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Subject[PATCH v5 11/12] zsmalloc: page migration support
Date
This patch introduces run-time migration feature for zspage.

For migration, VM uses page.lru field so it would be better to not use
page.next field which is unified with page.lru for own purpose.
For that, firstly, we can get first object offset of the page via
runtime calculation instead of using page.index so we can use
page.index as link for page chaining instead of page.next.

In case of huge object, it stores handle to page.index instead of
next link of page chaining because huge object doesn't need to next
link for page chaining. So get_next_page need to identify huge
object to return NULL. For it, this patch uses PG_owner_priv_1 flag
of the page flag.

For migration, it supports three functions

* zs_page_isolate

It isolates a zspage which includes a subpage VM want to migrate
from class so anyone cannot allocate new object from the zspage.

We could try to isolate a zspage by the number of subpage so
subsequent isolation trial of other subpage of the zpsage shouldn't
fail. For that, we introduce zspage.isolated count. With that,
zs_page_isolate can know whether zspage is already isolated or not
for migration so if it is isolated for migration, subsequent
isolation trial can be successful without trying further isolation.

* zs_page_migrate

First of all, it holds write-side zspage->lock to prevent migrate other
subpage in zspage. Then, lock all objects in the page VM want to migrate.
The reason we should lock all objects in the page is due to race between
zs_map_object and zs_page_migrate.

zs_map_object zs_page_migrate

pin_tag(handle)
obj = handle_to_obj(handle)
obj_to_location(obj, &page, &obj_idx);

write_lock(&zspage->lock)
if (!trypin_tag(handle))
goto unpin_object

zspage = get_zspage(page);
read_lock(&zspage->lock);

If zs_page_migrate doesn't do trypin_tag, zs_map_object's page can
be stale by migration so it goes crash.

If it locks all of objects successfully, it copies content from
old page to new one, finally, create new zspage chain with new page.
And if it's last isolated subpage in the zspage, put the zspage back
to class.

* zs_page_putback

It returns isolated zspage to right fullness_group list if it fails to
migrate a page. If it find a zspage is ZS_EMPTY, it queues zspage
freeing to workqueue. See below about async zspage freeing.

This patch introduces asynchronous zspage free. The reason to need it
is we need page_lock to clear PG_movable but unfortunately,
zs_free path should be atomic so the apporach is try to grab page_lock.
If it got page_lock of all of pages successfully, it can free zspage
immediately. Otherwise, it queues free request and free zspage via
workqueue in process context.

If zs_free finds the zspage is isolated when it try to free zspage,
it delays the freeing until zs_page_putback finds it so it will free
free the zspage finally.

In this patch, we expand fullness_list from ZS_EMPTY to ZS_FULL.
First of all, it will use ZS_EMPTY list for delay freeing.
And with adding ZS_FULL list, it makes to identify whether zspage is
isolated or not via list_empty(&zspage->list) test.

Cc: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
---
include/uapi/linux/magic.h | 1 +
mm/zsmalloc.c | 796 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
2 files changed, 675 insertions(+), 122 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
index d829ce63529d..e398beac67b8 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/magic.h
@@ -81,5 +81,6 @@
/* Since UDF 2.01 is ISO 13346 based... */
#define UDF_SUPER_MAGIC 0x15013346
#define BALLOON_KVM_MAGIC 0x13661366
+#define ZSMALLOC_MAGIC 0x58295829

#endif /* __LINUX_MAGIC_H__ */
diff --git a/mm/zsmalloc.c b/mm/zsmalloc.c
index 29dd413322b0..107ec06eabb6 100644
--- a/mm/zsmalloc.c
+++ b/mm/zsmalloc.c
@@ -17,14 +17,14 @@
*
* Usage of struct page fields:
* page->private: points to zspage
- * page->index: offset of the first object starting in this page.
- * For the first page, this is always 0, so we use this field
- * to store handle for huge object.
- * page->next: links together all component pages of a zspage
+ * page->freelist(index): links together all component pages of a zspage
+ * For the huge page, this is always 0, so we use this field
+ * to store handle.
*
* Usage of struct page flags:
* PG_private: identifies the first component page
* PG_private2: identifies the last component page
+ * PG_owner_priv_1: indentifies the huge component page
*
*/

