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SubjectRe: [PATCH V6] perf: qcom: Add L3 cache PMU driver
On Fri, Mar 31, 2017 at 02:13:43PM -0400, Agustin Vega-Frias wrote:
> This adds a new dynamic PMU to the Perf Events framework to program
> and control the L3 cache PMUs in some Qualcomm Technologies SOCs.
>
> The driver supports a distributed cache architecture where the overall
> cache for a socket is comprised of multiple slices each with its own PMU.
> Access to each individual PMU is provided even though all CPUs share all
> the slices. User space needs to aggregate to individual counts to provide
> a global picture.
>
> The driver exports formatting and event information to sysfs so it can
> be used by the perf user space tools with the syntaxes:
> perf stat -a -e l3cache_0_0/read-miss/
> perf stat -a -e l3cache_0_0/event=0x21/
>
> Signed-off-by: Agustin Vega-Frias <agustinv@codeaurora.org>

This looks good to me; Will and I should be able to pick this up
shortly.

Acked-by: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>

Mark.

> ---
> Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt | 25 ++
> drivers/perf/Kconfig | 10 +
> drivers/perf/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.c | 850 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/cpuhotplug.h | 1 +
> 5 files changed, 887 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt
> create mode 100644 drivers/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.c
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt b/Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..96b3a94
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt
> @@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
> +Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies L3 Cache Performance Monitoring Unit (PMU)
> +===========================================================================
> +
> +This driver supports the L3 cache PMUs found in Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies
> +Centriq SoCs. The L3 cache on these SOCs is composed of multiple slices, shared
> +by all cores within a socket. Each slice is exposed as a separate uncore perf
> +PMU with device name l3cache_<socket>_<instance>. User space is responsible
> +for aggregating across slices.
> +
> +The driver provides a description of its available events and configuration
> +options in sysfs, see /sys/devices/l3cache*. Given that these are uncore PMUs
> +the driver also exposes a "cpumask" sysfs attribute which contains a mask
> +consisting of one CPU per socket which will be used to handle all the PMU
> +events on that socket.
> +
> +The hardware implements 32bit event counters and has a flat 8bit event space
> +exposed via the "event" format attribute. In addition to the 32bit physical
> +counters the driver supports virtual 64bit hardware counters by using hardware
> +counter chaining. This feature is exposed via the "lc" (long counter) format
> +flag. E.g.:
> +
> + perf stat -e l3cache_0_0/read-miss,lc/
> +
> +Given that these are uncore PMUs the driver does not support sampling, therefore
> +"perf record" will not work. Per-task perf sessions are not supported.
> diff --git a/drivers/perf/Kconfig b/drivers/perf/Kconfig
> index 9365190..c436e0d 100644
> --- a/drivers/perf/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/perf/Kconfig
> @@ -21,6 +21,16 @@ config QCOM_L2_PMU
> Adds the L2 cache PMU into the perf events subsystem for
> monitoring L2 cache events.
>
> +config QCOM_L3_PMU
> + bool "Qualcomm Technologies L3-cache PMU"
> + depends on ARCH_QCOM && ARM64 && PERF_EVENTS && ACPI
> + select QCOM_IRQ_COMBINER
> + help
> + Provides support for the L3 cache performance monitor unit (PMU)
> + in Qualcomm Technologies processors.
> + Adds the L3 cache PMU into the perf events subsystem for
> + monitoring L3 cache events.
> +
> config XGENE_PMU
> depends on PERF_EVENTS && ARCH_XGENE
> bool "APM X-Gene SoC PMU"
> diff --git a/drivers/perf/Makefile b/drivers/perf/Makefile
> index ef24833..ef0c6b2 100644
> --- a/drivers/perf/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/perf/Makefile
> @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
> obj-$(CONFIG_ARM_PMU) += arm_pmu.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_L2_PMU) += qcom_l2_pmu.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_QCOM_L3_PMU) += qcom_l3_pmu.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_XGENE_PMU) += xgene_pmu.o
> diff --git a/drivers/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.c b/drivers/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..0e6b2a7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,850 @@
> +/*
> + * Driver for the L3 cache PMUs in Qualcomm Technologies chips.
> + *
> + * The driver supports a distributed cache architecture where the overall
> + * cache for a socket is comprised of multiple slices each with its own PMU.
> + * Access to each individual PMU is provided even though all CPUs share all
> + * the slices. User space needs to aggregate to individual counts to provide
> + * a global picture.
