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Subjectrcu: WARNING in rcu_seq_end
Hello,

Paul, you wanted bugs in rcu.

I've got this WARNING while running syzkaller fuzzer on
86292b33d4b79ee03e2f43ea0381ef85f077c760:

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 0 PID: 4832 at kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
rcu_seq_end+0x110/0x140 kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
Kernel panic - not syncing: panic_on_warn set ...
CPU: 0 PID: 4832 Comm: kworker/0:3 Not tainted 4.10.0+ #276
Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
Workqueue: events wait_rcu_exp_gp
Call Trace:
__dump_stack lib/dump_stack.c:15 [inline]
dump_stack+0x2ee/0x3ef lib/dump_stack.c:51
panic+0x1fb/0x412 kernel/panic.c:179
__warn+0x1c4/0x1e0 kernel/panic.c:540
warn_slowpath_null+0x2c/0x40 kernel/panic.c:583
rcu_seq_end+0x110/0x140 kernel/rcu/tree.c:3533
rcu_exp_gp_seq_end kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:36 [inline]
rcu_exp_wait_wake+0x8a9/0x1330 kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:517
rcu_exp_sel_wait_wake kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:559 [inline]
wait_rcu_exp_gp+0x83/0xc0 kernel/rcu/tree_exp.h:570
process_one_work+0xc06/0x1c20 kernel/workqueue.c:2096
worker_thread+0x223/0x19c0 kernel/workqueue.c:2230
kthread+0x326/0x3f0 kernel/kthread.c:227
ret_from_fork+0x31/0x40 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:430
Dumping ftrace buffer:
(ftrace buffer empty)
Kernel Offset: disabled
Rebooting in 86400 seconds..


Not reproducible. But looking at the code, shouldn't it be:

static void rcu_seq_end(unsigned long *sp)
{
smp_mb(); /* Ensure update-side operation before counter increment. */
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(!(*sp & 0x1));
WRITE_ONCE(*sp, *sp + 1);
- WARN_ON_ONCE(*sp & 0x1);
}

?

Otherwise wait_event in _synchronize_rcu_expedited can return as soon
as WRITE_ONCE(*sp, *sp + 1) finishes. As far as I understand this
consequently can allow start of next grace periods. Which in turn can
make the warning fire. Am I missing something?

I don't see any other bad consequences of this. The rest of
rcu_exp_wait_wake can proceed when _synchronize_rcu_expedited has
returned and destroyed work on stack and next period has started and
ended, but it seems OK.

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