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Subject[PATCH 5/7] syscalls/x86: use struct pt_regs based syscall calling for IA32_EMULATION and x32
Date
Extend ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER for i386 emulation and for x32 on 64-bit
x86.

For x32, all we need to do is to create an additional stub for each
compat syscall which decodes the parameters in x86-64 ordering, e.g.:

asmlinkage long __compat_sys_x32_xyzzy(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
return c_SyS_xyzzy(regs->di, regs->si, regs->dx);
}

For i386 emulation, we need to teach compat_sys_*() to take struct
pt_regs as its only argument, e.g.:

asmlinkage long compat_sys_xyzzy(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
return c_SyS_xyzzy(regs->bx, regs->cx, regs->dx);
}

In addition, we need to create additional stubs for common syscalls
(that is, for syscalls which have the same parameters on 32bit and 64bit),
e.g.:

asmlinkage long __sys32_ia32_xyzzy(struct pt_regs *regs)
{
return c_sys_xyzzy(regs->bx, regs->cx, regs->dx);
}

This approach avoids leaking random user-provided register content down
the call chain.

This patch is based on an original proof-of-concept

From: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>

and was split up and heavily modified by me, in particular to base it on
ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER.

Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Dominik Brodowski <linux@dominikbrodowski.net>
---
arch/x86/Kconfig | 2 +-
arch/x86/entry/common.c | 4 ++
arch/x86/entry/syscall_32.c | 15 +++-
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl | 74 +++++++++----------
arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscalltbl.sh | 8 +++
arch/x86/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h | 128 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
6 files changed, 187 insertions(+), 44 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
index a5db03705452..2ad46f7c522c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
@@ -2960,5 +2960,5 @@ source "lib/Kconfig"

config SYSCALL_PTREGS
def_bool y
- depends on X86_64 && !COMPAT
+ depends on X86_64
select ARCH_HAS_SYSCALL_WRAPPER
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/common.c b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
index e1b91bffa988..425f798b39e3 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/common.c
@@ -325,6 +325,9 @@ static __always_inline void do_syscall_32_irqs_on(struct pt_regs *regs)

if (likely(nr < IA32_NR_syscalls)) {
nr = array_index_nospec(nr, IA32_NR_syscalls);
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCALL_PTREGS
+ regs->ax = ia32_sys_call_table[nr](regs);
+#else
/*
* It's possible that a 32-bit syscall implementation
* takes a 64-bit parameter but nonetheless assumes that
@@ -335,6 +338,7 @@ static __always_inline void do_syscall_32_irqs_on(struct pt_regs *regs)
(unsigned int)regs->bx, (unsigned int)regs->cx,
(unsigned int)regs->dx, (unsigned int)regs->si,
(unsigned int)regs->di, (unsigned int)regs->bp);
+#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCALL_PTREGS */
}

syscall_return_slowpath(regs);
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscall_32.c b/arch/x86/entry/syscall_32.c
index 95c294963612..bbd8dda36c7d 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscall_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscall_32.c
@@ -7,14 +7,23 @@
#include <asm/asm-offsets.h>
#include <asm/syscall.h>

-#define __SYSCALL_I386(nr, sym, qual) extern asmlinkage long sym(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long) ;
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCALL_PTREGS
+/* On X86_64, we use struct pt_regs * to pass parameters to syscalls */
+#define __SYSCALL_I386(nr, sym, qual) extern asmlinkage long sym(struct pt_regs *);
+
+/* this is a lie, but it does not hurt as sys_ni_syscall just returns -EINVAL */
+extern asmlinkage long sys_ni_syscall(struct pt_regs *);
+
+#else /* CONFIG_SYSCALL_PTREGS */
+#define __SYSCALL_I386(nr, sym, qual) extern asmlinkage long sym(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
+extern asmlinkage long sys_ni_syscall(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
+#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCALL_PTREGS */
+
#include <asm/syscalls_32.h>
#undef __SYSCALL_I386

#define __SYSCALL_I386(nr, sym, qual) [nr] = sym,

-extern asmlinkage long sys_ni_syscall(unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
-
__visible const sys_call_ptr_t ia32_sys_call_table[__NR_syscall_compat_max+1] = {
/*
* Smells like a compiler bug -- it doesn't work
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
index 5aef183e2f85..a83c0f7f462f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscall_64.tbl
@@ -342,41 +342,43 @@