> + *
> + * See Documentation/perf/qcom_l3_pmu.txt for more details.
> + *
> + * Copyright (c) 2015-2017, The Linux Foundation. All rights reserved.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 and
> + * only version 2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/acpi.h>
> +#include <linux/bitops.h>
> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> +#include <linux/io.h>
> +#include <linux/list.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/perf_event.h>
> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> +
> +/*
> + * General constants
> + */
> +
> +/* Number of counters on each PMU */
> +#define L3_NUM_COUNTERS 8
> +/* Mask for the event type field within perf_event_attr.config and EVTYPE reg */
> +#define L3_EVTYPE_MASK 0xFF
> +/*
> + * Bit position of the 'long counter' flag within perf_event_attr.config.
> + * Reserve some space between the event type and this flag to allow expansion
> + * in the event type field.
> + */
> +#define L3_EVENT_LC_BIT 32
> +
> +/*
> + * Register offsets
> + */
> +
> +/* Perfmon registers */
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_CR 0x000
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(__cntr) (0x420 + ((__cntr) & 0x7) * 8)
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTL(__cntr) (0x120 + ((__cntr) & 0x7) * 8)
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPE(__cntr) (0x220 + ((__cntr) & 0x7) * 8)
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRA 0x300
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRB 0x308
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRC 0x310
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRAM 0x304
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRBM 0x30C
> +#define L3_HML3_PM_FILTRCM 0x314
> +
> +/* Basic counter registers */
> +#define L3_M_BC_CR 0x500
> +#define L3_M_BC_SATROLL_CR 0x504
> +#define L3_M_BC_CNTENSET 0x508
> +#define L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR 0x50C
> +#define L3_M_BC_INTENSET 0x510
> +#define L3_M_BC_INTENCLR 0x514
> +#define L3_M_BC_GANG 0x718
> +#define L3_M_BC_OVSR 0x740
> +#define L3_M_BC_IRQCTL 0x96C
> +
> +/*
> + * Bit field definitions
> + */
> +
> +/* L3_HML3_PM_CR */
> +#define PM_CR_RESET (0)
> +
> +/* L3_HML3_PM_XCNTCTL/L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTLx */
> +#define PMCNT_RESET (0)
> +
> +/* L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPEx */
> +#define EVSEL(__val) ((__val) & L3_EVTYPE_MASK)
> +
> +/* Reset value for all the filter registers */
> +#define PM_FLTR_RESET (0)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_CR */
> +#define BC_RESET (1UL << 1)
> +#define BC_ENABLE (1UL << 0)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_SATROLL_CR */
> +#define BC_SATROLL_CR_RESET (0)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_CNTENSET */
> +#define PMCNTENSET(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR */
> +#define PMCNTENCLR(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +#define BC_CNTENCLR_RESET (0xFF)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_INTENSET */
> +#define PMINTENSET(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_INTENCLR */
> +#define PMINTENCLR(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +#define BC_INTENCLR_RESET (0xFF)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_GANG */
> +#define GANG_EN(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +#define BC_GANG_RESET (0)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_OVSR */
> +#define PMOVSRCLR(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +#define PMOVSRCLR_RESET (0xFF)
> +
> +/* L3_M_BC_IRQCTL */
> +#define PMIRQONMSBEN(__cntr) (1UL << ((__cntr) & 0x7))
> +#define BC_IRQCTL_RESET (0x0)
> +
> +/*
> + * Events
> + */
> +
> +#define L3_EVENT_CYCLES 0x01
> +#define L3_EVENT_READ_HIT 0x20
> +#define L3_EVENT_READ_MISS 0x21
> +#define L3_EVENT_READ_HIT_D 0x22
> +#define L3_EVENT_READ_MISS_D 0x23
> +#define L3_EVENT_WRITE_HIT 0x24
> +#define L3_EVENT_WRITE_MISS 0x25
> +
> +/*
> + * Decoding of settings from perf_event_attr
> + *
> + * The config format for perf events is:
> + * - config: bits 0-7: event type
> + * bit 32: HW counter size requested, 0: 32 bits, 1: 64 bits
> + */
> +
> +static inline u32 get_event_type(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + return (event->attr.config) & L3_EVTYPE_MASK;
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool event_uses_long_counter(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + return !!(event->attr.config & BIT_ULL(L3_EVENT_LC_BIT));
> +}
> +
> +static inline int event_num_counters(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + return event_uses_long_counter(event) ? 2 : 1;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Main PMU, inherits from the core perf PMU type
> + */
> +struct l3cache_pmu {
> + struct pmu pmu;
> + struct hlist_node node;
> + void __iomem *regs;
> + struct perf_event *events[L3_NUM_COUNTERS];
> + unsigned long used_mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(L3_NUM_COUNTERS)];
> + cpumask_t cpumask;
> +};
> +
> +#define to_l3cache_pmu(p) (container_of(p, struct l3cache_pmu, pmu))
> +
> +/*
> + * Type used to group hardware counter operations
> + *
> + * Used to implement two types of hardware counters, standard (32bits) and
> + * long (64bits). The hardware supports counter chaining which we use to
> + * implement long counters. This support is exposed via the 'lc' flag field
> + * in perf_event_attr.config.
