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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: nVMX: Fix L2 guest hang if shadow page tables on EPT
2017-03-22 20:00 GMT+08:00 Ladi Prosek <lprosek@redhat.com>:
> On Sat, Mar 18, 2017 at 7:37 AM, Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com> wrote:
>> 2017-03-18 1:28 GMT+08:00 Ladi Prosek <lprosek@redhat.com>:
>>> On Fri, Mar 17, 2017 at 3:41 PM, Wanpeng Li <kernellwp@gmail.com> wrote:
>>>> From: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com>
>>>>
>>>> The L2 guest hang if shadow page tables on EPT, the trace on L1 shows that
>>>> L2 kvm_exit reason EXCEPTION_NMI and page fault repeatedly:
>>>>
>>>> qemu-system-x86-2821 [003] d..2 45.848814: kvm_entry: vcpu 0
>>>> qemu-system-x86-2821 [003] ...1 45.848827: kvm_exit: reason EXCEPTION_NMI rip 0xe05b info fe05b 80000b0e
>>>> qemu-system-x86-2821 [003] ...1 45.848827: kvm_page_fault: address fe05b error_code 14
>>>>
>>>> Commit 7ca29de21362 (KVM: nVMX: fix CR3 load if L2 uses PAE paging and EPT)
>>>> prevents to load L2's PDPTRs according to dereferencing L2's CR3 since it is
>>>> uninitialized in real mode. Hyper-V L1 will emulate L2 real mode with PAE
>>>> paging and EPT enabled. However, there is a progress to switch from Legacy
>>>> mode's such-mode Protected mode to Long mode during system boot, the check
>>>> in nested_vmx_load_cr3() will prevent to load PDPTRs if it is still in
>>>> Protected mode w/ PAE paging and nested EPT/shadow page tables on EPT. Actually
>>>> the original commit should just intended to prevent to dereference L2's CR3
>>>> if the L1 hypervisor emulates L2's real mode through vm8086.
>>>>
>>>> This patch fixes it by allowing load PDPTRs if PAE paing, EPT enabled and
>>>> !vm86_active.
>>>>
>>>> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
>>>> Cc: Ladi Prosek <lprosek@redhat.com>
>>>> Signed-off-by: Wanpeng Li <wanpeng.li@hotmail.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c | 4 ++--
>>>> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>>>
>>>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>>>> index c664365..2b2a05f 100644
>>>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>>>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>>>> @@ -9933,7 +9933,7 @@ static bool nested_cr3_valid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long val)
>>>> static int nested_vmx_load_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3, bool nested_ept,
>>>> u32 *entry_failure_code)
>>>> {
>>>> - if (cr3 != kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) || (!nested_ept && pdptrs_changed(vcpu))) {
>>>> + if (cr3 != kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) || pdptrs_changed(vcpu)) {
>>>> if (!nested_cr3_valid(vcpu, cr3)) {
>>>> *entry_failure_code = ENTRY_FAIL_DEFAULT;
>>>> return 1;
>>>> @@ -9944,7 +9944,7 @@ static int nested_vmx_load_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3, bool ne
>>>> * must not be dereferenced.
>>>> */
>>>> if (!is_long_mode(vcpu) && is_pae(vcpu) && is_paging(vcpu) &&
>>>> - !nested_ept) {
>>>> + !(nested_ept && to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active)) {
>>>
>>> This change breaks Hyper-V on KVM. L2 hangs on start-up, same symptoms
>>> as before 7ca29de21362.
>>
>> Hmm, I miss the function pdptrs_changed() will also dereference CR3.
>> How about something like this:
>>
>> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> index c664365..d7ebf03 100644
>> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
>> @@ -9933,7 +9933,9 @@ static bool nested_cr3_valid(struct kvm_vcpu
>> *vcpu, unsigned long val)
>> static int nested_vmx_load_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long
>> cr3, bool nested_ept,
>> u32 *entry_failure_code)
>> {
>> - if (cr3 != kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) || (!nested_ept && pdptrs_changed(vcpu))) {
>> + if (cr3 != kvm_read_cr3(vcpu) ||
>> + (!(nested_ept && to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active) &&
>> + pdptrs_changed(vcpu))) {
>> if (!nested_cr3_valid(vcpu, cr3)) {
>> *entry_failure_code = ENTRY_FAIL_DEFAULT;
>> return 1;
>> @@ -9944,7 +9946,7 @@ static int nested_vmx_load_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu
>> *vcpu, unsigned long cr3, bool ne
>> * must not be dereferenced.
>> */
>> if (!is_long_mode(vcpu) && is_pae(vcpu) && is_paging(vcpu) &&
>> - !nested_ept) {
>> + !(nested_ept && to_vmx(vcpu)->rmode.vm86_active)) {
>> if (!load_pdptrs(vcpu, vcpu->arch.walk_mmu, cr3)) {
>> *entry_failure_code = ENTRY_FAIL_PDPTE;
>> return 1;
>
> Still the same, Hyper-V is broken. The problem is not in real vs.
> protected mode. The way nested_ept_enabled is computed is incorrect.
>
> I can run both Hyper-V and KVM with EPT = 0 in L1 with this patch. Can
> you please give it a try?
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> index 98e82ee..9145c94 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/vmx.c
> @@ -10121,7 +10121,7 @@ static int prepare_vmcs02(struct kvm_vcpu
> *vcpu, struct vmcs12 *vmcs12,
> vmcs12->guest_intr_status);
> }
>
> - nested_ept_enabled = (exec_control &
> SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT) != 0;
> + nested_ept_enabled =
> (vmcs12->secondary_vm_exec_control & SECONDARY_EXEC_ENABLE_EPT) != 0;
>
> /*
> * Write an illegal value to APIC_ACCESS_ADDR. Later,

You are right, it works. Please send out a formal patch and add the
kvm-unit-tests as Paolo mentioned.

Regards,
Wanpeng Li

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