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SubjectRe: netns: send uevent messages
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Date
CC Andrey Vagin

On 15.03.2018 03:12, Christian Brauner wrote:
> This patch adds a receive method to NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT netlink sockets
> to allow sending uevent messages into the network namespace the socket
> belongs to.
>
> Currently non-initial network namespaces are already isolated and don't
> receive uevents. There are a number of cases where it is beneficial for a
> sufficiently privileged userspace process to send a uevent into a network
> namespace.
>
> One such use case would be debugging and fuzzing of a piece of software
> which listens and reacts to uevents. By running a copy of that software
> inside a network namespace, specific uevents could then be presented to it.
> More concretely, this would allow for easy testing of udevd/ueventd.
>
> This will also allow some piece of software to run components inside a
> separate network namespace and then effectively filter what that software
> can receive. Some examples of software that do directly listen to uevents
> and that we have in the past attempted to run inside a network namespace
> are rbd (CEPH client) or the X server.
>
> Implementation:
> The implementation has been kept as simple as possible from the kernel's
> perspective. Specifically, a simple input method uevent_net_rcv() is added
> to NETLINK_KOBJECT_UEVENT sockets which completely reuses existing
> af_netlink infrastructure and does neither add an additional netlink family
> nor requires any user-visible changes.
>
> For example, by using netlink_rcv_skb() we can make use of existing netlink
> infrastructure to report back informative error messages to userspace.
>
> Furthermore, this implementation does not introduce any overhead for
> existing uevent generating codepaths. The struct netns gets a new uevent
> socket member that records the uevent socket associated with that network
> namespace. Since we record the uevent socket for each network namespace in
> struct net we don't have to walk the whole uevent socket list.
> Instead we can directly retrieve the relevant uevent socket and send the
> message. This keeps the codepath very performant without introducing
> needless overhead.
>
> Uevent sequence numbers are kept global. When a uevent message is sent to
> another network namespace the implementation will simply increment the
> global uevent sequence number and append it to the received uevent. This
> has the advantage that the kernel will never need to parse the received
> uevent message to replace any existing uevent sequence numbers. Instead it
> is up to the userspace process to remove any existing uevent sequence
> numbers in case the uevent message to be sent contains any.
>
> Security:
> In order for a caller to send uevent messages to a target network namespace
> the caller must have CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the owning user namespace of the
> target network namespace. Additionally, any received uevent message is
> verified to not exceed size UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE. This includes the space
> needed to append the uevent sequence number.
>
> Testing:
> This patch has been tested and verified to work with the following udev
> implementations:
> 1. CentOS 6 with udevd version 147
> 2. Debian Sid with systemd-udevd version 237
> 3. Android 7.1.1 with ueventd
>
> Signed-off-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
> ---
> include/net/net_namespace.h | 1 +
> lib/kobject_uevent.c | 88 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 2 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/include/net/net_namespace.h b/include/net/net_namespace.h
> index f306b2aa15a4..467bde763a9b 100644
> --- a/include/net/net_namespace.h
> +++ b/include/net/net_namespace.h
> @@ -78,6 +78,7 @@ struct net {
>
> struct sock *rtnl; /* rtnetlink socket */
> struct sock *genl_sock;
> + struct sock *uevent_sock; /* uevent socket */

Since you add this per-net uevent_sock pointer, currently existing iterations in uevent_net_exit()
become to look confusing. There are:

mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
list_for_each_entry(ue_sk, &uevent_sock_list, list) {
if (sock_net(ue_sk->sk) == net)
goto found;
}

Can't we make a small cleanup in lib/kobject_uevent.c after this change
and before the main part of the patch goes?

>
> struct list_head dev_base_head;
> struct hlist_head *dev_name_head;
> diff --git a/lib/kobject_uevent.c b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> index 9fe6ec8fda28..10b2144b9fc3 100644
> --- a/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> +++ b/lib/kobject_uevent.c
> @@ -25,6 +25,7 @@
> #include <linux/uuid.h>
> #include <linux/ctype.h>
> #include <net/sock.h>
> +#include <net/netlink.h>
> #include <net/net_namespace.h>
>
>
> @@ -602,12 +603,94 @@ int add_uevent_var(struct kobj_uevent_env *env, const char *format, ...)
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(add_uevent_var);
>
> #if defined(CONFIG_NET)
> +static int uevent_net_send(struct sock *usk, struct sk_buff *skb,
> + struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + u64 seqnum;
> + /* u64 to chars: 2^64 - 1 = 21 chars */

18446744073709551615 -- 20 chars (+1 '\0'). Comment makes me think
we forgot +1 in buf declaration.