@@ -47,6 +47,10 @@
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
#include <linux/zsmalloc.h>
#include <linux/zpool.h>
+#include <linux/mount.h>
+#include <linux/migrate.h>
+
+#define ZSPAGE_MAGIC 0x58

/*
* This must be power of 2 and greater than of equal to sizeof(link_free).
@@ -134,25 +138,23 @@
* We do not maintain any list for completely empty or full pages
*/
enum fullness_group {
- ZS_ALMOST_FULL,
- ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY,
ZS_EMPTY,
- ZS_FULL
+ ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY,
+ ZS_ALMOST_FULL,
+ ZS_FULL,
+ NR_ZS_FULLNESS,
};

enum zs_stat_type {
+ CLASS_EMPTY,
+ CLASS_ALMOST_EMPTY,
+ CLASS_ALMOST_FULL,
+ CLASS_FULL,
OBJ_ALLOCATED,
OBJ_USED,
- CLASS_ALMOST_FULL,
- CLASS_ALMOST_EMPTY,
+ NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE,
};

-#ifdef CONFIG_ZSMALLOC_STAT
-#define NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE (CLASS_ALMOST_EMPTY + 1)
-#else
-#define NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE (OBJ_USED + 1)
-#endif
-
struct zs_size_stat {
unsigned long objs[NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE];
};
@@ -161,6 +163,10 @@ struct zs_size_stat {
static struct dentry *zs_stat_root;
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+static struct vfsmount *zsmalloc_mnt;
+#endif
+
/*
* number of size_classes
*/
@@ -184,23 +190,36 @@ static const int fullness_threshold_frac = 4;

struct size_class {
spinlock_t lock;
- struct list_head fullness_list[2];
+ struct list_head fullness_list[NR_ZS_FULLNESS];
/*
* Size of objects stored in this class. Must be multiple
* of ZS_ALIGN.
*/
int size;
int objs_per_zspage;
- unsigned int index;
-
- struct zs_size_stat stats;
-
/* Number of PAGE_SIZE sized pages to combine to form a 'zspage' */
int pages_per_zspage;
- /* huge object: pages_per_zspage == 1 && maxobj_per_zspage == 1 */
- bool huge;
+
+ unsigned int index;
+ struct zs_size_stat stats;
};

+/* huge object: pages_per_zspage == 1 && maxobj_per_zspage == 1 */
+static void SetPageHugeObject(struct page *page)
+{
+ SetPageOwnerPriv1(page);
+}
+
+static void ClearPageHugeObject(struct page *page)
+{
+ ClearPageOwnerPriv1(page);
+}
+
+static int PageHugeObject(struct page *page)
+{
+ return PageOwnerPriv1(page);
+}
+
/*
* Placed within free objects to form a singly linked list.
* For every zspage, zspage->freeobj gives head of this list.
@@ -242,6 +261,10 @@ struct zs_pool {
#ifdef CONFIG_ZSMALLOC_STAT
struct dentry *stat_dentry;
#endif
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+ struct inode *inode;
+ struct work_struct free_work;
+#endif
};

/*
@@ -250,16 +273,23 @@ struct zs_pool {
*/
#define FULLNESS_BITS 2
#define CLASS_BITS 8
+#define ISOLATED_BITS 3
+#define MAGIC_VAL_BITS 8

struct zspage {
struct {
unsigned int fullness:FULLNESS_BITS;
unsigned int class:CLASS_BITS;
+ unsigned int isolated:ISOLATED_BITS;
+ unsigned int magic:MAGIC_VAL_BITS;
};
unsigned int inuse;
unsigned int freeobj;
struct page *first_page;
struct list_head list; /* fullness list */
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+ rwlock_t lock;
+#endif
};

struct mapping_area {
@@ -272,6 +302,28 @@ struct mapping_area {
enum zs_mapmode vm_mm; /* mapping mode */
};

