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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/4] iio: dac: stm32: add support for waveform generator
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On 05/04/17 17:46, Fabrice Gasnier wrote:
> JonathanOn 04/02/2017 02:19 PM, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
>> On 31/03/17 12:45, Fabrice Gasnier wrote:
>>> STM32 DAC has built-in noise or triangle waveform generator.
>>> Waveform generator requires trigger to be configured.
>>> - "wave" extended attribute selects noise or triangle.
>>> - "mamp" extended attribute selects either LFSR (linear feedback
>>> shift register) mask for noise waveform, OR triangle amplitude.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@st.com>
>>
>> Looks like AN3126 is the relevant doc.
>> (a quick note from this relevant to earlier patches- doc says
>> 1-3 channels - perhaps build that from the start with that
>> possibility in mind).
> Hi Jonathan,
>
> Just to clarify this, some products like STM32F334xx have 3 channels,
> yes. Several STM32 DAC IPs (& so registers) are instantiated: DAC1 have
> two outputs (dac1_out1 & dac1_out2), DAC2 have one output (e.g.
> dac2_out1). Driver can be instantiated several times. Is it ok ?
Sure - I'd missed the complex structure when reading the doc.
>
>>
>> As you probably know, this wanders into a large chunk of 'poorly'
>> defined ABI within IIO as it stands.
>>
>> Note there are a number of waveform generators still in staging.
>> Not a lot of movement on getting them out of staging unfortunately
>> (so far!)
>>
>> However, let us keep those drivers in mind as we work on ABI and
>> I definitely want some input from someone at Analog.
>> Lars, who is best for this? I see at least some of these were
>> originally Michael's work.
>>
>> They do have partial docs under
>> drivers/staging/iio/Documentation/sysfs-bus-iio-dds
>> I'll highlight thoughts from there as I look through this...
>
> Thanks for pointing this out.
>
>>
>>
>>> ---
>>> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-dac-stm32 | 32 ++++++
>>> drivers/iio/dac/stm32-dac.c | 124 ++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> 2 files changed, 156 insertions(+)
>>> create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-dac-stm32
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-dac-stm32 b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-dac-stm32
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..c2432e1
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-dac-stm32
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
>>> +What: /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/wave
>>> +What: /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/wave_available
>> Needs to be channel associated. Whilst in your case you have basically
>> a pair of single channel devices, in more general case, it's not usual
>> to have multiple parallel waveform generators clocked together.
>>
>> Old ABI is:
>> What: /sys/bus/iio/devices/.../out_altvoltageX_outY_wavetype etc
>>
> I'll rework this in V2.
>>
>>> +KernelVersion: 4.12
>>> +Contact: fabrice.gasnier@st.com
>>> +Description:
>>> + List and/or select waveform generation provided by STM32 DAC:
>>> + - "none": (default) means normal DAC operations
>> none kind of hints at nothing coming out. Perhaps 'flat' would be closer?
>> i.e. only changes when someone tells it to.
>>
>>> + - "noise": select noise waveform
>>> + - "triangle": select triangle waveform
>>> + Note: when waveform generator is used, writing _raw sysfs entry
>>> + adds a DC offset to generated waveform. Reading it reports
>>> + current output value.
>> Interesting. This gets fiddly but one option would be to describe the whole
>> device as a dds.
>>
>> Then we have flat type above, combined with an _offset.
>
> I'll update from 'none' to 'flat' in V2, and use _offset.
It's a bit ugly and doesn't generalize well to driving this via DMA for example...

J
>>
>>> +
>>> +What: /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/mamp
>>> +What: /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/mamp_available
>>> +KernelVersion: 4.12
>>> +Contact: fabrice.gasnier@st.com
>>> +Description:
>>> + List and select mask/amplitude used for noise/triangle waveform
>>> + generator, which are:
>>> + - "0": unmask bit 0 of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 1
>>> + - "1": unmask bit [1:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 3
>>> + - "2": unmask bit [2:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 7
>>> + - "3": unmask bit [3:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 15
>>> + - "4": unmask bit [4:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 31
>>> + - "5": unmask bit [5:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 63
>>> + - "6": unmask bit [6:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 127
>>> + - "7": unmask bit [7:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 255
>>> + - "8": unmask bit [8:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 511
>>> + - "9": unmask bit [9:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 1023
>>> + - "10": unmask bit [10:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 2047
>>> + - "11": unmask bit [11:0] of LFSR / triangle amplitude equal to 4095
>> I don't fully understand what is going on here - so I'm guessing somewhat.
> Sorry for this, this is basically amplitude.
>
> I think best is to rename above to something like 'amplitude' and
> 'amplitude_available'.
>
> I'll rework this in V2.
>>
>>
>> Let us try describing these generically. If we define standard 'forms' of each
>> waveform type. Say a 0 to 1 V peak to peak, then we could use _scale to control
>> this nicely.
