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SubjectRe: [Regression] Changes to i2c-piix4.c initialisation prevent loading of sp5100_tco watchdog driver on AMD SB800 chipset
From
Date
Dear Wolfram,


Thank you for the reply, which we talked about briefly at the
Chemnitzer LinuxTage.


Am Freitag, den 03.03.2017, 11:17 +0100 schrieb Wolfram Sang:
> > Unfortunately, commit 2fee61d22e (i2c: piix4: Add support for
> > multiplexed main adapter in SB800) [1] caused a regression. Tim
> > reported that to the Linux Kernel Bugtracker as bug #170741 last
> > September [2], but it looks like the affected subsystems don’t use it.
>
> Jean Delvare pointed out this issue amongst others[1] last year already.
> Let me quote:
>
> ===
>
> 5* The I/O ports used for SMBus configuration and port switching are
> also needed by a watchdog driver, sp5100_tco. Both drivers request the
> region, so the first one wins, and the other driver can't be loaded.
> sp5100_tco was there first, so the changes done to the i2c-piix4 driver
> recently will cause a regression for some users by preventing them
> from using the sp5100_tco and i2c-piix4 drivers at the same time. In
> the long run I guess we will need a helper module to handle this shared
> resource. Unless IORESOURCE_MUXED can be used for that. Either way,
> that's more work than I can put into this before kernel v4.5 is
> released. For the time being, I think we should simply make it
> non-fatal if the I/O ports can't be requested, and continue without
> multiplexing (as before.)
>
> ===
>
> Seems nobody had the resources, so far.

I still don’t understand, why Jean then not immediately reverted the
commit to adhere to the Linux Kernel’s no-regression-policy.

> I don't have the HW and not much experience with non-embedded
> platforms. I wonder, though, if we really need to convert the drivers
> to MFD ones, or if we could use the simpler MFD_SYSCON mechanism
> which helps in exactly such cases for embedded platforms. But I am
> really lacking details here and am afraid this is probably all the
> input I can give currently.

Zoltan stepped up, and uploaded a patch for review to the Kernel.org
Bugzilla [2], also attached to this message.

Christian, Tim, and Nehal could you please test and review it?


Thanks,

Paul


> [1] http://www.spinics.net/lists/linux-i2c/msg23437.html
[2] https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=170741From: Zoltán Böszörményi <zboszor@pr.hu>
Date: Tue Mar 28 14:53:07 2017 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] watchdog/sp5100_tco: Coexist with i2c-piix

Currently, the kernel says this when i2c-piix loads before sp5100_tco:

sp5100_tco: SP5100/SB800 TCO WatchDog Timer Driver v0.05
sp5100_tco: PCI Vendor ID: 0x1002, Device ID: 0x4385, Revision ID: 0x42
sp5100_tco: I/O address 0x0cd6 already in use

Both i2c-piix4 and sp5100_tco uses a static request_region() call
so it depends on the load order which one wins.

i2c-piix4 uses a mutex to protect I/O port accesses to the pair of
I/O ports. Replace this mutex lock / unlock with request_muxed_region()
and release_region() around the I/O port accesses in i2c-piix4.

Add request_muxed_region() / release_region() pairs around the I/O
accesses in sp5100_tco.

This will act as a cross-driver mutex.

Signed-off-by: Zoltán Böszörményi <zboszor@pr.hu>

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-piix4.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-piix4.c
index c21ca7b..16befdd5 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-piix4.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-piix4.c
@@ -40,7 +40,6 @@
#include <linux/dmi.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
-#include <linux/mutex.h>


/* PIIX4 SMBus address offsets */
@@ -144,10 +143,9 @@ static const struct dmi_system_id piix4_dmi_ibm[] = {

/*
* SB800 globals
- * piix4_mutex_sb800 protects piix4_port_sel_sb800 and the pair
- * of I/O ports at SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX.
+ * the pair of I/O ports at SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX are protected
+ * by request_muxed_region / release_region
*/
-static DEFINE_MUTEX(piix4_mutex_sb800);
static u8 piix4_port_sel_sb800;
static const char *piix4_main_port_names_sb800[PIIX4_MAX_ADAPTERS] = {
" port 0", " port 2", " port 3", " port 4"
@@ -157,8 +155,6 @@ static const char *piix4_aux_port_name_sb800 = " port 1";
struct i2c_piix4_adapdata {
unsigned short smba;

- /* SB800 */
- bool sb800_main;
u8 port; /* Port number, shifted */
};

@@ -261,6 +257,14 @@ static int piix4_setup(struct pci_dev *PIIX4_dev,
return piix4_smba;
}

+static inline void enter_sb800(void) {
+ request_muxed_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2, "smba_idx");
+}
+
+static inline void leave_sb800(void) {
+ release_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2);
+}
+
static int piix4_setup_sb800(struct pci_dev *PIIX4_dev,
const struct pci_device_id *id, u8 aux)
{
@@ -286,12 +290,12 @@ static int piix4_setup_sb800(struct pci_dev *PIIX4_dev,
else
smb_en = (aux) ? 0x28 : 0x2c;