+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+static int zs_register_migration(struct zs_pool *pool);
+static void zs_unregister_migration(struct zs_pool *pool);
+static void migrate_lock_init(struct zspage *zspage);
+static void migrate_read_lock(struct zspage *zspage);
+static void migrate_read_unlock(struct zspage *zspage);
+static void kick_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool);
+static void init_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool);
+static void SetZsPageMovable(struct zs_pool *pool, struct zspage *zspage);
+#else
+static int zsmalloc_mount(void) { return 0; }
+static void zsmalloc_unmount(void) {}
+static int zs_register_migration(struct zs_pool *pool) { return 0; }
+static void zs_unregister_migration(struct zs_pool *pool) {}
+static void migrate_lock_init(struct zspage *zspage) {}
+static void migrate_read_lock(struct zspage *zspage) {}
+static void migrate_read_unlock(struct zspage *zspage) {}
+static void kick_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool) {}
+static void init_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool) {}
+static void SetZsPageMovable(struct zs_pool *pool, struct zspage *zspage) {}
+#endif
+
static int create_cache(struct zs_pool *pool)
{
pool->handle_cachep = kmem_cache_create("zs_handle", ZS_HANDLE_SIZE,
@@ -298,7 +350,7 @@ static void destroy_cache(struct zs_pool *pool)
static unsigned long cache_alloc_handle(struct zs_pool *pool, gfp_t gfp)
{
return (unsigned long)kmem_cache_alloc(pool->handle_cachep,
- gfp & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
+ gfp & ~(__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_MOVABLE));
}

static void cache_free_handle(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
@@ -308,7 +360,8 @@ static void cache_free_handle(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)

static struct zspage *cache_alloc_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool, gfp_t flags)
{
- return kmem_cache_alloc(pool->zspage_cachep, flags & ~__GFP_HIGHMEM);
+ return kmem_cache_alloc(pool->zspage_cachep,
+ flags & ~(__GFP_HIGHMEM|__GFP_MOVABLE));
};

static void cache_free_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool, struct zspage *zspage)
@@ -418,11 +471,17 @@ static unsigned int get_maxobj_per_zspage(int size, int pages_per_zspage)
/* per-cpu VM mapping areas for zspage accesses that cross page boundaries */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct mapping_area, zs_map_area);

+static int get_zspage_isolation(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ return zspage->isolated;
+}
+
static int is_first_page(struct page *page)
{
return PagePrivate(page);
}

+/* Protected by class->lock */
static inline int get_zspage_inuse(struct zspage *zspage)
{
return zspage->inuse;
@@ -438,20 +497,12 @@ static inline void mod_zspage_inuse(struct zspage *zspage, int val)
zspage->inuse += val;
}

-static inline int get_first_obj_offset(struct page *page)
+static inline struct page *get_first_page(struct zspage *zspage)
{
- if (is_first_page(page))
- return 0;
+ struct page *first_page = zspage->first_page;

- return page->index;
-}
-
-static inline void set_first_obj_offset(struct page *page, int offset)
-{
- if (is_first_page(page))
- return;
-
- page->index = offset;
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!is_first_page(first_page), first_page);
+ return first_page;
}

static inline unsigned int get_freeobj(struct zspage *zspage)
@@ -468,6 +519,8 @@ static void get_zspage_mapping(struct zspage *zspage,
unsigned int *class_idx,
enum fullness_group *fullness)
{
+ VM_BUG_ON(zspage->magic != ZSPAGE_MAGIC);
+
*fullness = zspage->fullness;
*class_idx = zspage->class;
}
@@ -501,23 +554,19 @@ static int get_size_class_index(int size)
static inline void zs_stat_inc(struct size_class *class,
enum zs_stat_type type, unsigned long cnt)
{
- if (type < NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE)
- class->stats.objs[type] += cnt;
+ class->stats.objs[type] += cnt;
}

