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SubjectRe: linux-next: build failure after merge of the printk tree
Cc-ing Tejun

On (03/02/18 16:54), Petr Mladek wrote:
> > (Though it is not immediately obvious why.)
> It is a mistery to me. The error appears when I move any of
> dump_stack_print_info() or show_regs_print_info() function
> definitions from kernel/printk/printk.c to lib/dump_stack.c.
> All the other changes seems unrelated.
> The thing is that we basically do not touch dump_stack() definition
> by that patch.

Apparently dump_stack_print_info() was in lib/dump_stack.c a long
time ago, but it was deliberately moved to printk.c, when kernel gained
a "generic" (dummy) dump_stack() fallback. Some archs, like blackfin,
define their own dump_stack() symbol and make it global via EXPORT_SYMBOL.

In case of blackfin that arch-specific dump_stack() symbol invokes a
global dump_stack_print_info(). If we move dump_stack_print_info() back
to lib/dump_stack.c then we link both with arch/blackfin/dumpstack.o
and lib/dump_stack.o, which results in multiple definitions error.
If we move dump_stack_print_info() out on libdump_stack.o, then we
never link with lib/dump_stack.o

... so what are we going to do with that.

a) we can drop the patch and cherry pick only the kexec part

b) we can try to mark dummy lib/dump_stack() as __weak
EXPORT_SYMBOL and remove EXPORT_SYMBOL from arch-specific

So we will end up with EXPORT_SYMBOL dump_stack() and archs
may re-define it. If some arch will accidentally mark its
own dump_stack() as EXPORT_SYMBOL then there should be a
linkage warning - a symbol is exported twice.

Something like below.

Opinions? Will this work?

========= 8< =========

From: Sergey Senozhatsky <>
Subject: [PATCH] dump_stack: mark dummy dump_stack() as weak

arch/blackfin/kernel/dumpstack.c | 1 -
arch/nds32/kernel/traps.c | 2 --
lib/dump_stack.c | 4 ++--
3 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/blackfin/kernel/dumpstack.c b/arch/blackfin/kernel/dumpstack.c
index 3c992c1f8ef2..61af017130cd 100644
--- a/arch/blackfin/kernel/dumpstack.c
+++ b/arch/blackfin/kernel/dumpstack.c
@@ -174,4 +174,3 @@ void dump_stack(void)
show_stack(current, &stack);
diff --git a/arch/nds32/kernel/traps.c b/arch/nds32/kernel/traps.c
index 8828b4aeb72b..455bb0787367 100644
--- a/arch/nds32/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/nds32/kernel/traps.c
@@ -166,8 +166,6 @@ void dump_stack(void)
__dump(NULL, base_reg);

void show_stack(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long *sp)
unsigned long *base_reg;
diff --git a/lib/dump_stack.c b/lib/dump_stack.c
index 5cff72f18c4a..9cf4465dbffa 100644
--- a/lib/dump_stack.c
+++ b/lib/dump_stack.c
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ static void __dump_stack(void)
static atomic_t dump_lock = ATOMIC_INIT(-1);

-asmlinkage __visible void dump_stack(void)
+asmlinkage __weak __visible void dump_stack(void)
unsigned long flags;
int was_locked;
@@ -118,7 +118,7 @@ asmlinkage __visible void dump_stack(void)
-asmlinkage __visible void dump_stack(void)
+asmlinkage __weak __visible void dump_stack(void)
 \ /
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