> + char buf[sizeof("SEQNUM=") + 21];
> + struct sk_buff *skbc;
> +
> + /* bump sequence number */
> + mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> + seqnum = ++uevent_seqnum;
> + mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);

Commit 7b60a18da393 from Andrew Vagin says:

uevent: send events in correct order according to seqnum (v3)

The queue handling in the udev daemon assumes that the events are
ordered.

Before this patch uevent_seqnum is incremented under sequence_lock,
than an event is send uner uevent_sock_mutex. I want to say that code
contained a window between incrementing seqnum and sending an event.
This patch locks uevent_sock_mutex before incrementing uevent_seqnum.
Signed-off-by: Andrew Vagin <avagin@openvz.org>

After this change the order will be lost. Also the rest of namespaces
will have holes in uevent numbers, as they won't receive a number sent
to specific namespace.

It seems we should made uevent_seqnum per-net to solve this problem.

> + /* prepare sequence number */
> + ret = snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "SEQNUM=%llu", seqnum);
> + if (ret < 0 || (size_t)ret >= sizeof(buf))
> + return -ENOMEM;> + ret++;
> +
> + /* verify message does not overflow */
> + if ((skb->len + ret) > UEVENT_BUFFER_SIZE) {
> + NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "uevent message too big");
> + return -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + /* copy skb and extend to accommodate sequence number */
> + skbc = skb_copy_expand(skb, 0, ret, GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!skbc)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + /* append sequence number */
> + skb_put_data(skbc, buf, ret);
> +
> + /* remove msg header */
> + skb_pull(skbc, NLMSG_HDRLEN);
> +
> + /* set portid 0 to inform userspace message comes from kernel */
> + NETLINK_CB(skbc).portid = 0;
> + NETLINK_CB(skbc).dst_group = 1;
> +
> + ret = netlink_broadcast(usk, skbc, 0, 1, GFP_KERNEL);
> + /* ENOBUFS should be handled in userspace */
> + if (ret == -ENOBUFS || ret == -ESRCH)
> + ret = 0;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +static int uevent_rcv_msg(struct sk_buff *skb, struct nlmsghdr *nlh,
> + struct netlink_ext_ack *extack)
> +{
> + void *msg;
> + struct net *target_net;
> + struct sock *target_sk;
> +
> + msg = nlmsg_data(nlh);
> + if (!msg)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + target_net = sock_net(NETLINK_CB(skb).sk);
> + target_sk = target_net->uevent_sock;
> +
> + /*
> + * Verify that we are allowed to send messages to the target network
> + * namespace. The caller must have CAP_SYS_ADMIN in the owning user
> + * namespace of the target network namespace.
> + */
> + if (!netlink_ns_capable(skb, target_net->user_ns, CAP_SYS_ADMIN)) {
> + NL_SET_ERR_MSG(extack, "missing CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability");
> + return -EPERM;
> + }
> +
> + return uevent_net_send(target_sk, skb, extack);
> +}
> +
> +static void uevent_net_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
> +{
> + netlink_rcv_skb(skb, &uevent_rcv_msg);
> +}
> +
> static int uevent_net_init(struct net *net)
> {
> struct uevent_sock *ue_sk;
> struct netlink_kernel_cfg cfg = {
> .groups = 1,
> - .flags = NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV,
> + .input = uevent_net_rcv,
> + .flags = NL_CFG_F_NONROOT_RECV
> };
>
> ue_sk = kzalloc(sizeof(*ue_sk), GFP_KERNEL);
> @@ -621,6 +704,9 @@ static int uevent_net_init(struct net *net)
> kfree(ue_sk);
> return -ENODEV;
> }
> +
> + net->uevent_sock = ue_sk->sk;
> +
> mutex_lock(&uevent_sock_mutex);
> list_add_tail(&ue_sk->list, &uevent_sock_list);
> mutex_unlock(&uevent_sock_mutex);

Kirill

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