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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] x86: mostly disable '-maccumulate-outgoing-args'

* Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com> wrote:

> The gcc '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' flag is enabled for most configs,
> mostly because of issues which are no longer relevant. For most
> configs, and with most recent versions of gcc, it's no longer needed.
>
> Clarify which cases need it, and only enable it for those cases. Also
> produce a compile-time error for the ftrace graph + mcount + '-Os' case,
> which will otherwise cause runtime failures.
>
> The main benefit of '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' is that it prevents an
> ugly prologue for functions which have aligned stacks. But removing the
> option also has some benefits: more readable argument saves, smaller
> text size, and (presumably) slightly improved performance.
>
> Here are the object size savings for 32-bit and 64-bit defconfig
> kernels:
>
> text data bss dec hex filename
> 10006710 3543328 1773568 15323606 e9d1d6 vmlinux.x86-32.before
> 9706358 3547424 1773568 15027350 e54c96 vmlinux.x86-32.after
>
> text data bss dec hex filename
> 10652105 4537576 843776 16033457 f4a6b1 vmlinux.x86-64.before
> 10639629 4537576 843776 16020981 f475f5 vmlinux.x86-64.after
>
> That comes out to a 3% text size improvement on x86-32 and a 0.1% text
> size improvement on x86-64.
>
> Signed-off-by: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
> ---
> v2:
> - improve readability of the comments
> - add comment about why gcc version needs to be checked
> - use cc-option-yn instead of cc-option
>
> arch/x86/Makefile | 31 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
> arch/x86/Makefile_32.cpu | 18 ------------------
> arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c | 6 ++++++
> scripts/Kbuild.include | 4 ++++
> 4 files changed, 37 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/Makefile b/arch/x86/Makefile
> index 2d44933..04c87be 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/Makefile
> @@ -120,10 +120,6 @@ else
> # -funit-at-a-time shrinks the kernel .text considerably
> # unfortunately it makes reading oopses harder.
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-funit-at-a-time)
> -
> - # this works around some issues with generating unwind tables in older gccs
> - # newer gccs do it by default
> - KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-maccumulate-outgoing-args)
> endif
>
> ifdef CONFIG_X86_X32
> @@ -147,6 +143,33 @@ ifeq ($(CONFIG_KMEMCHECK),y)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-builtin-memcpy)
> endif
>
> +# If the function graph tracer is used with mcount instead of fentry,
> +# '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' is needed to prevent a gcc bug
> +# (https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=42109)
> +ifdef CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER
> + ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_FENTRY
> + ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS := 1
> + else
> + ifeq ($(call cc-option-yn, -mfentry), n)
> + ACCUMULATE_OUTGOING_ARGS := 1
> + endif
> + endif
> +endif
> +
> +# Jump labels need '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' for gcc < 4.5.2 to prevent a
> +# gcc bug (https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=46226). There's no way
> +# to test for this bug at compile-time because the test case needs to execute,
> +# which is a no-go for cross compilers. So check the gcc version instead.

In documentation please refer to GCC the compiler as 'GCC' (upper case), while gcc
the command as 'gcc'.

Also, even in Kbuild try to follow the kernel style - which for comments would be
something like:

#
# Jump labels need '-maccumulate-outgoing-args' for gcc < 4.5.2 to prevent a
# GCC bug (https://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=46226). There's no way
# to test for this bug at compile-time because the test case needs to execute,
# which is a no-go for cross compilers. So check the GCC version instead.
#

... even though there's plenty of bad example in the Makefile you are changing.

> +#if defined(CONFIG_FUNCTION_GRAPH_TRACER) && \
> + !defined(CC_USING_FENTRY) && \
> + !defined(CONFIG_CC_OPTIMIZE_FOR_PERFORMANCE)
> +# error Your compiler does not support function graph tracing
> +#endif

Might make sense to add the compiler option that is missing, i.e. something like:

# error Your compiler does not support function graph tracing (-mfentry)

(or whatever compiler feature is missing.)

Thanks,

Ingo

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