[lkml]   [2017]   [Mar]   [23]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
Subject[BUG nohz]: wrong user and system time accounting

When there are two or more tasks executing in user-space and
taking 100% of a nohz_full CPU, top reports 70% system time
and 30% user time utilization. Sometimes I'm even able to get
100% system time and 0% user time.

This was reproduced with latest Linus tree (093b995), but I
don't believe it's a regression (at least not a recent one)
as I can reproduce it with older kernels. Also, I have
CONFIG_IRQ_TIME_ACCOUNTING=y and haven't tried to reproduce
without it yet.

Below you'll find the steps to reproduce and some initial

Steps to reproduce

1. Set up a CPU for nohz_full with isolcpus= nohz_full=

2. Pin two tasks that hog the CPU 100% of the time to that CPU

3. Run top -d1 and check system time

NOTE: When there's only one task hogging a nohz_full CPU, top
shows 100% user-time, as expected

Initial analysis

When tracing vtime accounting functions and the user-space/kernel
transitions when the issue is taking place, I see several of the

hog-10552 [015] 1132.711104: function: enter_from_user_mode <-- apic_timer_interrupt
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711105: function: __context_tracking_exit <-- enter_from_user_mode
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711105: bprint: __context_tracking_exit.part.4: new state=1 cur state=1 active=1
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711105: function: vtime_account_user <-- __context_tracking_exit.part.4
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711105: function: smp_apic_timer_interrupt <-- apic_timer_interrupt
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711106: function: irq_enter <-- smp_apic_timer_interrupt
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711106: function: tick_sched_timer <-- __hrtimer_run_queues
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711108: function: irq_exit <-- smp_apic_timer_interrupt
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711108: function: __context_tracking_enter <-- prepare_exit_to_usermode
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711108: bprint: __context_tracking_enter.part.2: new state=1 cur state=0 active=1
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711109: function: vtime_user_enter <-- __context_tracking_enter.part.2
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711109: function: __vtime_account_system <-- vtime_user_enter
hog-10552 [015] 1132.711109: function: account_system_time <-- __vtime_account_system

On entering the kernel due to a timer interrupt, vtime_account_user()
skips user-time accounting. Then later on when returning to user-space,
vtime_user_enter() is probably accounting the whole time (ie. user-space
plus kernel-space) to system time.

Now, when does vtime_account_user() skips accounting? Well, when the
time delta is less then one jiffie. This would imply that vtime_account_user()
is being called less than one jiffie since the last accounting, but I haven't
confirmed any of this yet.

 \ /
  Last update: 2017-03-23 21:56    [W:0.219 / U:0.708 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site