#
# x32-specific system call numbers start at 512 to avoid cache impact
-# for native 64-bit operation.
+# for native 64-bit operation. The __compat_sys_x32 stubs are created
+# on-the-fly for compat_sys_*() compatibility system calls if X86_X32
+# is defined.
#
-512 x32 rt_sigaction compat_sys_rt_sigaction
+512 x32 rt_sigaction __compat_sys_x32_rt_sigaction
513 x32 rt_sigreturn sys32_x32_rt_sigreturn
-514 x32 ioctl compat_sys_ioctl
-515 x32 readv compat_sys_readv
-516 x32 writev compat_sys_writev
-517 x32 recvfrom compat_sys_recvfrom
-518 x32 sendmsg compat_sys_sendmsg
-519 x32 recvmsg compat_sys_recvmsg
-520 x32 execve compat_sys_execve/ptregs
-521 x32 ptrace compat_sys_ptrace
-522 x32 rt_sigpending compat_sys_rt_sigpending
-523 x32 rt_sigtimedwait compat_sys_rt_sigtimedwait
-524 x32 rt_sigqueueinfo compat_sys_rt_sigqueueinfo
-525 x32 sigaltstack compat_sys_sigaltstack
-526 x32 timer_create compat_sys_timer_create
-527 x32 mq_notify compat_sys_mq_notify
-528 x32 kexec_load compat_sys_kexec_load
-529 x32 waitid compat_sys_waitid
-530 x32 set_robust_list compat_sys_set_robust_list
-531 x32 get_robust_list compat_sys_get_robust_list
-532 x32 vmsplice compat_sys_vmsplice
-533 x32 move_pages compat_sys_move_pages
-534 x32 preadv compat_sys_preadv64
-535 x32 pwritev compat_sys_pwritev64
-536 x32 rt_tgsigqueueinfo compat_sys_rt_tgsigqueueinfo
-537 x32 recvmmsg compat_sys_recvmmsg
-538 x32 sendmmsg compat_sys_sendmmsg
-539 x32 process_vm_readv compat_sys_process_vm_readv
-540 x32 process_vm_writev compat_sys_process_vm_writev
-541 x32 setsockopt compat_sys_setsockopt
-542 x32 getsockopt compat_sys_getsockopt
-543 x32 io_setup compat_sys_io_setup
-544 x32 io_submit compat_sys_io_submit
-545 x32 execveat compat_sys_execveat/ptregs
-546 x32 preadv2 compat_sys_preadv64v2
-547 x32 pwritev2 compat_sys_pwritev64v2
+514 x32 ioctl __compat_sys_x32_ioctl
+515 x32 readv __compat_sys_x32_readv
+516 x32 writev __compat_sys_x32_writev
+517 x32 recvfrom __compat_sys_x32_recvfrom
+518 x32 sendmsg __compat_sys_x32_sendmsg
+519 x32 recvmsg __compat_sys_x32_recvmsg
+520 x32 execve __compat_sys_x32_execve/ptregs
+521 x32 ptrace __compat_sys_x32_ptrace
+522 x32 rt_sigpending __compat_sys_x32_rt_sigpending
+523 x32 rt_sigtimedwait __compat_sys_x32_rt_sigtimedwait
+524 x32 rt_sigqueueinfo __compat_sys_x32_rt_sigqueueinfo
+525 x32 sigaltstack __compat_sys_x32_sigaltstack
+526 x32 timer_create __compat_sys_x32_timer_create
+527 x32 mq_notify __compat_sys_x32_mq_notify
+528 x32 kexec_load __compat_sys_x32_kexec_load
+529 x32 waitid __compat_sys_x32_waitid
+530 x32 set_robust_list __compat_sys_x32_set_robust_list
+531 x32 get_robust_list __compat_sys_x32_get_robust_list
+532 x32 vmsplice __compat_sys_x32_vmsplice
+533 x32 move_pages __compat_sys_x32_move_pages
+534 x32 preadv __compat_sys_x32_preadv64
+535 x32 pwritev __compat_sys_x32_pwritev64
+536 x32 rt_tgsigqueueinfo __compat_sys_x32_rt_tgsigqueueinfo
+537 x32 recvmmsg __compat_sys_x32_recvmmsg
+538 x32 sendmmsg __compat_sys_x32_sendmmsg
+539 x32 process_vm_readv __compat_sys_x32_process_vm_readv
+540 x32 process_vm_writev __compat_sys_x32_process_vm_writev
+541 x32 setsockopt __compat_sys_x32_setsockopt
+542 x32 getsockopt __compat_sys_x32_getsockopt
+543 x32 io_setup __compat_sys_x32_io_setup
+544 x32 io_submit __compat_sys_x32_io_submit
+545 x32 execveat __compat_sys_x32_execveat/ptregs
+546 x32 preadv2 __compat_sys_x32_preadv64v2
+547 x32 pwritev2 __compat_sys_x32_pwritev64v2
diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscalltbl.sh b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscalltbl.sh
index d71ef4bd3615..4e468f16cb3b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscalltbl.sh
+++ b/arch/x86/entry/syscalls/syscalltbl.sh
@@ -49,6 +49,14 @@ emit() {
grep '^[0-9]' "$in" | sort -n | (
while read nr abi name entry compat; do
abi=`echo "$abi" | tr '[a-z]' '[A-Z]'`
+
+ # auto-create i386 stubs for struct pt_regs calling convention
+ if [ -n "$entry" -a "$abi" = "I386" -a -z "$compat" ]; then
+ if [ "$entry" != "sys_ni_syscall" ]; then
+ compat="__sys32_ia32_${entry#sys_}"
+ fi
+ fi
+
if [ "$abi" = "COMMON" -o "$abi" = "64" ]; then
# COMMON is the same as 64, except that we don't expect X32
# programs to use it. Our expectation has nothing to do with
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h
index ca928adf4a53..6629a22b542c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/syscall_wrapper.h
@@ -6,6 +6,122 @@
#ifndef _ASM_X86_SYSCALL_WRAPPER_H
#define _ASM_X86_SYSCALL_WRAPPER_H