- mutex_lock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ enter_sb800();
outb_p(smb_en, SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX);
smba_en_lo = inb_p(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX + 1);
outb_p(smb_en + 1, SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX);
smba_en_hi = inb_p(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX + 1);
- mutex_unlock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ leave_sb800();

if (!smb_en) {
smb_en_status = smba_en_lo & 0x10;
@@ -349,13 +353,13 @@ static int piix4_setup_sb800(struct pci_dev *PIIX4_dev,
if (PIIX4_dev->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD) {
piix4_port_sel_sb800 = SB800_PIIX4_PORT_IDX_ALT;
} else {
- mutex_lock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ enter_sb800();
outb_p(SB800_PIIX4_PORT_IDX_SEL, SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX);
port_sel = inb_p(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX + 1);
piix4_port_sel_sb800 = (port_sel & 0x01) ?
SB800_PIIX4_PORT_IDX_ALT :
SB800_PIIX4_PORT_IDX;
- mutex_unlock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ leave_sb800();
}

dev_info(&PIIX4_dev->dev,
@@ -592,7 +596,7 @@ static s32 piix4_access_sb800(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
u8 port;
int retval;

- mutex_lock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ enter_sb800();

/* Request the SMBUS semaphore, avoid conflicts with the IMC */
smbslvcnt = inb_p(SMBSLVCNT);
@@ -608,7 +612,7 @@ static s32 piix4_access_sb800(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
} while (--retries);
/* SMBus is still owned by the IMC, we give up */
if (!retries) {
- mutex_unlock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ leave_sb800();
return -EBUSY;
}

@@ -628,7 +632,7 @@ static s32 piix4_access_sb800(struct i2c_adapter *adap, u16 addr,
/* Release the semaphore */
outb_p(smbslvcnt | 0x20, SMBSLVCNT);

- mutex_unlock(&piix4_mutex_sb800);
+ leave_sb800();

return retval;
}
@@ -705,7 +709,6 @@ static int piix4_add_adapter(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned short smba,
}

adapdata->smba = smba;
- adapdata->sb800_main = sb800_main;
adapdata->port = port << 1;

/* set up the sysfs linkage to our parent device */
@@ -771,17 +774,9 @@ static int piix4_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
dev->vendor == PCI_VENDOR_ID_AMD) {
is_sb800 = true;

- if (!request_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2, "smba_idx")) {
- dev_err(&dev->dev,
- "SMBus base address index region 0x%x already in use!\n",
- SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX);
- return -EBUSY;
- }
-
/* base address location etc changed in SB800 */
retval = piix4_setup_sb800(dev, id, 0);
if (retval < 0) {
- release_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2);
return retval;
}

@@ -791,7 +786,6 @@ static int piix4_probe(struct pci_dev *dev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
*/
retval = piix4_add_adapters_sb800(dev, retval);
if (retval < 0) {
- release_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2);
return retval;
}
} else {
@@ -841,11 +835,8 @@ static void piix4_adap_remove(struct i2c_adapter *adap)

if (adapdata->smba) {
i2c_del_adapter(adap);
- if (adapdata->port == (0 << 1)) {
+ if (adapdata->port == (0 << 1))
release_region(adapdata->smba, SMBIOSIZE);
- if (adapdata->sb800_main)
- release_region(SB800_PIIX4_SMB_IDX, 2);
- }
kfree(adapdata);
kfree(adap);
}
diff --git a/drivers/watchdog/sp5100_tco.c b/drivers/watchdog/sp5100_tco.c
index 028618c..ff332a6 100644
--- a/drivers/watchdog/sp5100_tco.c
+++ b/drivers/watchdog/sp5100_tco.c
@@ -53,6 +53,7 @@ static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(tco_lock); /* Guards the hardware */
static unsigned long timer_alive;
static char tco_expect_close;
static struct pci_dev *sp5100_tco_pci;
+static const char *sp5100_tco_dev_name = NULL;

/* the watchdog platform device */
static struct platform_device *sp5100_tco_platform_device;
@@ -71,6 +72,20 @@ MODULE_PARM_DESC(nowayout, "Watchdog cannot be stopped once started."
" (default=" __MODULE_STRING(WATCHDOG_NOWAYOUT) ")");

/*
+ * Protect accessing the pair of I/O ports
+ * This relies on the fact that SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG and
+ * SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG are the same value.
+ */
+static inline void enter_sp5100(void) {
+ request_muxed_region(SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG, SP5100_PM_IOPORTS_SIZE,
+ (sp5100_tco_dev_name ? sp5100_tco_dev_name : "sp5100_tco") );
+}
+
+static inline void leave_sp5100(void) {
+ release_region(SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG, SP5100_PM_IOPORTS_SIZE);
+}
+
+/*
* Some TCO specific functions
*/