> + */
> +struct l3cache_event_ops {
> + /* Called to start event monitoring */
> + void (*start)(struct perf_event *event);
> + /* Called to stop event monitoring */
> + void (*stop)(struct perf_event *event, int flags);
> + /* Called to update the perf_event */
> + void (*update)(struct perf_event *event);
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Implementation of long counter operations
> + *
> + * 64bit counters are implemented by chaining two of the 32bit physical
> + * counters. The PMU only supports chaining of adjacent even/odd pairs
> + * and for simplicity the driver always configures the odd counter to
> + * count the overflows of the lower-numbered even counter. Note that since
> + * the resulting hardware counter is 64bits no IRQs are required to maintain
> + * the software counter which is also 64bits.
> + */
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_start(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 evsel = get_event_type(event);
> + u32 gang;
> +
> + /* Set the odd counter to count the overflows of the even counter */
> + gang = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_GANG);
> + gang |= GANG_EN(idx + 1);
> + writel_relaxed(gang, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_GANG);
> +
> + /* Initialize the hardware counters and reset prev_count*/
> + local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, 0);
> + writel_relaxed(0, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx + 1));
> + writel_relaxed(0, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx));
> +
> + /*
> + * Set the event types, the upper half must use zero and the lower
> + * half the actual event type
> + */
> + writel_relaxed(EVSEL(0), l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPE(idx + 1));
> + writel_relaxed(EVSEL(evsel), l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPE(idx));
> +
> + /* Finally, enable the counters */
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNT_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTL(idx + 1));
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENSET(idx + 1), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENSET);
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNT_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTL(idx));
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENSET(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENSET);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_stop(struct perf_event *event,
> + int flags)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 gang = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_GANG);
> +
> + /* Disable the counters */
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENCLR(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR);
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENCLR(idx + 1), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR);
> +
> + /* Disable chaining */
> + writel_relaxed(gang & ~GANG_EN(idx + 1), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_GANG);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_update(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 hi, lo;
> + u64 prev, new;
> +
> + do {
> + prev = local64_read(&event->hw.prev_count);
> + do {
> + hi = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx + 1));
> + lo = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx));
> + } while (hi != readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx + 1)));
> + new = ((u64)hi << 32) | lo;
> + } while (local64_cmpxchg(&event->hw.prev_count, prev, new) != prev);
> +
> + local64_add(new - prev, &event->count);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct l3cache_event_ops event_ops_long = {
> + .start = qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_start,
> + .stop = qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_stop,
> + .update = qcom_l3_cache__64bit_counter_update,
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Implementation of standard counter operations
> + *
> + * 32bit counters use a single physical counter and a hardware feature that
> + * asserts the overflow IRQ on the toggling of the most significant bit in
> + * the counter. This feature allows the counters to be left free-running
> + * without needing the usual reprogramming required to properly handle races
> + * during concurrent calls to update.
