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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 7/7] x86/kvm: use Enlightened VMCS when running on Hyper-V
2018-03-15 16:19+0100, Vitaly Kuznetsov:
> Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com> writes:
>
> > On 09/03/2018 15:02, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> >> Enlightened VMCS is just a structure in memory, the main benefit
> >> besides avoiding somewhat slower VMREAD/VMWRITE is using clean field
> >> mask: we tell the underlying hypervisor which fields were modified
> >> since VMEXIT so there's no need to inspect them all.
> >>
> >> Tight CPUID loop test shows significant speedup:
> >> Before: 18890 cycles
> >> After: 8304 cycles
> >>
> >> Static key is being used to avoid performance penalty for non-Hyper-V
> >> deployments. Tests show we add around 3 (three) CPU cycles on each
> >> VMEXIT (1077.5 cycles before, 1080.7 cycles after for the same CPUID
> >> loop on bare metal). We can probably avoid one test/jmp in vmx_vcpu_run()
> >> but I don't see a clean way to use static key in assembly.
> >
> > If you want to live dangerously, you can use text_poke_early to change
> > the vmwrite to mov. It's just a single instruction, so it's probably
> > not too hard.
>
> It is not:
>
> +#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HYPERV) && defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
> +
> +/* Luckily, both original and new instructions are of the same length */
> +#define EVMCS_RSP_OPCODE_LEN 3
> +static evmcs_patch_vmx_cpu_run(void)
> +{
> + u8 *addr;
> + u8 opcode_old[] = {0x0f, 0x79, 0xd4}; // vmwrite rsp, rdx
> + u8 opcode_new[] = {0x48, 0x89, 0x26}; // mov rsp, (rsi)
> +
> + /*
> + * What we're searching for MUST be present in vmx_cpu_run().
> + * We replace the first occurance only.
> + */
> + for (addr = (u8 *)vmx_vcpu_run; ; addr++) {
> + if (!memcmp(addr, opcode_old, EVMCS_RSP_OPCODE_LEN)) {
> + /*
> + * vmx_vcpu_run is not currently running on other CPUs but
> + * using text_poke_early() would require us to do manual
> + * RW remapping of the area.
> + */
> + text_poke(addr, opcode_new, EVMCS_RSP_OPCODE_LEN);
> + break;
> + }
> + }
> +}
> +#endif
> +
>
> text_poke() also needs to be exported.
>
> This works. But hell, this is a crude hack :-) Not sure if there's a
> cleaner way to find what needs to be patched without something like jump
> label table ...

Yeah, I can see us accidently patching parts of other instructions. :)

The target instruction address can be made into a C-accessible symbol
with the same trick that vmx_return uses -- add a .global containing the
address of a label (not sure if a more direct approach would work).

The evil in me likes it. (The good is too lazy to add a decent patching
infrastructure for just one user.)

I would be a bit happier if we didn't assume the desired instruction and
therefore put constraints on a remote code.
We actually already have mov in the assembly:

"cmp %%" _ASM_SP ", %c[host_rsp](%0) \n\t"
"je 1f \n\t"
"mov %%" _ASM_SP ", %c[host_rsp](%0) \n\t" // here
__ex(ASM_VMX_VMWRITE_RSP_RDX) "\n\t"
"1: \n\t"

Is there a drawback in switching '%c[host_rsp](%0)' to be a general
memory pointer and put either &vmx->host_rsp or &current_evmcs->host_rsp
in there?

We could just overwrite ASM_VMX_VMWRITE_RSP_RDX with a nop then. :)

Thanks.

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