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Subject[PATCH v3] kbuild: use -fmacro-prefix-map to make __FILE__ a relative path
The __FILE__ macro is used everywhere in the kernel to locate the file
printing the log message, such as WARN_ON(), etc. If the kernel is
built out of tree, this can be a long absolute path, like this:

WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 1 at /path/to/build/directory/arch/arm64/kernel/foo.c:...

This is because Kbuild runs in the objtree instead of the srctree,
then __FILE__ is expanded to a file path prefixed with $(srctree)/.

Commit 9da0763bdd82 ("kbuild: Use relative path when building in a
subdir of the source tree") improved this to some extent; $(srctree)
becomes ".." if the objtree is a child of the srctree.

For other cases of out-of-tree build, __FILE__ is still the absolute
path. It also means the kernel image depends on where it was built.

A brand-new option from GCC, -fmacro-prefix-map, solves this problem.
If your compiler supports it, __FILE__ is the relative path from the
srctree regardless of O= option. This provides more readable log and
more reproducible builds.

Please note __FILE__ is always an absolute path for external modules.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <>

I tested this on GCC 8.
(not released yet, but you can get the source code from the trunk.)

Changes in v3:
- It is harmless to always set this option.
Remove ifneq ifneq ($(KBUILD_SRC),)

Changes in v2:
- Comment-in the ifeq

Makefile | 3 +++
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 7ba478a..83d25c9 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -856,6 +856,9 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Werror=incompatible-pointer-types)
# Require designated initializers for all marked structures
KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-Werror=designated-init)

+# change __FILE__ to the relative path from the srctree
+KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fmacro-prefix-map=$(srctree)/=)
# use the deterministic mode of AR if available
KBUILD_ARFLAGS := $(call ar-option,D)

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