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SubjectRe: [PATCH 5/6] mm, memory_hotplug: do not associate hotadded memory to zones until online
On 30.03.17, Michal Hocko wrote:
> From: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>
> The current memory hotplug implementation relies on having all the
> struct pages associate with a zone during the physical hotplug phase
> (arch_add_memory->__add_pages->__add_section->__add_zone). In the vast
> majority of cases this means that they are added to ZONE_NORMAL. This
> has been so since 9d99aaa31f59 ("[PATCH] x86_64: Support memory hotadd
> without sparsemem") and it wasn't a big deal back then.
>
> Much later memory hotplug wanted to (ab)use ZONE_MOVABLE for movable
> onlining 511c2aba8f07 ("mm, memory-hotplug: dynamic configure movable
> memory and portion memory") and then things got more complicated. Rather
> than reconsidering the zone association which was no longer needed
> (because the memory hotplug already depended on SPARSEMEM) a convoluted
> semantic of zone shifting has been developed. Only the currently last
> memblock or the one adjacent to the zone_movable can be onlined movable.
> This essentially means that the online time changes as the new memblocks
> are added.
>
> Let's simulate memory hot online manually
> Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Movable Normal
>
> This is an awkward semantic because an udev event is sent as soon as the
> block is onlined and an udev handler might want to online it based on
> some policy (e.g. association with a node) but it will inherently race
> with new blocks showing up.
>
> This patch changes the physical online phase to not associate pages
> with any zone at all. All the pages are just marked reserved and wait
> for the onlining phase to be associated with the zone as per the online
> request. There are only two requirements
> - existing ZONE_NORMAL and ZONE_MOVABLE cannot overlap
> - ZONE_NORMAL precedes ZONE_MOVABLE in physical addresses
> the later on is not inherent and can be changed in the future. It
> preserves the current behavior and made the code slightly simpler. This
> is subject to change in future.
>
> This means that the same physical online steps as above will lead to the
> following state:
> Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Normal Movable
>
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory32/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory33/valid_zones:Normal Movable
> /sys/devices/system/memory/memory34/valid_zones:Movable
>
> Implementation:
> The current move_pfn_range is reimplemented to check the above
> requirements (allow_online_pfn_range) and then updates the respective
> zone (move_pfn_range_to_zone), the pgdat and links all the pages in the
> pfn range with the zone/node. __add_pages is updated to not require the
> zone and only initializes sections in the range. This allowed to
> simplify the arch_add_memory code (s390 could get rid of quite some
> of code).
>
> devm_memremap_pages is the only user of arch_add_memory which relies
> on the zone association because it only hooks into the memory hotplug
> only half way. It uses it to associate the new memory with ZONE_DEVICE
> but doesn't allow it to be {on,off}lined via sysfs. This means that this
> particular code path has to call move_pfn_range_to_zone explicitly.
>
> The original zone shifting code is kept in place and will be removed in
> the follow up patch for an easier review.
>
> Cc: Lai Jiangshan <laijs@cn.fujitsu.com>
> Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@gmail.com>
> Cc: Martin Schwidefsky <schwidefsky@de.ibm.com>
> Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
> Cc: linux-arch@vger.kernel.org
> Signed-off-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
> ---
> arch/ia64/mm/init.c | 8 +-
> arch/powerpc/mm/mem.c | 10 +--
> arch/s390/mm/init.c | 30 +------
> arch/sh/mm/init.c | 7 +-
> arch/x86/mm/init_32.c | 5 +-
> arch/x86/mm/init_64.c | 9 +-
> drivers/base/memory.c | 52 ++++++-----
> include/linux/memory_hotplug.h | 13 +--
> kernel/memremap.c | 3 +
> mm/memory_hotplug.c | 195 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
> mm/sparse.c | 3 +-
> 11 files changed, 165 insertions(+), 170 deletions(-
>

Hi Michal,

building an x86 allmodconfig with next-20170404 results in the following
section mismatch warnings probably caused by this patch:

WARNING: mm/built-in.o(.text+0x5a1c2): Section mismatch in reference from the function move_pfn_range_to_zone() to the function .meminit.text:memmap_init_zone()
The function move_pfn_range_to_zone() references
the function __meminit memmap_init_zone().
This is often because move_pfn_range_to_zone lacks a __meminit
annotation or the annotation of memmap_init_zone is wrong.

WARNING: mm/built-in.o(.text+0x5a25b): Section mismatch in reference from the function move_pfn_range_to_zone() to the function .meminit.text:init_currently_empty_zone()
The function move_pfn_range_to_zone() references
the function __meminit init_currently_empty_zone().
This is often because move_pfn_range_to_zone lacks a __meminit
annotation or the annotation of init_currently_empty_zone is wrong.

WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text+0x188aa2): Section mismatch in reference from the function move_pfn_range_to_zone() to the function .meminit.text:memmap_init_zone()
The function move_pfn_range_to_zone() references
the function __meminit memmap_init_zone().
This is often because move_pfn_range_to_zone lacks a __meminit
annotation or the annotation of memmap_init_zone is wrong.

WARNING: vmlinux.o(.text+0x188b3b): Section mismatch in reference from the function move_pfn_range_to_zone() to the function .meminit.text:init_currently_empty_zone()
The function move_pfn_range_to_zone() references
the function __meminit init_currently_empty_zone().
This is often because move_pfn_range_to_zone lacks a __meminit
annotation or the annotation of init_currently_empty_zone is wrong.

--
Tobias

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