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Subject[PATCH 3/4] xen: xen-pciback: Replace GFP_ATOMIC with GFP_KERNEL in pcistub_device_alloc
pcistub_device_alloc() is never called in atomic context.

The call chain ending up at pcistub_device_alloc() is:
[1] pcistub_device_alloc() <- pcistub_seize() <- pcistub_probe()
pcistub_probe() is only set as ".probe" in struct pci_driver.
This function is not called in atomic context.

Despite never getting called from atomic context,
pcistub_device_alloc() calls kzalloc() with GFP_ATOMIC,
which does not sleep for allocation.
GFP_ATOMIC is not necessary and can be replaced with GFP_KERNEL,
which can sleep and improve the possibility of sucessful allocation.

Signed-off-by: Jia-Ju Bai <>
drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
index 9e480fd..fecc536 100644
--- a/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
+++ b/drivers/xen/xen-pciback/pci_stub.c
@@ -71,7 +71,7 @@ static struct pcistub_device *pcistub_device_alloc(struct pci_dev *dev)

dev_dbg(&dev->dev, "pcistub_device_alloc\n");

- psdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*psdev), GFP_ATOMIC);
+ psdev = kzalloc(sizeof(*psdev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!psdev)
return NULL;

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