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Subject[PATCH 1/3] gpio - Add EXAR XRA1403 SPI GPIO expander driver
Date
This is a simple driver that provides a /sys/class/gpio
interface for controlling and configuring the GPIO lines.
It does not provide support for chip select or interrupts.

Signed-off-by: Nandor Han <nandor.han@ge.com>
Signed-off-by: Semi Malinen <semi.malinen@ge.com>
---
.../devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.txt | 1 +
drivers/gpio/Kconfig | 5 +
drivers/gpio/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/gpio/gpio-xra1403.c | 252 +++++++++++++++++++++
4 files changed, 259 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/gpio/gpio-xra1403.c

diff --git a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.txt b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.txt
index 0ad67d5..7ca9d41 100644
--- a/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/devicetree/bindings/vendor-prefixes.txt
@@ -103,6 +103,7 @@ ettus NI Ettus Research
eukrea Eukréa Electromatique
everest Everest Semiconductor Co. Ltd.
everspin Everspin Technologies, Inc.
+exar Exar Corporation
excito Excito
ezchip EZchip Semiconductor
faraday Faraday Technology Corporation
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
index d6e3cfd..3a6c9a3 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
@@ -1208,6 +1208,11 @@ config GPIO_PISOSR
GPIO driver for SPI compatible parallel-in/serial-out shift
registers. These are input only devices.

+config GPIO_XRA1403
+ tristate "EXAR XRA1403 16-bit GPIO expander"
+ help
+ GPIO driver for EXAR XRA1403 16-bit SPI-based GPIO expander.
+
endmenu

