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Subject[tip:x86/urgent] x86/tlb: Fix tlb flushing when lguest clears PGE
Commit-ID:  2c4ea6e28dbf15ab93632c5c189f3948366b8885
Author: Daniel Borkmann <>
AuthorDate: Sat, 11 Mar 2017 01:31:19 +0100
Committer: Thomas Gleixner <>
CommitDate: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 11:19:29 +0100

x86/tlb: Fix tlb flushing when lguest clears PGE

Fengguang reported random corruptions from various locations on x86-32
after commits d2852a224050 ("arch: add ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY config") and
9d876e79df6a ("bpf: fix unlocking of jited image when module ronx not set")
that uses the former. While x86-32 doesn't have a JIT like x86_64, the
bpf_prog_lock_ro() and bpf_prog_unlock_ro() got enabled due to
ARCH_HAS_SET_MEMORY, whereas Fengguang's test kernel doesn't have module
support built in and therefore never had the DEBUG_SET_MODULE_RONX setting

After investigating the crashes further, it turned out that using
set_memory_ro() and set_memory_rw() didn't have the desired effect, for
example, setting the pages as read-only on x86-32 would still let
probe_kernel_write() succeed without error. This behavior would manifest
itself in situations where the vmalloc'ed buffer was accessed prior to
set_memory_*() such as in case of bpf_prog_alloc(). In cases where it
wasn't, the page attribute changes seemed to have taken effect, leading to
the conclusion that a TLB invalidate didn't happen. Moreover, it turned out
that this issue reproduced with qemu in "-cpu kvm64" mode, but not for
"-cpu host". When the issue occurs, change_page_attr_set_clr() did trigger
a TLB flush as expected via __flush_tlb_all() through cpa_flush_range(),

There are 3 variants for issuing a TLB flush: invpcid_flush_all() (depends
on CPU feature bits X86_FEATURE_INVPCID, X86_FEATURE_PGE), cr4 based flush
(depends on X86_FEATURE_PGE), and cr3 based flush. For "-cpu host" case in
my setup, the flush used invpcid_flush_all() variant, whereas for "-cpu
kvm64", the flush was cr4 based. Switching the kvm64 case to cr3 manually
worked fine, and further investigating the cr4 one turned out that
X86_CR4_PGE bit was not set in cr4 register, meaning the
__native_flush_tlb_global_irq_disabled() wrote cr4 twice with the same
value instead of clearing X86_CR4_PGE in the first write to trigger the

It turned out that X86_CR4_PGE was cleared from cr4 during init from
lguest_arch_host_init() via adjust_pge(). The X86_FEATURE_PGE bit is also
cleared from there due to concerns of using PGE in guest kernel that can
lead to hard to trace bugs (see bff672e630a0 ("lguest: documentation V:
Host") in init()). The CPU feature bits are cleared in dynamic
boot_cpu_data, but they never propagated to __flush_tlb_all() as it uses
static_cpu_has() instead of boot_cpu_has() for testing which variant of TLB
flushing to use, meaning they still used the old setting of the host

Clearing via setup_clear_cpu_cap(X86_FEATURE_PGE) so this would propagate
to static_cpu_has() checks is too late at this point as sections have been
patched already, so for now, it seems reasonable to switch back to
boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE) as it was prior to commit c109bf95992b
("x86/cpufeature: Remove cpu_has_pge"). This lets the TLB flush trigger via
cr3 as originally intended, properly makes the new page attributes visible
and thus fixes the crashes seen by Fengguang.

Fixes: c109bf95992b ("x86/cpufeature: Remove cpu_has_pge")
Reported-by: Fengguang Wu <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Borkmann <>
Cc: Kees Cook <>
Cc: "David S. Miller" <>
Cc: Rusty Russell <>
Cc: Alexei Starovoitov <>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <>
Cc: Laura Abbott <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
index 6fa8594..fc5abff 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ static inline void __native_flush_tlb_single(unsigned long addr)

static inline void __flush_tlb_all(void)
- if (static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE))
+ if (boot_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PGE))
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