static inline void zs_stat_dec(struct size_class *class,
enum zs_stat_type type, unsigned long cnt)
{
- if (type < NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE)
- class->stats.objs[type] -= cnt;
+ class->stats.objs[type] -= cnt;
}

static inline unsigned long zs_stat_get(struct size_class *class,
enum zs_stat_type type)
{
- if (type < NR_ZS_STAT_TYPE)
- return class->stats.objs[type];
- return 0;
+ return class->stats.objs[type];
}

#ifdef CONFIG_ZSMALLOC_STAT
@@ -659,6 +708,7 @@ static inline void zs_pool_stat_destroy(struct zs_pool *pool)
}
#endif

+
/*
* For each size class, zspages are divided into different groups
* depending on how "full" they are. This was done so that we could
@@ -699,15 +749,9 @@ static void insert_zspage(struct size_class *class,
{
struct zspage *head;

- if (fullness >= ZS_EMPTY)
- return;
-
+ zs_stat_inc(class, fullness, 1);
head = list_first_entry_or_null(&class->fullness_list[fullness],
struct zspage, list);
-
- zs_stat_inc(class, fullness == ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY ?
- CLASS_ALMOST_EMPTY : CLASS_ALMOST_FULL, 1);
-
/*
* We want to see more ZS_FULL pages and less almost empty/full.
* Put pages with higher ->inuse first.
@@ -729,14 +773,11 @@ static void remove_zspage(struct size_class *class,
struct zspage *zspage,
enum fullness_group fullness)
{
- if (fullness >= ZS_EMPTY)
- return;
-
VM_BUG_ON(list_empty(&class->fullness_list[fullness]));
+ VM_BUG_ON(get_zspage_isolation(zspage));

list_del_init(&zspage->list);
- zs_stat_dec(class, fullness == ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY ?
- CLASS_ALMOST_EMPTY : CLASS_ALMOST_FULL, 1);
+ zs_stat_dec(class, fullness, 1);
}

/*
@@ -759,8 +800,11 @@ static enum fullness_group fix_fullness_group(struct size_class *class,
if (newfg == currfg)
goto out;

- remove_zspage(class, zspage, currfg);
- insert_zspage(class, zspage, newfg);
+ if (!get_zspage_isolation(zspage)) {
+ remove_zspage(class, zspage, currfg);
+ insert_zspage(class, zspage, newfg);
+ }
+
set_zspage_mapping(zspage, class_idx, newfg);

out:
@@ -806,19 +850,47 @@ static int get_pages_per_zspage(int class_size)
return max_usedpc_order;
}

-static struct page *get_first_page(struct zspage *zspage)
+static struct zspage *get_zspage(struct page *page)
{
- return zspage->first_page;
+ struct zspage *zspage = (struct zspage *)page->private;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON(zspage->magic != ZSPAGE_MAGIC);
+ return zspage;
}

-static struct zspage *get_zspage(struct page *page)
+static struct page *get_next_page(struct page *page)
{
- return (struct zspage *)page->private;
+ if (unlikely(PageHugeObject(page)))
+ return NULL;
+
+ return page->freelist;
}

-static struct page *get_next_page(struct page *page)
+/* Get byte offset of first object in the @page */
+static int get_first_obj_offset(struct size_class *class,
+ struct page *first_page, struct page *page)
{
- return page->next;
+ int pos, bound;
+ int page_idx = 0;
+ int ofs = 0;
+ struct page *cursor = first_page;
+
+ if (first_page == page)
+ goto out;
+
+ while (page != cursor) {
+ page_idx++;
+ cursor = get_next_page(cursor);
+ }
+
+ bound = PAGE_SIZE * page_idx;
+ pos = (((class->objs_per_zspage * class->size) *
+ page_idx / class->pages_per_zspage) / class->size
+ ) * class->size;
+
+ ofs = (pos + class->size) % PAGE_SIZE;
+out:
+ return ofs;
}