> + */
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_start(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 evsel = get_event_type(event);
> + u32 irqctl = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_IRQCTL);
> +
> + /* Set the counter to assert the overflow IRQ on MSB toggling */
> + writel_relaxed(irqctl | PMIRQONMSBEN(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_IRQCTL);
> +
> + /* Initialize the hardware counter and reset prev_count*/
> + local64_set(&event->hw.prev_count, 0);
> + writel_relaxed(0, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx));
> +
> + /* Set the event type */
> + writel_relaxed(EVSEL(evsel), l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPE(idx));
> +
> + /* Enable interrupt generation by this counter */
> + writel_relaxed(PMINTENSET(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_INTENSET);
> +
> + /* Finally, enable the counter */
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNT_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTL(idx));
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENSET(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENSET);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_stop(struct perf_event *event,
> + int flags)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 irqctl = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_IRQCTL);
> +
> + /* Disable the counter */
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNTENCLR(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR);
> +
> + /* Disable interrupt generation by this counter */
> + writel_relaxed(PMINTENCLR(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_INTENCLR);
> +
> + /* Set the counter to not assert the overflow IRQ on MSB toggling */
> + writel_relaxed(irqctl & ~PMIRQONMSBEN(idx), l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_IRQCTL);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_update(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + int idx = event->hw.idx;
> + u32 prev, new;
> +
> + do {
> + prev = local64_read(&event->hw.prev_count);
> + new = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVCNTR(idx));
> + } while (local64_cmpxchg(&event->hw.prev_count, prev, new) != prev);
> +
> + local64_add(new - prev, &event->count);
> +}
> +
> +static const struct l3cache_event_ops event_ops_std = {
> + .start = qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_start,
> + .stop = qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_stop,
> + .update = qcom_l3_cache__32bit_counter_update,
> +};
> +
> +/* Retrieve the appropriate operations for the given event */
> +static
> +const struct l3cache_event_ops *l3cache_event_get_ops(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + if (event_uses_long_counter(event))
> + return &event_ops_long;
> + else
> + return &event_ops_std;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Top level PMU functions.
> + */
> +
> +static inline void qcom_l3_cache__init(struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu)
> +{
> + int i;
> +
> + writel_relaxed(BC_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CR);
> +
> + /*
> + * Use writel for the first programming command to ensure the basic
> + * counter unit is stopped before proceeding
> + */
> + writel(BC_SATROLL_CR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_SATROLL_CR);
> +
> + writel_relaxed(BC_CNTENCLR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CNTENCLR);
> + writel_relaxed(BC_INTENCLR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_INTENCLR);
> + writel_relaxed(PMOVSRCLR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_OVSR);
> + writel_relaxed(BC_GANG_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_GANG);
> + writel_relaxed(BC_IRQCTL_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_IRQCTL);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_CR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_CR);
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < L3_NUM_COUNTERS; ++i) {
> + writel_relaxed(PMCNT_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_CNTCTL(i));
> + writel_relaxed(EVSEL(0), l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_EVTYPE(i));
> + }
> +
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRA);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRAM);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRB);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRBM);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRC);
> + writel_relaxed(PM_FLTR_RESET, l3pmu->regs + L3_HML3_PM_FILTRCM);
> +
> + /*
> + * Use writel here to ensure all programming commands are done
> + * before proceeding
> + */
> + writel(BC_ENABLE, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CR);
> +}
> +
> +static irqreturn_t qcom_l3_cache__handle_irq(int irq_num, void *data)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = data;
> + /* Read the overflow status register */
> + long status = readl_relaxed(l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_OVSR);
> + int idx;
> +
> + if (status == 0)
> + return IRQ_NONE;
> +
> + /* Clear the bits we read on the overflow status register */
> + writel_relaxed(status, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_OVSR);
> +
> + for_each_set_bit(idx, &status, L3_NUM_COUNTERS) {
> + struct perf_event *event;
> + const struct l3cache_event_ops *ops;
> +
> + event = l3pmu->events[idx];
> + if (!event)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * Since the IRQ is not enabled for events using long counters
> + * we should never see one of those here, however, be consistent
> + * and use the ops indirections like in the other operations.
> + */
> +
> + ops = l3cache_event_get_ops(event);
> + ops->update(event);
> + }
> +
> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Implementation of abstract pmu functionality required by
> + * the core perf events code.
> + */
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__pmu_enable(struct pmu *pmu)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(pmu);
> +
> + /* Ensure the other programming commands are observed before enabling */
> + wmb();
> +
> + writel_relaxed(BC_ENABLE, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CR);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__pmu_disable(struct pmu *pmu)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(pmu);
> +
> + writel_relaxed(0, l3pmu->regs + L3_M_BC_CR);
> +
> + /* Ensure the basic counter unit is stopped before proceeding */
> + wmb();
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * We must NOT create groups containing events from multiple hardware PMUs,
> + * although mixing different software and hardware PMUs is allowed.