+/* Mapping of registers to parameters for syscalls on x86-64 and x32 */
+#define SC_X86_64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x, ...) \
+ __MAP(x,__SC_ARGS \
+ ,,regs->di,,regs->si,,regs->dx \
+ ,,regs->r10,,regs->r8,,regs->r9) \
+
+/* Mapping of registers to parameters for syscalls on i386 */
+#define SC_IA32_REGS_TO_ARGS(x, ...) \
+ __MAP(x,__SC_ARGS \
+ ,,(unsigned int)regs->bx,,(unsigned int)regs->cx \
+ ,,(unsigned int)regs->dx,,(unsigned int)regs->si \
+ ,,(unsigned int)regs->di,,(unsigned int)regs->bp)
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
+/*
+ * For IA32 emulation, we need to handle "compat" syscalls *and* create
+ * additional wrappers (aptly named __sys32_ia32_sys_xyzzy) which decode
+ * the ia32 regs in the proper order for shared or "common" syscalls. As
+ * some syscalls may not be implemented, we need to expand COND_SYSCALL in
+ * kernel/sys_ni.c and SYS_NI in kernel/time/posix-stubs.c to cover this
+ * case as well.
+ */
+#define COMPAT_SC_IA32_STUBx(x, name, ...) \
+ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(struct pt_regs *regs); \
+ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(compat_sys##name, ERRNO); \
+ asmlinkage long compat_sys##name(struct pt_regs *regs) \
+ { \
+ return c_SyS##name(SC_IA32_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__));\
+ } \
+
+#define SC_IA32_WRAPPERx(x, name, ...) \
+ asmlinkage long __sys32_ia32##name(struct pt_regs *regs); \
+ asmlinkage long __sys32_ia32##name(struct pt_regs *regs) \
+ { \
+ return SyS##name(SC_IA32_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__)); \
+ }
+
+#define COND_SYSCALL(name) \
+ cond_syscall(sys_##name); \
+ cond_syscall(__sys32_ia32_##name)
+
+#define SYS_NI(name) \
+ SYSCALL_ALIAS(sys_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers); \
+ SYSCALL_ALIAS(__sys32_ia32_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers)
+
+/*
+ * As the generic SYSCALL_DEFINE0() macro does not decode any parameters for
+ * obvious reasons, it does not care about struct pt_regs. There is a need,
+ * however, to create an alias named __sys32_ia32_sys*() if IA32_EMULATION
+ * is enabled
+ */
+#define SYSCALL_DEFINE0(sname) \
+ SYSCALL_METADATA(_##sname, 0); \
+ asmlinkage long sys_##sname(void); \
+ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(sys_##sname, ERRNO); \
+ asmlinkage long __sys32_ia32_##sname(void) \
+ __attribute__((alias(__stringify(sys_##sname)))); \
+ asmlinkage long sys_##sname(void)
+
+#else /* CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION */
+#define COMPAT_SC_IA32_STUBx(x, name, ...)
+#define SC_IA32_WRAPPERx(x, fullname, name, ...)
+#endif /* CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION */
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32
+/*
+ * For the x32 ABI, we need to create a stub for compat_sys_*() which is aware
+ * of the x86-64-style parameter ordering of x32 syscalls. The syscalls common
+ * with x86_64 obviously do not need such care.
+ */
+#define COMPAT_SC_X32_STUBx(x, name, ...) \
+ asmlinkage long __compat_sys_x32##name(struct pt_regs *regs); \
