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Subject[PATCH v8 1/2] kbuild: Allow asm-specific compiler_types.h
We have a need to override the definition of
barrier_before_unreachable() for MIPS, which means we either need to add
architecture-specific code into linux/compiler-gcc.h or we need to allow
the architecture to provide a header that can define the macro before
the generic definition. The latter seems like the better approach.

A straightforward approach to the per-arch header is to make use of
asm-generic to provide a default empty header & adjust architectures
which don't need anything specific to make use of that by adding the
header to generic-y. Unfortunately this doesn't work so well due to
commit a95b37e20db9 ("kbuild: get <linux/compiler_types.h> out of
<linux/kconfig.h>") which moved the inclusion of linux/compiler.h to
cflags using the -include compiler flag.

Because the -include flag is present for all C files we compile, we need
the architecture-provided header to be present before any C files are
compiled. If any C files can be compiled prior to the asm-generic header
wrappers being generated then we hit a build failure due to missing
header. Such cases do exist - one pointed out by the kbuild test robot
is the compilation of arch/ia64/kernel/nr-irqs.c, which occurs as part
of the archprepare target [1].

This leaves us with a few options:

1) Use generic-y & fix any build failures we find by enforcing
ordering such that the asm-generic target occurs before any C
compilation, such that linux/compiler_types.h can always include
the generated asm-generic wrapper which in turn includes the empty
asm-generic header. This would rely on us finding all the
problematic cases - I don't know for sure that the ia64 issue is
the only one.

2) Add an actual empty header to each architecture, so that we don't
need the generated asm-generic wrapper. This seems messy.

3) Give up & add #ifdef CONFIG_MIPS or similar to
linux/compiler_types.h. This seems messy too.

4) Include the arch header only when it's actually needed, removing
the need for the asm-generic wrapper for all other architectures.

This patch allows us to use approach 4, by including an
asm/compiler_types.h header using the -include flag in the same way we
do for linux/compiler_types.h, but only if the header actually exists.


Signed-off-by: Paul Burton <>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <>
Cc: James Hogan <>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <>
Cc: Ralf Baechle <>

Any thoughts anyone?

This isn't the prettiest it could possibly be but it's a small change &
clearly shouldn't break anything, which are good qualities for a patch
fixing build failures that we'd ideally backport as far as 4.16.

Changes in v8:
- New patch.

scripts/Makefile.lib | 5 ++++-
1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
index 1bb594fcfe12..4e7b41ef029b 100644
--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
@@ -151,8 +151,11 @@ __a_flags = $(call flags,_a_flags)
__cpp_flags = $(call flags,_cpp_flags)

+c_includes = $(wildcard $(srctree)/arch/$(SRCARCH)/include/asm/compiler_types.h)
+c_includes += $(srctree)/include/linux/compiler_types.h
c_flags = -Wp,-MD,$(depfile) $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) \
- -include $(srctree)/include/linux/compiler_types.h \
+ $(addprefix -include ,$(c_includes)) \
$(__c_flags) $(modkern_cflags) \
$(basename_flags) $(modname_flags)

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