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SubjectRe: [PATCH] irqchip/gic-v3-its: Lock its device list during find and create its device
Hi Zheng,

On Sat, 26 Jan 2019 06:16:24 +0000,
Zheng Xiang <zhengxiang9@huawei.com> wrote:
>
> Currently each PCI device under a PCI Bridge shares the same device id
> and ITS device. Assume there are two PCI devices call its_msi_prepare
> concurrently and they are both going to find and create their ITS
> device. There is a chance that the later one couldn't find ITS device
> before the other one creating the ITS device. It will cause the later
> one to create a different ITS device even if they have the same
> device_id.

Interesting finding. Is this something you've actually seen in practice
with two devices being probed in parallel? Or something that you found
by inspection?

The whole RID aliasing is such a mess, I wish we never supported
it. Anyway, comments below.

>
> Signed-off-by: Zheng Xiang <zhengxiang9@huawei.com>
> ---
> drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c | 52 +++++++++++++++-------------------------
> 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
> index db20e99..397edc8 100644
> --- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
> +++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
> @@ -2205,25 +2205,6 @@ static void its_cpu_init_collections(void)
> raw_spin_unlock(&its_lock);
> }
>
> -static struct its_device *its_find_device(struct its_node *its, u32 dev_id)
> -{
> - struct its_device *its_dev = NULL, *tmp;
> - unsigned long flags;
> -
> - raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&its->lock, flags);
> -
> - list_for_each_entry(tmp, &its->its_device_list, entry) {
> - if (tmp->device_id == dev_id) {
> - its_dev = tmp;
> - break;
> - }
> - }
> -
> - raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&its->lock, flags);
> -
> - return its_dev;
> -}
> -
> static struct its_baser *its_get_baser(struct its_node *its, u32 type)
> {
> int i;
> @@ -2321,7 +2302,7 @@ static bool its_alloc_vpe_table(u32 vpe_id)
> static struct its_device *its_create_device(struct its_node *its, u32 dev_id,
> int nvecs, bool alloc_lpis)
> {
> - struct its_device *dev;
> + struct its_device *dev = NULL, *tmp;
> unsigned long *lpi_map = NULL;
> unsigned long flags;
> u16 *col_map = NULL;
> @@ -2331,6 +2312,24 @@ static struct its_device *its_create_device(struct its_node *its, u32 dev_id,
> int nr_ites;
> int sz;
>
> + raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&its->lock, flags);
> + list_for_each_entry(tmp, &its->its_device_list, entry) {
> + if (tmp->device_id == dev_id) {
> + dev = tmp;
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> + if (dev) {
> + /*
> + * We already have seen this ID, probably through
> + * another alias (PCI bridge of some sort). No need to
> + * create the device.
> + */
> + pr_debug("Reusing ITT for devID %x\n", dev_id);
> + raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&its->lock, flags);
> + return dev;
> + }
> +
> if (!its_alloc_device_table(its, dev_id))

You're now performing all sort of allocations in an atomic context,
which is pretty horrible (and the kernel will shout at you for doing
so).

We could probably keep the current logic and wrap it around a mutex
instead, which would give us the appropriate guarantees WRT allocations.
Something along those lines (untested):

diff --git a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
index db20e992a40f..99feb62e63ba 100644
--- a/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
+++ b/drivers/irqchip/irq-gic-v3-its.c
@@ -97,9 +97,14 @@ struct its_device;
* The ITS structure - contains most of the infrastructure, with the
* top-level MSI domain, the command queue, the collections, and the
* list of devices writing to it.
+ *
+ * alloc_lock has to be taken for any allocation that can happen at
+ * run time, while the spinlock must be taken to parse data structures
+ * such as the device list.
*/
struct its_node {
raw_spinlock_t lock;
+ struct mutex alloc_lock;
struct list_head entry;
void __iomem *base;
phys_addr_t phys_base;
@@ -2421,6 +2426,7 @@ static int its_msi_prepare(struct irq_domain *domain, struct device *dev,
struct its_device *its_dev;
struct msi_domain_info *msi_info;
u32 dev_id;
+ int err = 0;

/*
* We ignore "dev" entierely, and rely on the dev_id that has
@@ -2443,6 +2449,7 @@ static int its_msi_prepare(struct irq_domain *domain, struct device *dev,
return -EINVAL;
}

+ mutex_lock(&its->alloc_lock);
its_dev = its_find_device(its, dev_id);
if (its_dev) {
/*
@@ -2455,11 +2462,14 @@ static int its_msi_prepare(struct irq_domain *domain, struct device *dev,
}

its_dev = its_create_device(its, dev_id, nvec, true);
- if (!its_dev)
- return -ENOMEM;
+ if (!its_dev) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }

pr_debug("ITT %d entries, %d bits\n", nvec, ilog2(nvec));
out:
+ mutex_unlock(&its->alloc_lock);
info->scratchpad[0].ptr = its_dev;
return 0;
}
@@ -3516,6 +3526,7 @@ static int __init its_probe_one(struct resource *res,
}

raw_spin_lock_init(&its->lock);
+ mutex_init(&its->alloc_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&its->entry);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&its->its_device_list);
typer = gic_read_typer(its_base + GITS_TYPER);
I still feel that the issue you're seeing here is much more generic.
Overall, there is no guarantee that for a given MSI domain, no two
allocation will take place in parallel, and maybe that's what we should
enforce instead.

Thanks,

M.

--
Jazz is not dead, it just smell funny.

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