+ ALLOW_ERROR_INJECTION(__compat_sys_x32##name, ERRNO); \
+ asmlinkage long __compat_sys_x32##name(struct pt_regs *regs) \
+ { \
+ return c_SyS##name(SC_X86_64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__));\
+ } \
+
+/* As some compat syscalls may not be implemented, we need to expand
+ * COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT in kernel/sys_ni.c and COMPAT_SYS_NI in
+ * kernel/time/posix-stubs.c to cover this case as well.
+ */
+#define COND_SYSCALL_COMPAT(name) \
+ cond_syscall(compat_sys_##name); \
+ cond_syscall(__compat_sys_x32_##name)
+
+#define COMPAT_SYS_NI(name) \
+ SYSCALL_ALIAS(compat_sys_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers); \
+ SYSCALL_ALIAS(__compat_sys_x32_##name, sys_ni_posix_timers)
+
+#else /* CONFIG_X86_X32 */
+#define COMPAT_SC_X32_STUBx(x, name, ...)
+#endif /* CONFIG_X86_X32 */
+
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
+/*
+ * Compat means IA32_EMULATION and/or X86_X32. As they use a different
+ * mapping of registers to parameters, we need to generate stubs for each
+ * of them.
+ */
+#define COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...) \
+ static long c_SyS##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)); \
+ static inline long C_SYSC##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__));\
+ COMPAT_SC_IA32_STUBx(x, name, __VA_ARGS__) \
+ COMPAT_SC_X32_STUBx(x, name, __VA_ARGS__) \
+ static long c_SyS##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)) \
+ { \
+ return C_SYSC##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DELOUSE,__VA_ARGS__)); \
+ } \
+ static inline long C_SYSC##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__))
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */
+
+
/*
* Instead of the generic __SYSCALL_DEFINEx() definition, this macro takes
* struct pt_regs *regs as the only argument of the syscall stub named
@@ -34,8 +150,13 @@
* This approach avoids leaking random user-provided register content down
* the call chain.
*
+ * If IA32_EMULATION is enabled, this macro generates an additional wrapper
+ * named __sys32_ia32_*() which decodes the struct pt_regs *regs according
+ * to the i386 calling convention (bx, cx, dx, si, di, bp).
+ *
* As the generic SYSCALL_DEFINE0() macro does not decode any parameters for
- * obvious reasons, there is no need to override it.
+ * obvious reasons, there is no need to override it unless IA32_EMULATION is
+ * enabled (see above).
*/
#define __SYSCALL_DEFINEx(x, name, ...) \
asmlinkage long sys##name(struct pt_regs *regs); \
@@ -44,10 +165,9 @@
static inline long SYSC##name(__MAP(x,__SC_DECL,__VA_ARGS__)); \
asmlinkage long sys##name(struct pt_regs *regs) \
{ \
- return SyS##name(__MAP(x,__SC_ARGS \
- ,,regs->di,,regs->si,,regs->dx \
- ,,regs->r10,,regs->r8,,regs->r9)); \
+ return SyS##name(SC_X86_64_REGS_TO_ARGS(x,__VA_ARGS__));\
} \
+ SC_IA32_WRAPPERx(x, name, __VA_ARGS__) \
static long SyS##name(__MAP(x,__SC_LONG,__VA_ARGS__)) \
{ \
long ret = SYSC##name(__MAP(x,__SC_CAST,__VA_ARGS__)); \
--
2.16.3
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