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Subject[PATCH v5 0/2] KVM: X86: Add Force Emulation Prefix for "emulate the next instruction"
There is no easy way to force KVM to run an instruction through the emulator 
(by design as that will expose the x86 emulator as a significant attack-surface).
However, we do wish to expose the x86 emulator in case we are testing it
(e.g. via kvm-unit-tests). Therefore, this patch adds a "force emulation prefix"
that is designed to raise #UD which KVM will trap and it's #UD exit-handler will
match "force emulation prefix" to run instruction after prefix by the x86 emulator.
To not expose the x86 emulator by default, we add a module parameter that should
be off by default.

A simple testcase here:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>

#define HYPERVISOR_INFO 0x40000000

#define CPUID(idx, eax, ebx, ecx, edx) \
asm volatile ( \
"ud2a; .ascii \"kvm\"; cpuid" \
:"=b" (*ebx), "=a" (*eax), "=c" (*ecx), "=d" (*edx) \
:"0"(idx) );

void main()
unsigned int eax, ebx, ecx, edx;
char string[13];

CPUID(HYPERVISOR_INFO, &eax, &ebx, &ecx, &edx);
*(unsigned int *)(string + 0) = ebx;
*(unsigned int *)(string + 4) = ecx;
*(unsigned int *)(string + 8) = edx;

string[12] = 0;
if (strncmp(string, "KVMKVMKVM\0\0\0", 12) == 0)
printf("kvm guest\n");
printf("bare hardware\n");

v3 -> v4:
* forwarding emulation failure to userspace
v2 -> v3:
* fix compile warning
v1 -> v2:
* update patch descriptions
* move handle_ud to x86.c, shared by vmx and svm
* the parameter is in kvm module
* rename parameter to force_emulation_prefix

Cc: Paolo Bonzini <>
Cc: Radim Krčmář <>
Cc: Andrew Cooper <>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <>
Cc: Liran Alon <>

Wanpeng Li (2):
KVM: X86: Introduce handle_ud()
KVM: X86: Add Force Emulation Prefix for "emulate the next instruction"

arch/x86/kvm/svm.c | 9 +--------
arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 10 ++--------
arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kvm/x86.h | 2 ++
4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)


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