>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/dac/stm32-dac.c b/drivers/iio/dac/stm32-dac.c
>>> index 62e43e9..d7dda78 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/iio/dac/stm32-dac.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/iio/dac/stm32-dac.c
>>> @@ -41,10 +41,14 @@
>>> /**
>>> * struct stm32_dac - private data of DAC driver
>>> * @common: reference to DAC common data
>>> + * @wave: waveform generator
>>> + * @mamp: waveform mask/amplitude
>>> * @swtrig: Using software trigger
>>> */
>>> struct stm32_dac {
>>> struct stm32_dac_common *common;
>>> + u32 wave;
>>> + u32 mamp;
>>> bool swtrig;
>>> };
>>>
>>> @@ -157,6 +161,24 @@ static int stm32_dac_is_enabled(struct stm32_dac *dac, int channel)
>>> return !!en;
>>> }
>>>
>>> +static int stm32_dac_wavegen(struct stm32_dac *dac, int channel)
>>> +{
>>> + struct regmap *regmap = dac->common->regmap;
>>> + u32 mask, val;
>>> +
>>> + if (channel == STM32_DAC_CHANNEL_1) {
>>> + val = FIELD_PREP(STM32_DAC_CR_WAVE1, dac->wave) |
>>> + FIELD_PREP(STM32_DAC_CR_MAMP1, dac->mamp);
>>> + mask = STM32_DAC_CR_WAVE1 | STM32_DAC_CR_MAMP1;
>>> + } else {
>>> + val = FIELD_PREP(STM32_DAC_CR_WAVE2, dac->wave) |
>>> + FIELD_PREP(STM32_DAC_CR_MAMP2, dac->mamp);
>>> + mask = STM32_DAC_CR_WAVE2 | STM32_DAC_CR_MAMP2;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + return regmap_update_bits(regmap, STM32_DAC_CR, mask, val);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> static int stm32_dac_enable(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, int channel)
>>> {
>>> struct stm32_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>>> @@ -164,6 +186,17 @@ static int stm32_dac_enable(struct iio_dev *indio_dev, int channel)
>>> STM32_DAC_CR_EN1 : STM32_DAC_CR_EN2;
>>> int ret;
>>>
>>> + if (dac->wave && !indio_dev->trig) {
>>> + dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "Wavegen requires a trigger\n");
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + ret = stm32_dac_wavegen(dac, channel);
>>> + if (ret < 0) {
>>> + dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "Wavegen setup failed\n");
>>> + return ret;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> ret = stm32_dac_set_trig(dac, indio_dev->trig, channel);
>>> if (ret < 0) {
>>> dev_err(&indio_dev->dev, "Trigger setup failed\n");
>>> @@ -291,6 +324,96 @@ static int stm32_dac_debugfs_reg_access(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> .driver_module = THIS_MODULE,
>>> };
>>>
>>> +/* waveform generator wave selection */
>>> +static const char * const stm32_dac_wave_desc[] = {
>>> + "none",
>>> + "noise",
>>> + "triangle",
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int stm32_dac_set_wave(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> + const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
>>> + unsigned int type)
>>> +{
>>> + struct stm32_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>>> +
>>> + if (stm32_dac_is_enabled(dac, chan->channel))
>>> + return -EBUSY;
>>> + dac->wave = type;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int stm32_dac_get_wave(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> + const struct iio_chan_spec *chan)
>>> +{
>>> + struct stm32_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>>> +
>>> + return dac->wave;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct iio_enum stm32_dac_wave_enum = {
>>> + .items = stm32_dac_wave_desc,
>>> + .num_items = ARRAY_SIZE(stm32_dac_wave_desc),
>>> + .get = stm32_dac_get_wave,
>>> + .set = stm32_dac_set_wave,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/*
>>> + * waveform generator mask/amplitude selection:
>>> + * - noise: LFSR mask (linear feedback shift register, umasks bit 0, [1:0]...)
>>> + * - triangle: amplitude (equal to 1, 3, 5, 7... 4095)
>>> + */
>>> +static const char * const stm32_dac_mamp_desc[] = {
>>> + "0", "1", "2", "3", "4", "5", "6", "7", "8", "9", "10", "11",
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static int stm32_dac_set_mamp(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> + const struct iio_chan_spec *chan,
>>> + unsigned int type)
>>> +{
>>> + struct stm32_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>>> +
>>> + if (stm32_dac_is_enabled(dac, chan->channel))
>>> + return -EBUSY;
>>> + dac->mamp = type;
>>> +
>>> + return 0;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static int stm32_dac_get_mamp(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> + const struct iio_chan_spec *chan)
>>> +{
>>> + struct stm32_dac *dac = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>>> +
>>> + return dac->mamp;
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static const struct iio_enum stm32_dac_mamp_enum = {
>>> + .items = stm32_dac_mamp_desc,
>>> + .num_items = ARRAY_SIZE(stm32_dac_mamp_desc),
>>> + .get = stm32_dac_get_mamp,
>>> + .set = stm32_dac_set_mamp,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static const struct iio_chan_spec_ext_info stm32_dac_ext_info[] = {
>>> + IIO_ENUM("wave", IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL, &stm32_dac_wave_enum),
>>> + {
>>> + .name = "wave_available",
>>> + .shared = IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL,
>>> + .read = iio_enum_available_read,
>>> + .private = (uintptr_t)&stm32_dac_wave_enum,
>>> + },
>>> + IIO_ENUM("mamp", IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL, &stm32_dac_mamp_enum),
>>> + {
>>> + .name = "mamp_available",
>>> + .shared = IIO_SHARED_BY_ALL,
>>> + .read = iio_enum_available_read,
>>> + .private = (uintptr_t)&stm32_dac_mamp_enum,
>>> + },
>>> + {},
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> #define STM32_DAC_CHANNEL(chan, name) { \
>>> .type = IIO_VOLTAGE, \
>>> .indexed = 1, \
>>> @@ -306,6 +429,7 @@ static int stm32_dac_debugfs_reg_access(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>>> .storagebits = 16, \
>>> }, \
>>> .datasheet_name = name, \
>>> + .ext_info = stm32_dac_ext_info \
>>> }
>>>
>>> static const struct iio_chan_spec stm32_dac_channels[] = {
>>>
>>
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