/**
@@ -855,16 +927,20 @@ static unsigned long handle_to_obj(unsigned long handle)
return *(unsigned long *)handle;
}

-static unsigned long obj_to_head(struct size_class *class, struct page *page,
- void *obj)
+static unsigned long obj_to_head(struct page *page, void *obj)
{
- if (class->huge) {
+ if (unlikely(PageHugeObject(page))) {
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!is_first_page(page), page);
return page->index;
} else
return *(unsigned long *)obj;
}

+static inline int testpin_tag(unsigned long handle)
+{
+ return bit_spin_is_locked(HANDLE_PIN_BIT, (unsigned long *)handle);
+}
+
static inline int trypin_tag(unsigned long handle)
{
return bit_spin_trylock(HANDLE_PIN_BIT, (unsigned long *)handle);
@@ -882,27 +958,95 @@ static void unpin_tag(unsigned long handle)

static void reset_page(struct page *page)
{
+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+ __ClearPageMovable(page);
+#endif
clear_bit(PG_private, &page->flags);
clear_bit(PG_private_2, &page->flags);
set_page_private(page, 0);
- page->index = 0;
+ ClearPageHugeObject(page);
+ page->freelist = NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * To prevent zspage destroy during migration, zspage freeing should
+ * hold locks of all pages in the zspage.
+ */
+void lock_zspage(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ struct page *page = get_first_page(zspage);
+
+ do {
+ lock_page(page);
+ } while ((page = get_next_page(page)) != NULL);
}

-static void free_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool, struct zspage *zspage)
+int trylock_zspage(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ struct page *cursor, *fail;
+
+ for (cursor = get_first_page(zspage); cursor != NULL; cursor =
+ get_next_page(cursor)) {
+ if (!trylock_page(cursor)) {
+ fail = cursor;
+ goto unlock;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+unlock:
+ for (cursor = get_first_page(zspage); cursor != fail; cursor =
+ get_next_page(cursor))
+ unlock_page(cursor);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __free_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool, struct size_class *class,
+ struct zspage *zspage)
{
struct page *page, *next;
+ enum fullness_group fg;
+ unsigned int class_idx;
+
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fg);
+
+ assert_spin_locked(&class->lock);

VM_BUG_ON(get_zspage_inuse(zspage));
+ VM_BUG_ON(fg != ZS_EMPTY);

- next = page = zspage->first_page;
+ next = page = get_first_page(zspage);
do {
- next = page->next;
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(page), page);
+ next = get_next_page(page);
reset_page(page);
+ unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
page = next;
} while (page != NULL);

cache_free_zspage(pool, zspage);
+
+ zs_stat_dec(class, OBJ_ALLOCATED, get_maxobj_per_zspage(
+ class->size, class->pages_per_zspage));
+ atomic_long_sub(class->pages_per_zspage,
+ &pool->pages_allocated);
+}
+
+static void free_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool, struct size_class *class,
+ struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ VM_BUG_ON(get_zspage_inuse(zspage));
+ VM_BUG_ON(list_empty(&zspage->list));
+
+ if (!trylock_zspage(zspage)) {
+ kick_deferred_free(pool);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ remove_zspage(class, zspage, ZS_EMPTY);
+ __free_zspage(pool, class, zspage);
}

/* Initialize a newly allocated zspage */
@@ -910,15 +1054,13 @@ static void init_zspage(struct size_class *class, struct zspage *zspage)
{
unsigned int freeobj = 1;
unsigned long off = 0;
- struct page *page = zspage->first_page;
+ struct page *page = get_first_page(zspage);

while (page) {
struct page *next_page;
struct link_free *link;
void *vaddr;

- set_first_obj_offset(page, off);
-
vaddr = kmap_atomic(page);
link = (struct link_free *)vaddr + off / sizeof(*link);

