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SubjectRe: [LINUX PATCH v8 1/2] Documentation: nand: pl353: Add documentation for controller and driver
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On 03/14/2018 03:48 AM, nagasureshkumarrelli@gmail.com wrote:
> From: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <nagasure@xilinx.com>
>
> Added notes about the controller and driver
>
> Signed-off-by: Naga Sureshkumar Relli <nagasure@xilinx.com>
> ---

Hi,

> ---
> Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt | 92 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 file changed, 92 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt b/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ac6fbd5
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/mtd/nand/pl353-nand.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,92 @@
> +This documents provides some notes about the ARM pl353 smc controller used in

s/smc/SMC/

> +Zynq SOC and confined to NAND specific details.
> +
> +Overview of the controller
> +==========================
> + The SMC (PL353) supports two memory interfaces:
> + Interface 0 type SRAM.
> + Interface 1 type NAND.
> + This configuration supports the following configurable options:
> + . 32-bit or 64-bit AXI data width
> + . 8-bit, 16-bit, or 32-bit memory data width for interface 0
> + . 8-bit, or 16-bit memory data width for interface 1
> + . 1-4 chip selects on each interface
> + . SLC ECC block for interface 1
> +
> +For more information, refer the below link for TRM
> +http://infocenter.arm.com/help/topic/com.arm.doc.ddi0380g/
> +DDI0380G_smc_pl350_series_r2p1_trm.pdf
> +
> +NAND memory accesses
> +====================
> + . Two phase NAND accesses
> + . NAND command phase transfers
> + . NAND data phase transfers
> +
> +Two phase NAND accesses
> + The SMC defines two phases of commands when transferring data to or from
> +NAND flash.
> +
> +Command phase
> + Commands and optional address information are written to the NAND flash.
> +The command and address can be associated with either a data phase operation to
> +write to or read from the array, or a status/ID register transfer.
> +
> +Data phase
> + Data is either written to or read from the NAND flash. This data can be either
> +data transferred to or from the array, or status/ID register information.
> +
> +NAND AXI address setup
> + AXI address Command phase Data phase
> + [31:24] Chip address Chip address
> + [23] NoOfAddCycles_2 Reserved
> + [22] NoOfAddCycles_1 Reserved
> + [21] NoOfAddCycles_0 ClearCS
> + [20] End command valid End command valid
> + [19] 0 1
> + [18:11] End command End command
> + [10:3] Start command [10] ECC Last
> + [9:3] Reserved
> + [2:0] Reserved Reserved
> +
> +ECC
> +===
> + It operates on a number of 512 byte blocks of NAND memory and can be
> +programmed to store the ECC codes after the data in memory. For writes,
> +the ECC is written to the spare area of the page. For reads, the result of
> +a block ECC check are made available to the device driver.
> +
> +------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +| n * 512 blocks | extra | ecc | |
> +| | block | codes | |
> +------------------------------------------------------------------------
> +
> +The ECC calculation uses a simple Hamming code, using 1-bit correction 2-bit
> +detection. It starts when a valid read or write command with a 512 byte aligned
> +address is detected on the memory interface.
> +
> +Driver details
> +==============
> + The NAND driver has dependency with the pl353_smc memory controller
> +driver for intializing the nand timing parameters, bus width, ECC modes,

initializing the NAND

> +control and status information.
> +
> +Since the controller expects that the chipselect bit should be cleared for the
> +last data transfer i.e last 4 data bytes, the existing nandbase page
> +read/write routines for soft ecc and ecc none modes will not work. So, inorder

in order

> +to make this driver work, it always updates the ecc mode as HW ECC and

ECC mode

> +implemented the page read/write functions for supporting the SW ECC.

implements the

> +
> +HW ECC mode:
> + Upto 2K page size is supported and beyond that it retuns

Up to returns

> +-ENOSUPPORT error. If the flsh has ONDIE ecc controller then the

flash (?) has on-die ECC

> +priority has given to the ONDIE ecc controller. Also the current

is on-die ECC

> +implementation has support for upto 64 byte oob area

up to area.

> +
> +SW ECC mode:
> + It supports all the pgae sizes. But since, zynq soc bootrom uses

Zynq SOC

> +HW ECC for the devices that have pgae size <=2K so, to avoid any ecc related

page <= 2K, to avoid any ECC-related

> +issues during boot, prefer HW ECC over SW ECC.
> +
> +For devicetree binding information please refer the below dt binding file

please refer to the below

> +Documentation/devicetree/bindings/memory-controllers/pl353-smc.txt.
>


--
~Randy

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