> + */
> +static bool qcom_l3_cache__validate_event_group(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct perf_event *leader = event->group_leader;
> + struct perf_event *sibling;
> + int counters = 0;
> +
> + if (leader->pmu != event->pmu && !is_software_event(leader))
> + return false;
> +
> + counters = event_num_counters(event);
> + counters += event_num_counters(leader);
> +
> + list_for_each_entry(sibling, &leader->sibling_list, group_entry) {
> + if (is_software_event(sibling))
> + continue;
> + if (sibling->pmu != event->pmu)
> + return false;
> + counters += event_num_counters(sibling);
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * If the group requires more counters than the HW has, it
> + * cannot ever be scheduled.
> + */
> + return counters <= L3_NUM_COUNTERS;
> +}
> +
> +static int qcom_l3_cache__event_init(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> +
> + /*
> + * Is the event for this PMU?
> + */
> + if (event->attr.type != event->pmu->type)
> + return -ENOENT;
> +
> + /*
> + * There are no per-counter mode filters in the PMU.
> + */
> + if (event->attr.exclude_user || event->attr.exclude_kernel ||
> + event->attr.exclude_hv || event->attr.exclude_idle)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Sampling not supported since these events are not core-attributable.
> + */
> + if (hwc->sample_period)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Task mode not available, we run the counters as socket counters,
> + * not attributable to any CPU and therefore cannot attribute per-task.
> + */
> + if (event->cpu < 0)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /* Validate the group */
> + if (!qcom_l3_cache__validate_event_group(event))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + hwc->idx = -1;
> +
> + /*
> + * Many perf core operations (eg. events rotation) operate on a
> + * single CPU context. This is obvious for CPU PMUs, where one
> + * expects the same sets of events being observed on all CPUs,
> + * but can lead to issues for off-core PMUs, like this one, where
> + * each event could be theoretically assigned to a different CPU.
> + * To mitigate this, we enforce CPU assignment to one designated
> + * processor (the one described in the "cpumask" attribute exported
> + * by the PMU device). perf user space tools honor this and avoid
> + * opening more than one copy of the events.
> + */
> + event->cpu = cpumask_first(&l3pmu->cpumask);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__event_start(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + const struct l3cache_event_ops *ops = l3cache_event_get_ops(event);
> +
> + hwc->state = 0;
> + ops->start(event);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__event_stop(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + const struct l3cache_event_ops *ops = l3cache_event_get_ops(event);
> +
> + if (hwc->state & PERF_HES_STOPPED)
> + return;
> +
> + ops->stop(event, flags);
> + if (flags & PERF_EF_UPDATE)
> + ops->update(event);
> + hwc->state |= PERF_HES_STOPPED | PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
> +}
> +
> +static int qcom_l3_cache__event_add(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + int order = event_uses_long_counter(event) ? 1 : 0;
> + int idx;
> +
> + /*
> + * Try to allocate a counter.
> + */
> + idx = bitmap_find_free_region(l3pmu->used_mask, L3_NUM_COUNTERS, order);
> + if (idx < 0)
> + /* The counters are all in use. */
> + return -EAGAIN;
> +
> + hwc->idx = idx;
> + hwc->state = PERF_HES_STOPPED | PERF_HES_UPTODATE;
> + l3pmu->events[idx] = event;
> +
> + if (flags & PERF_EF_START)
> + qcom_l3_cache__event_start(event, 0);
> +
> + /* Propagate changes to the userspace mapping. */
> + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__event_del(struct perf_event *event, int flags)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(event->pmu);
> + struct hw_perf_event *hwc = &event->hw;
> + int order = event_uses_long_counter(event) ? 1 : 0;
> +
> + /* Stop and clean up */
> + qcom_l3_cache__event_stop(event, flags | PERF_EF_UPDATE);
> + l3pmu->events[hwc->idx] = NULL;