@@ -138,6 +153,8 @@ static void tco_timer_enable(void)

if (!tco_has_sp5100_reg_layout(sp5100_tco_pci)) {
/* For SB800 or later */
+ enter_sp5100();
+
/* Set the Watchdog timer resolution to 1 sec */
outb(SB800_PM_WATCHDOG_CONFIG, SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG);
val = inb(SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
@@ -150,6 +167,8 @@ static void tco_timer_enable(void)
val |= SB800_PCI_WATCHDOG_DECODE_EN;
val &= ~SB800_PM_WATCHDOG_DISABLE;
outb(val, SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
+
+ leave_sp5100();
} else {
/* For SP5100 or SB7x0 */
/* Enable watchdog decode bit */
@@ -164,11 +183,13 @@ static void tco_timer_enable(void)
val);

/* Enable Watchdog timer and set the resolution to 1 sec */
+ enter_sp5100();
outb(SP5100_PM_WATCHDOG_CONTROL, SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG);
val = inb(SP5100_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
val |= SP5100_PM_WATCHDOG_SECOND_RES;
val &= ~SP5100_PM_WATCHDOG_DISABLE;
outb(val, SP5100_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
+ leave_sp5100();
}
}

@@ -327,7 +348,6 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(pci, sp5100_tco_pci_tbl);
static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
{
struct pci_dev *dev = NULL;
- const char *dev_name = NULL;
u32 val;
u32 index_reg, data_reg, base_addr;

@@ -350,27 +370,21 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
* Determine type of southbridge chipset.
*/
if (tco_has_sp5100_reg_layout(sp5100_tco_pci)) {
- dev_name = SP5100_DEVNAME;
+ sp5100_tco_dev_name = SP5100_DEVNAME;
index_reg = SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG;
data_reg = SP5100_IO_PM_DATA_REG;
base_addr = SP5100_PM_WATCHDOG_BASE;
} else {
- dev_name = SB800_DEVNAME;
+ sp5100_tco_dev_name = SB800_DEVNAME;
index_reg = SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG;
data_reg = SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG;
base_addr = SB800_PM_WATCHDOG_BASE;
}

- /* Request the IO ports used by this driver */
- pm_iobase = SP5100_IO_PM_INDEX_REG;
- if (!request_region(pm_iobase, SP5100_PM_IOPORTS_SIZE, dev_name)) {
- pr_err("I/O address 0x%04x already in use\n", pm_iobase);
- goto exit;
- }
-
/*
* First, Find the watchdog timer MMIO address from indirect I/O.
*/
+ enter_sp5100();
outb(base_addr+3, index_reg);
val = inb(data_reg);
outb(base_addr+2, index_reg);
@@ -380,12 +394,13 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
outb(base_addr+0, index_reg);
/* Low three bits of BASE are reserved */
val = val << 8 | (inb(data_reg) & 0xf8);
+ leave_sp5100();

pr_debug("Got 0x%04x from indirect I/O\n", val);

/* Check MMIO address conflict */
if (request_mem_region_exclusive(val, SP5100_WDT_MEM_MAP_SIZE,
- dev_name))
+ sp5100_tco_dev_name))
goto setup_wdt;
else
pr_debug("MMIO address 0x%04x already in use\n", val);
@@ -400,6 +415,7 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
SP5100_SB_RESOURCE_MMIO_BASE, &val);
} else {
/* Read SBResource_MMIO from AcpiMmioEn(PM_Reg: 24h) */
+ enter_sp5100();
outb(SB800_PM_ACPI_MMIO_EN+3, SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG);
val = inb(SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
outb(SB800_PM_ACPI_MMIO_EN+2, SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG);
@@ -408,6 +424,7 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
val = val << 8 | inb(SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
outb(SB800_PM_ACPI_MMIO_EN+0, SB800_IO_PM_INDEX_REG);
val = val << 8 | inb(SB800_IO_PM_DATA_REG);
+ leave_sp5100();
}

/* The SBResource_MMIO is enabled and mapped memory space? */
@@ -419,7 +436,7 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
val += SB800_PM_WDT_MMIO_OFFSET;
/* Check MMIO address conflict */
if (request_mem_region_exclusive(val, SP5100_WDT_MEM_MAP_SIZE,
- dev_name)) {
+ sp5100_tco_dev_name)) {
pr_debug("Got 0x%04x from SBResource_MMIO register\n",
val);
goto setup_wdt;
@@ -429,7 +446,7 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)
pr_debug("SBResource_MMIO is disabled(0x%04x)\n", val);

pr_notice("failed to find MMIO address, giving up.\n");
- goto unreg_region;
+ goto exit;

setup_wdt:
tcobase_phys = val;
@@ -469,8 +486,6 @@ static unsigned char sp5100_tco_setupdevice(void)

unreg_mem_region:
release_mem_region(tcobase_phys, SP5100_WDT_MEM_MAP_SIZE);
-unreg_region:
- release_region(pm_iobase, SP5100_PM_IOPORTS_SIZE);
exit:
return 0;
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