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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mtd: rawnand: denali: do not pass zero maxchips to nand_scan()
Hi Boris,

2018-08-24 21:55 GMT+09:00 Boris Brezillon <>:
> Hi Masahiro,
> On Tue, 21 Aug 2018 17:23:19 +0900
> Masahiro Yamada <> wrote:
>> Commit 49aa76b16676 ("mtd: rawnand: do not execute nand_scan_ident()
>> if maxchips is zero") gave a new meaning for calling nand_scan_ident()
>> with maxchips=0.
>> It is a special usage for some drivers such as docg4, but in fact
>> the Denali driver may pass maxchips=0 to nand_scan() when the driver
>> is enabled but no NAND chip is found on the board for some reasons.
>> If nand_scan_with_ids() is called with maxchips=0, nand_scan_ident()
>> is skipped, i.e. nand_set_defaults() is skipped. Therefore, the
>> driver must have set chip->controller beforehand. Otherwise,
>> nand_attach() causes NULL pointer dereference.
>> In fact, the Denali controller knows the number of connected chips
>> before calling nand_scan_ident(); if DEVICE_RESET fails, there is no
>> chip in that chip select. Then, denali_reset_banks() sets the maxchips
>> to the number of detected chips. If no chip is found, it is zero.
>> The reason of this trick was, as commit f486287d2372 ("mtd: nand:
>> denali: fix bank reset function to detect the number of chips")
>> explained, nand_scan_ident() issued Set Features (0xEF) command
>> to all CS lines, some of which may not be connected with a chip.
>> Then, the driver would wait until R/B# response, which never happens.
>> This problem was solved by commit 107b7d6a7ad4 ("mtd: rawnand: avoid
>> setting again the timings to mode 0 after a reset"). In the current
>> code, nand_setup_data_interface() is called from nand_scan_tail(),
>> which is after the chip detection is done.
>> Remove the code that is causing NULL pointer dereference. Now, the
>> maxchips passed to nand_scan() is the maximum number of chip selects
>> supported by the IP (typically 4 or 8). Leave all the chip detection
>> process to nand_scan_ident().
>> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>
>> ---
>> drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c | 1 -
>> 1 file changed, 1 deletion(-)
>> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
>> index ca18612..3e4b8e1 100644
>> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
>> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/denali.c
>> @@ -1086,7 +1086,6 @@ static void denali_reset_banks(struct denali_nand_info *denali)
>> }
>> dev_dbg(denali->dev, "%d chips connected\n", i);
>> - denali->max_banks = i;
> Shouldn't we instead avoid calling nand_scan() when
> denali->max_banks=0? I mean, what's the point of calling this function
> if you know for sure it will fail.

Right. If no chip is found, it should error out with -ENODEV or something.

> Last question: do we still need this denali_reset_banks()? If it's only
> about resetting the chip to detect how many are actually present,
> that's already done by nand_scan().

I thought this too.

Please give me time to answer this question.
I need to check the datasheet and test on my boards.

If I can remove denali_reset_banks() entirely,
it would be the best.


>> }
>> static void denali_hw_init(struct denali_nand_info *denali)

Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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