulator_get(&spi->dev, "avdd");
> if (IS_ERR(st->avdd))
> return PTR_ERR(st->avdd);
>
> ret = regulator_enable(st->avdd);
> if (ret) {
> dev_err(&spi->dev, "Failed to enable specified AVdd supply\n");
> return ret;
> }
>
> st->dvdd = devm_regulator_get(&spi->dev, "dvdd");
> if (IS_ERR(st->dvdd)) {
> ret = PTR_ERR(st->dvdd);
> goto error_disable_avdd;
> }
>
> ret = regulator_enable(st->dvdd);
> if (ret) {
> dev_err(&spi->dev, "Failed to enable specified DVdd supply\n");
> goto error_disable_avdd;
> }
>
> voltage_uv = regulator_get_voltage(st->avdd);
>
> if (pdata->vref_mv)
> st->int_vref_mv = pdata->vref_mv;
> else if (voltage_uv)
> st->int_vref_mv = voltage_uv / 1000;
> else
> dev_warn(&spi->dev, "reference voltage undefined\n");

For this device I would treat that as a problem with the device tree
and error out if this happens. It is effectively a broken devicetreee.
We are basically checking for zero voltage here which doesn't make
any sense either...


>
> spi_set_drvdata(spi, indio_dev);
> st->devid = spi_get_device_id(spi)->driver_data;
> indio_dev->dev.parent = &spi->dev;
> indio_dev->name = spi_get_device_id(spi)->name;
> indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
>
> switch (st->devid) {
> case ID_AD7193:
> indio_dev->channels = ad7193_channels;
> indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(ad7193_channels);
> break;
> default:
> indio_dev->channels = ad7192_channels;
> indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(ad7192_channels);
> break;
> }
>
> if (st->devid == ID_AD7195)
> indio_dev->info = &ad7195_info;
> else
> indio_dev->info = &ad7192_info;
>
> ad_sd_init(&st->sd, indio_dev, spi, &ad7192_sigma_delta_info);
>
> ret = ad_sd_setup_buffer_and_trigger(indio_dev);
> if (ret)
> goto error_disable_dvdd;
>
> ret = ad7192_setup(st, pdata);
> if (ret)
> goto error_remove_trigger;
>
> ret = iio_device_register(indio_dev);
> if (ret < 0)
> goto error_remove_trigger;
> return 0;
>
> error_remove_trigger:
> ad_sd_cleanup_buffer_and_trigger(indio_dev);
> error_disable_dvdd:
> regulator_disable(st->dvdd);
> error_disable_avdd:
> regulator_disable(st->avdd);
>
> return ret;
> }
>
> static int ad7192_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
> {
> struct iio_dev *indio_dev = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
> struct ad7192_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>
> iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
> ad_sd_cleanup_buffer_and_trigger(indio_dev);
>
> regulator_disable(st->dvdd);
> regulator_disable(st->avdd);
>
> return 0;
> }
>
> static const struct spi_device_id ad7192_id[] = {
> {"ad7190", ID_AD7190},
> {"ad7192", ID_AD7192},
> {"ad7193", ID_AD7193},
> {"ad7195", ID_AD7195},
> {}
> };
> MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, ad7192_id);
>
> static struct spi_driver ad7192_driver = {
> .driver = {
> .name = "ad7192",
> },
> .probe = ad7192_probe,
> .remove = ad7192_remove,
> .id_table = ad7192_id,
> };
> module_spi_driver(ad7192_driver);
>
> MODULE_AUTHOR("Michael Hennerich <michael.hennerich@analog.com>");
> MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Analog Devices AD7190, AD7192, AD7193, AD7195 ADC");
> MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");

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