> + bitmap_release_region(l3pmu->used_mask, hwc->idx, order);
> +
> + /* Propagate changes to the userspace mapping. */
> + perf_event_update_userpage(event);
> +}
> +
> +static void qcom_l3_cache__event_read(struct perf_event *event)
> +{
> + const struct l3cache_event_ops *ops = l3cache_event_get_ops(event);
> +
> + ops->update(event);
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Add sysfs attributes
> + *
> + * We export:
> + * - formats, used by perf user space and other tools to configure events
> + * - events, used by perf user space and other tools to create events
> + * symbolically, e.g.:
> + * perf stat -a -e l3cache_0_0/event=read-miss/ ls
> + * perf stat -a -e l3cache_0_0/event=0x21/ ls
> + * - cpumask, used by perf user space and other tools to know on which CPUs
> + * to open the events
> + */
> +
> +/* formats */
> +
> +static ssize_t l3cache_pmu_format_show(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> + struct dev_ext_attribute *eattr;
> +
> + eattr = container_of(attr, struct dev_ext_attribute, attr);
> + return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", (char *) eattr->var);
> +}
> +
> +#define L3CACHE_PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(_name, _config) \
> + (&((struct dev_ext_attribute[]) { \
> + { .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, l3cache_pmu_format_show, NULL), \
> + .var = (void *) _config, } \
> + })[0].attr.attr)
> +
> +static struct attribute *qcom_l3_cache_pmu_formats[] = {
> + L3CACHE_PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(event, "config:0-7"),
> + L3CACHE_PMU_FORMAT_ATTR(lc, "config:" __stringify(L3_EVENT_LC_BIT)),
> + NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group qcom_l3_cache_pmu_format_group = {
> + .name = "format",
> + .attrs = qcom_l3_cache_pmu_formats,
> +};
> +
> +/* events */
> +
> +ssize_t l3cache_pmu_event_show(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr, char *page)
> +{
> + struct perf_pmu_events_attr *pmu_attr;
> +
> + pmu_attr = container_of(attr, struct perf_pmu_events_attr, attr);
> + return sprintf(page, "event=0x%02llx\n", pmu_attr->id);
> +}
> +
> +#define L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(_name, _id) \
> + (&((struct perf_pmu_events_attr[]) { \
> + { .attr = __ATTR(_name, 0444, l3cache_pmu_event_show, NULL), \
> + .id = _id, } \
> + })[0].attr.attr)
> +
> +static struct attribute *qcom_l3_cache_pmu_events[] = {
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(cycles, L3_EVENT_CYCLES),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(read-hit, L3_EVENT_READ_HIT),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(read-miss, L3_EVENT_READ_MISS),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(read-hit-d-side, L3_EVENT_READ_HIT_D),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(read-miss-d-side, L3_EVENT_READ_MISS_D),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(write-hit, L3_EVENT_WRITE_HIT),
> + L3CACHE_EVENT_ATTR(write-miss, L3_EVENT_WRITE_MISS),
> + NULL
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group qcom_l3_cache_pmu_events_group = {
> + .name = "events",
> + .attrs = qcom_l3_cache_pmu_events,
> +};
> +
> +/* cpumask */
> +
> +static ssize_t qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_show(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = to_l3cache_pmu(dev_get_drvdata(dev));
> +
> + return cpumap_print_to_pagebuf(true, buf, &l3pmu->cpumask);
> +}
> +
> +static DEVICE_ATTR(cpumask, 0444, qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_show, NULL);
> +
> +static struct attribute *qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_attrs[] = {
> + &dev_attr_cpumask.attr,
> + NULL,
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_attr_group = {
> + .attrs = qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_attrs,
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Per PMU device attribute groups
> + */
> +static const struct attribute_group *qcom_l3_cache_pmu_attr_grps[] = {
> + &qcom_l3_cache_pmu_format_group,
> + &qcom_l3_cache_pmu_events_group,
> + &qcom_l3_cache_pmu_cpumask_attr_group,
> + NULL,
> +};
> +
> +/*
> + * Probing functions and data.