menu "SPI or I2C GPIO expanders"
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Makefile b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
index bd995dc..8f50844 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/gpio/Makefile
@@ -139,6 +139,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XGENE) += gpio-xgene.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XGENE_SB) += gpio-xgene-sb.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XILINX) += gpio-xilinx.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XLP) += gpio-xlp.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XRA1403) += gpio-xra1403.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_XTENSA) += gpio-xtensa.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_ZEVIO) += gpio-zevio.o
obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_ZYNQ) += gpio-zynq.o
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpio-xra1403.c b/drivers/gpio/gpio-xra1403.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..1b7138a8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpio-xra1403.c
@@ -0,0 +1,252 @@
+/*
+ * GPIO driver for EXAR XRA1403 16-bit GPIO expander
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2017, General Electric Company
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
+ * under the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public License,
+ * version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT
+ * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
+ * more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <linux/gpio/driver.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/of_device.h>
+#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
+#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
+
+/* XRA1403 registers */
+#define XRA_GSR 0x00 /* GPIO State */
+#define XRA_OCR 0x02 /* Output Control */
+#define XRA_GCR 0x06 /* GPIO Configuration */
+
+/* SPI headers */
+#define XRA_READ 0x80 /* read bit of the SPI command byte */
+
+struct xra1403 {
+ struct mutex lock;
+ struct gpio_chip chip;
+ struct spi_device *spi;
+};
+
+static int xra1403_get_byte(struct xra1403 *xra, unsigned int addr)
+{
+ return spi_w8r8(xra->spi, XRA_READ | (addr << 1));
+}
+
+static int xra1403_get_bit(struct xra1403 *xra, unsigned int addr,
+ unsigned int bit)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = xra1403_get_byte(xra, addr + (bit > 7));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ return ret;
+
+ return !!(ret & BIT(bit % 8));
+}
+
+static int xra1403_set_bit(struct xra1403 *xra, unsigned int addr,
+ unsigned int bit, int value)
+{
+ int ret;
+ u8 mask;
+ u8 tx[2];
+
+ addr += bit > 7;
+
+ mutex_lock(&xra->lock);
+
+ ret = xra1403_get_byte(xra, addr);
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto out_unlock;
+
+ mask = BIT(bit % 8);
+ if (value)
+ value = ret | mask;
+ else
+ value = ret & ~mask;
+
+ if (value != ret) {
+ tx[0] = addr << 1;
+ tx[1] = value;
+ ret = spi_write(xra->spi, tx, sizeof(tx));
+ } else {
+ ret = 0;
+ }
+
+out_unlock:
+ mutex_unlock(&xra->lock);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int xra1403_direction_input(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
+{
+ return xra1403_set_bit(gpiochip_get_data(chip), XRA_GCR, offset, 1);
+}
+
+static int xra1403_direction_output(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset,
+ int value)
+{
+ int ret;
+ struct xra1403 *xra = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
+
+ ret = xra1403_set_bit(xra, XRA_OCR, offset, value);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
+ ret = xra1403_set_bit(xra, XRA_GCR, offset, 0);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int xra1403_get(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset)
+{
+ return xra1403_get_bit(gpiochip_get_data(chip), XRA_GSR, offset);
+}
+
+static void xra1403_set(struct gpio_chip *chip, unsigned int offset, int value)
+{
+ xra1403_set_bit(gpiochip_get_data(chip), XRA_OCR, offset, value);
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
+#define XRA_REGS 0x16
+static void xra1403_dbg_show(struct seq_file *s, struct gpio_chip *chip)
+{
+ int reg;
+ struct xra1403 *xra = gpiochip_get_data(chip);
+ int value[XRA_REGS];
+ int i;
+ unsigned int gcr;
+ unsigned int gsr;
+
+ seq_puts(s, "xra reg:");
+ for (reg = 0; reg < XRA_REGS; reg++)
+ seq_printf(s, " %2.2x", reg);
+ seq_puts(s, "\n value:");
+ for (reg = 0; reg < XRA_REGS; reg++) {
+ value[reg] = xra1403_get_byte(xra, reg);
+ seq_printf(s, " %2.2x", value[reg]);
+ }
+ seq_puts(s, "\n");
+
+ gcr = value[XRA_GCR + 1] << 8 | value[XRA_GCR];
+ gsr = value[XRA_GSR + 1] << 8 | value[XRA_GSR];
+ for (i = 0; i < chip->ngpio; i++) {
+ const char *label = gpiochip_is_requested(chip, i);
+
+ if (!label)
+ continue;
+
+ seq_printf(s, " gpio-%-3d (%-12s) %s %s\n",
+ chip->base + i, label,
+ (gcr & BIT(i)) ? "in" : "out",
+ (gsr & BIT(i)) ? "hi" : "lo");
+ }
+}
+#else
+#define xra1403_dbg_show NULL
+#endif
+
+static int xra1403_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct xra1403 *xra;
+ struct gpio_desc *reset_gpio;
+
+ xra = devm_kzalloc(&spi->dev, sizeof(*xra), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!xra)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ /* bring the chip out of reset */
+ reset_gpio = gpiod_get_optional(&spi->dev, "reset", GPIOD_OUT_LOW);
+ if (IS_ERR(reset_gpio))
+ dev_warn(&spi->dev, "could not get reset-gpios\n");
+ else if (reset_gpio)
+ gpiod_put(reset_gpio);
+
+ mutex_init(&xra->lock);
+
+ xra->chip.direction_input = xra1403_direction_input;
+ xra->chip.direction_output = xra1403_direction_output;
+ xra->chip.get = xra1403_get;
+ xra->chip.set = xra1403_set;
+ xra->chip.dbg_show = xra1403_dbg_show;
+
+ xra->chip.ngpio = 16;
+ xra->chip.label = "xra1403";
+
+ xra->chip.base = -1;
+ xra->chip.can_sleep = true;
+ xra->chip.parent = &spi->dev;
+ xra->chip.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+
+ xra->spi = spi;
+ spi_set_drvdata(spi, xra);
+
+ return gpiochip_add_data(&xra->chip, xra);
+}
+
+static int xra1403_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
+{
+ struct xra1403 *xra = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
+
+ gpiochip_remove(&xra->chip);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static const struct spi_device_id xra1403_ids[] = {
+ { "xra1403" },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, xra1403_ids);
+
+static const struct of_device_id xra1403_spi_of_match[] = {
+ { .compatible = "exar,xra1403" },
+ {},
+};
+MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, xra1403_spi_of_match);
+
+static struct spi_driver xra1403_driver = {
+ .probe = xra1403_probe,
+ .remove = xra1403_remove,
+ .id_table = xra1403_ids,
+ .driver = {
+ .name = "xra1403",
+ .of_match_table = of_match_ptr(xra1403_spi_of_match),
+ },
+};
+
+static int __init xra1403_init(void)
+{
+ return spi_register_driver(&xra1403_driver);
+}
+
+/*
+ * register after spi postcore initcall and before
+ * subsys initcalls that may rely on these GPIOs
+ */
+subsys_initcall(xra1403_init);
+
+static void __exit xra1403_exit(void)
+{
+ spi_unregister_driver(&xra1403_driver);
+}
+module_exit(xra1403_exit);
+
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Nandor Han <nandor.han@ge.com>");
+MODULE_AUTHOR("Semi Malinen <semi.malinen@ge.com>");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO expander driver for EXAR XRA1403");
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
--
2.10.1
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