@@ -950,16 +1092,17 @@ static void init_zspage(struct size_class *class, struct zspage *zspage)
set_freeobj(zspage, 0);
}

-static void create_page_chain(struct zspage *zspage, struct page *pages[],
- int nr_pages)
+static void create_page_chain(struct size_class *class, struct zspage *zspage,
+ struct page *pages[])
{
int i;
struct page *page;
struct page *prev_page = NULL;
+ int nr_pages = class->pages_per_zspage;

/*
* Allocate individual pages and link them together as:
- * 1. all pages are linked together using page->next
+ * 1. all pages are linked together using page->freelist
* 2. each sub-page point to zspage using page->private
*
* we set PG_private to identify the first page (i.e. no other sub-page
@@ -968,16 +1111,18 @@ static void create_page_chain(struct zspage *zspage, struct page *pages[],
for (i = 0; i < nr_pages; i++) {
page = pages[i];
set_page_private(page, (unsigned long)zspage);
+ page->freelist = NULL;
if (i == 0) {
zspage->first_page = page;
SetPagePrivate(page);
+ if (unlikely(class->objs_per_zspage == 1 &&
+ class->pages_per_zspage == 1))
+ SetPageHugeObject(page);
} else {
- prev_page->next = page;
+ prev_page->freelist = page;
}
- if (i == nr_pages - 1) {
+ if (i == nr_pages - 1)
SetPagePrivate2(page);
- page->next = NULL;
- }
prev_page = page;
}
}
@@ -997,6 +1142,8 @@ static struct zspage *alloc_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool,
return NULL;

memset(zspage, 0, sizeof(struct zspage));
+ zspage->magic = ZSPAGE_MAGIC;
+ migrate_lock_init(zspage);

for (i = 0; i < class->pages_per_zspage; i++) {
struct page *page;
@@ -1011,7 +1158,7 @@ static struct zspage *alloc_zspage(struct zs_pool *pool,
pages[i] = page;
}

- create_page_chain(zspage, pages, class->pages_per_zspage);
+ create_page_chain(class, zspage, pages);
init_zspage(class, zspage);

return zspage;
@@ -1022,7 +1169,7 @@ static struct zspage *find_get_zspage(struct size_class *class)
int i;
struct zspage *zspage;

- for (i = ZS_ALMOST_FULL; i <= ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY; i++) {
+ for (i = ZS_ALMOST_FULL; i >= ZS_EMPTY; i--) {
zspage = list_first_entry_or_null(&class->fullness_list[i],
struct zspage, list);
if (zspage)
@@ -1287,6 +1434,10 @@ void *zs_map_object(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle,
obj = handle_to_obj(handle);
obj_to_location(obj, &page, &obj_idx);
zspage = get_zspage(page);
+
+ /* migration cannot move any subpage in this zspage */
+ migrate_read_lock(zspage);
+
get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fg);
class = pool->size_class[class_idx];
off = (class->size * obj_idx) & ~PAGE_MASK;
@@ -1307,7 +1458,7 @@ void *zs_map_object(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle,

ret = __zs_map_object(area, pages, off, class->size);
out:
- if (!class->huge)
+ if (likely(!PageHugeObject(page)))
ret += ZS_HANDLE_SIZE;

return ret;
@@ -1346,6 +1497,8 @@ void zs_unmap_object(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
__zs_unmap_object(area, pages, off, class->size);
}
put_cpu_var(zs_map_area);
+
+ migrate_read_unlock(zspage);
unpin_tag(handle);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zs_unmap_object);
@@ -1375,7 +1528,7 @@ static unsigned long obj_malloc(struct size_class *class,
vaddr = kmap_atomic(m_page);
link = (struct link_free *)vaddr + m_offset / sizeof(*link);
set_freeobj(zspage, link->next >> OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG);
- if (!class->huge)
+ if (likely(!PageHugeObject(m_page)))
/* record handle in the header of allocated chunk */
link->handle = handle;
else
@@ -1405,6 +1558,7 @@ unsigned long zs_malloc(struct zs_pool *pool, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)
{
unsigned long handle, obj;
struct size_class *class;
+ enum fullness_group newfg;
struct zspage *zspage;