> + */
> +
> +static int qcom_l3_cache_pmu_online_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = hlist_entry_safe(node, struct l3cache_pmu, node);
> +
> + /* If there is not a CPU/PMU association pick this CPU */
> + if (cpumask_empty(&l3pmu->cpumask))
> + cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, &l3pmu->cpumask);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int qcom_l3_cache_pmu_offline_cpu(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu = hlist_entry_safe(node, struct l3cache_pmu, node);
> + unsigned int target;
> +
> + if (!cpumask_test_and_clear_cpu(cpu, &l3pmu->cpumask))
> + return 0;
> + target = cpumask_any_but(cpu_online_mask, cpu);
> + if (target >= nr_cpu_ids)
> + return 0;
> + perf_pmu_migrate_context(&l3pmu->pmu, cpu, target);
> + cpumask_set_cpu(target, &l3pmu->cpumask);
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static int qcom_l3_cache_pmu_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> +{
> + struct l3cache_pmu *l3pmu;
> + struct acpi_device *acpi_dev;
> + struct resource *memrc;
> + int ret;
> + char *name;
> +
> + /* Initialize the PMU data structures */
> +
> + acpi_dev = ACPI_COMPANION(&pdev->dev);
> + if (!acpi_dev)
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + l3pmu = devm_kzalloc(&pdev->dev, sizeof(*l3pmu), GFP_KERNEL);
> + name = devm_kasprintf(&pdev->dev, GFP_KERNEL, "l3cache_%s_%s",
> + acpi_dev->parent->pnp.unique_id, acpi_dev->pnp.unique_id);
> + if (!l3pmu || !name)
> + return -ENOMEM;
> +
> + l3pmu->pmu = (struct pmu) {
> + .task_ctx_nr = perf_invalid_context,
> +
> + .pmu_enable = qcom_l3_cache__pmu_enable,
> + .pmu_disable = qcom_l3_cache__pmu_disable,
> + .event_init = qcom_l3_cache__event_init,
> + .add = qcom_l3_cache__event_add,
> + .del = qcom_l3_cache__event_del,
> + .start = qcom_l3_cache__event_start,
> + .stop = qcom_l3_cache__event_stop,
> + .read = qcom_l3_cache__event_read,
> +
> + .attr_groups = qcom_l3_cache_pmu_attr_grps,
> + };
> +
> + memrc = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
> + l3pmu->regs = devm_ioremap_resource(&pdev->dev, memrc);
> + if (IS_ERR(l3pmu->regs)) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Can't map PMU @%pa\n", &memrc->start);
> + return PTR_ERR(l3pmu->regs);
> + }
> +
> + qcom_l3_cache__init(l3pmu);
> +
> + ret = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
> + if (ret <= 0)
> + return ret;
> +
> + ret = devm_request_irq(&pdev->dev, ret, qcom_l3_cache__handle_irq, 0,
> + name, l3pmu);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Request for IRQ failed for slice @%pa\n",
> + &memrc->start);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + /* Add this instance to the list used by the offline callback */
> + ret = cpuhp_state_add_instance(CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L3_ONLINE, &l3pmu->node);
> + if (ret) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Error %d registering hotplug", ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ret = perf_pmu_register(&l3pmu->pmu, name, -1);
> + if (ret < 0) {
> + dev_err(&pdev->dev, "Failed to register L3 cache PMU (%d)\n", ret);
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + dev_info(&pdev->dev, "Registered %s, type: %d\n", name, l3pmu->pmu.type);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static const struct acpi_device_id qcom_l3_cache_pmu_acpi_match[] = {
> + { "QCOM8081", },
> + { }
> +};
> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(acpi, qcom_l3_cache_pmu_acpi_match);
> +
> +static struct platform_driver qcom_l3_cache_pmu_driver = {
> + .driver = {
> + .name = "qcom-l3cache-pmu",
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .acpi_match_table = ACPI_PTR(qcom_l3_cache_pmu_acpi_match),
> + },
> + .probe = qcom_l3_cache_pmu_probe,
> +};
> +
> +static int __init register_qcom_l3_cache_pmu_driver(void)
> +{
> + int ret;
> +
> + /* Install a hook to update the reader CPU in case it goes offline */
> + ret = cpuhp_setup_state_multi(CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L3_ONLINE,
> + "perf/qcom/l3cache:online",
> + qcom_l3_cache_pmu_online_cpu,
> + qcom_l3_cache_pmu_offline_cpu);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return platform_driver_register(&qcom_l3_cache_pmu_driver);
> +}
> +device_initcall(register_qcom_l3_cache_pmu_driver);
> diff --git a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> index 62d240e..cfcfab3 100644
> --- a/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> +++ b/include/linux/cpuhotplug.h
> @@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ enum cpuhp_state {
> CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_CCN_ONLINE,
> CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_L2X0_ONLINE,
> CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L2_ONLINE,
> + CPUHP_AP_PERF_ARM_QCOM_L3_ONLINE,
> CPUHP_AP_WORKQUEUE_ONLINE,
> CPUHP_AP_RCUTREE_ONLINE,
> CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN,
> --
> Qualcomm Datacenter Technologies, Inc. on behalf of the Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
> Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. is a member of the Code Aurora Forum, a Linux Foundation Collaborative Project.
>

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