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SubjectRe: [PATCH] serial: Do not treat the IIR register as a bitfield
Date
Hey Ted,

On 30-03-17 16:11, Theodore Ts'o wrote:
> While you're fixing this, there's a bug in samples/vfio-mdev/mtty.c:
>
> u8 ier = mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_IER];
> *buf = 0;
>
> mutex_lock(&mdev_state->rxtx_lock);
> /* Interrupt priority 1: Parity, overrun, framing or break */
> if ((ier & UART_IER_RLSI) && mdev_state->s[index].overrun)
> *buf |= UART_IIR_RLSI;
>
> /* Interrupt priority 2: Fifo trigger level reached */
> if ((ier & UART_IER_RDI) &&
> (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.count ==
> mdev_state->s[index].intr_trigger_level))
> *buf |= UART_IIR_RDI;
>
> /* Interrupt priotiry 3: transmitter holding register empty */
> if ((ier & UART_IER_THRI) &&
> (mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.head ==
> mdev_state->s[index].rxtx.tail))
> *buf |= UART_IIR_THRI;
>
> /* Interrupt priotiry 4: Modem status: CTS, DSR, RI or DCD */
> if ((ier & UART_IER_MSI) &&
> (mdev_state->s[index].uart_reg[UART_MCR] &
> (UART_MCR_RTS | UART_MCR_DTR)))
> *buf |= UART_IIR_MSI;
>
> /* bit0: 0=> interrupt pending, 1=> no interrupt is pending */
> if (*buf == 0)
> *buf = UART_IIR_NO_INT;
>
> It's treating the UART_IIR_* fields as a bitmask which is bad enough,
> but in the "Interrupt priority 4" case, UART_IIR_MSI is zero, so
> "*buf |= UART_IIR_MSI" is a no-op. And in the case where the modem
> status interrupt is the only thing set, *buf will be 0, and UART_IIR_NO_INT
> gets set erroneously.
>
> So this is another example of the bug of trying to treat the
> UART_IIR_* fields as a bitmask....
>
> Yes, it's only sample code, but best fix it now before it gets copied
> elsewhere and metastisizes. :-)

Yeah, I notice that a lot of the code I modified in this patch was
either copy pasted or 'inspired by'. So having bad examples around is
really bad as you state!

Additionally the friendly build bot reminded me there are other
subsystems that do this as well, so I'll update the patch to get those
too and this one too.

Olliver

>
> - Ted
>
>

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