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SubjectRe: [BUG nohz]: wrong user and system time accounting
On Thu, 30 Mar 2017 06:46:30 +0800
Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com> wrote:

> > So! Now we need to find a proper fix :o)
> >
> > Hmm, how bad would it be to revert to sched_clock() instead of jiffies in vtime_delta()?
> > We could use nanosecond granularity to check deltas but only perform an actual cputime update
> > when that delta >= TICK_NSEC. That should keep the load ok.
>
> Yeah, I mentioned something similar before.
> https://lkml.org/lkml/2017/3/26/138 However, Rik's commit optimized
> syscalls by not utilize sched_clock(), so if we should distinguish
> between syscalls/exceptions and irqs?

Why not use ktime_get()?

Here's the solution I was thinking about, it's mostly untested. I'm
rate limiting below TICK_NSEC because I want to avoid syncing with
the tick.

diff --git a/kernel/sched/cputime.c b/kernel/sched/cputime.c
index f3778e2b..a8b1e85 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/cputime.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/cputime.c
@@ -676,18 +676,20 @@ void thread_group_cputime_adjusted(struct task_struct *p, u64 *ut, u64 *st)
#ifdef CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING_GEN
static u64 vtime_delta(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- unsigned long now = READ_ONCE(jiffies);
+ return ktime_sub(ktime_get(), tsk->vtime_snap);
+}

- if (time_before(now, (unsigned long)tsk->vtime_snap))
- return 0;
+/* A little bit less than the tick period */
+#define VTIME_RATE_LIMIT (TICK_NSEC - 200000)

- return jiffies_to_nsecs(now - tsk->vtime_snap);
+static bool vtime_should_account(struct task_struct *tsk)
+{
+ return vtime_delta(tsk) > VTIME_RATE_LIMIT;
}

static u64 get_vtime_delta(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- unsigned long now = READ_ONCE(jiffies);
- u64 delta, other;
+ u64 delta, other, now = ktime_get();

/*
* Unlike tick based timing, vtime based timing never has lost
@@ -696,7 +698,7 @@ static u64 get_vtime_delta(struct task_struct *tsk)
* elapsed time. Limit account_other_time to prevent rounding
* errors from causing elapsed vtime to go negative.
*/
- delta = jiffies_to_nsecs(now - tsk->vtime_snap);
+ delta = ktime_sub(now, tsk->vtime_snap);
other = account_other_time(delta);
WARN_ON_ONCE(tsk->vtime_snap_whence == VTIME_INACTIVE);
tsk->vtime_snap = now;
@@ -711,7 +713,7 @@ static void __vtime_account_system(struct task_struct *tsk)

void vtime_account_system(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
- if (!vtime_delta(tsk))
+ if (!vtime_should_account(tsk))
return;

write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
@@ -723,7 +725,7 @@ void vtime_account_user(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
tsk->vtime_snap_whence = VTIME_SYS;
- if (vtime_delta(tsk))
+ if (vtime_should_account(tsk))
account_user_time(tsk, get_vtime_delta(tsk));
write_seqcount_end(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
}
@@ -731,7 +733,7 @@ void vtime_account_user(struct task_struct *tsk)
void vtime_user_enter(struct task_struct *tsk)
{
write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
- if (vtime_delta(tsk))
+ if (vtime_should_account(tsk))
__vtime_account_system(tsk);
tsk->vtime_snap_whence = VTIME_USER;
write_seqcount_end(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
@@ -747,7 +749,7 @@ void vtime_guest_enter(struct task_struct *tsk)
* that can thus safely catch up with a tickless delta.
*/
write_seqcount_begin(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
- if (vtime_delta(tsk))
+ if (vtime_should_account(tsk))
__vtime_account_system(tsk);
current->flags |= PF_VCPU;
write_seqcount_end(&tsk->vtime_seqcount);
@@ -776,7 +778,7 @@ void arch_vtime_task_switch(struct task_struct *prev)

write_seqcount_begin(&current->vtime_seqcount);
current->vtime_snap_whence = VTIME_SYS;
- current->vtime_snap = jiffies;
+ current->vtime_snap = ktime_get();
write_seqcount_end(&current->vtime_seqcount);
}

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