if (unlikely(!size || size > ZS_MAX_ALLOC_SIZE))
@@ -1420,28 +1574,37 @@ unsigned long zs_malloc(struct zs_pool *pool, size_t size, gfp_t gfp)

spin_lock(&class->lock);
zspage = find_get_zspage(class);
-
- if (!zspage) {
+ if (likely(zspage)) {
+ obj = obj_malloc(class, zspage, handle);
+ /* Now move the zspage to another fullness group, if required */
+ fix_fullness_group(class, zspage);
+ record_obj(handle, obj);
spin_unlock(&class->lock);
- zspage = alloc_zspage(pool, class, gfp);
- if (unlikely(!zspage)) {
- cache_free_handle(pool, handle);
- return 0;
- }

- set_zspage_mapping(zspage, class->index, ZS_EMPTY);
- atomic_long_add(class->pages_per_zspage,
- &pool->pages_allocated);
+ return handle;
+ }

- spin_lock(&class->lock);
- zs_stat_inc(class, OBJ_ALLOCATED, get_maxobj_per_zspage(
- class->size, class->pages_per_zspage));
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+
+ zspage = alloc_zspage(pool, class, gfp);
+ if (!zspage) {
+ cache_free_handle(pool, handle);
+ return 0;
}

+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
obj = obj_malloc(class, zspage, handle);
- /* Now move the zspage to another fullness group, if required */
- fix_fullness_group(class, zspage);
+ newfg = get_fullness_group(class, zspage);
+ insert_zspage(class, zspage, newfg);
+ set_zspage_mapping(zspage, class->index, newfg);
record_obj(handle, obj);
+ atomic_long_add(class->pages_per_zspage,
+ &pool->pages_allocated);
+ zs_stat_inc(class, OBJ_ALLOCATED, get_maxobj_per_zspage(
+ class->size, class->pages_per_zspage));
+
+ /* We completely set up zspage so mark them as movable */
+ SetZsPageMovable(pool, zspage);
spin_unlock(&class->lock);

return handle;
@@ -1482,6 +1645,7 @@ void zs_free(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
int class_idx;
struct size_class *class;
enum fullness_group fullness;
+ bool isolated;

if (unlikely(!handle))
return;
@@ -1491,22 +1655,28 @@ void zs_free(struct zs_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
obj_to_location(obj, &f_page, &f_objidx);
zspage = get_zspage(f_page);

+ migrate_read_lock(zspage);
+
get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fullness);
class = pool->size_class[class_idx];

spin_lock(&class->lock);
obj_free(class, obj);
fullness = fix_fullness_group(class, zspage);
- if (fullness == ZS_EMPTY) {
- zs_stat_dec(class, OBJ_ALLOCATED, get_maxobj_per_zspage(
- class->size, class->pages_per_zspage));
- atomic_long_sub(class->pages_per_zspage,
- &pool->pages_allocated);
- free_zspage(pool, zspage);
+ if (fullness != ZS_EMPTY) {
+ migrate_read_unlock(zspage);
+ goto out;
}
+
+ isolated = get_zspage_isolation(zspage);
+ migrate_read_unlock(zspage);
+ /* If zspage is isolated, zs_page_putback will free the zspage */
+ if (likely(!isolated))
+ free_zspage(pool, class, zspage);
+out:
+
spin_unlock(&class->lock);
unpin_tag(handle);
-
cache_free_handle(pool, handle);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zs_free);
@@ -1585,12 +1755,13 @@ static unsigned long find_alloced_obj(struct size_class *class,
int offset = 0;
unsigned long handle = 0;
void *addr = kmap_atomic(page);
+ struct zspage *zspage = get_zspage(page);

- offset = get_first_obj_offset(page);
+ offset = get_first_obj_offset(class, get_first_page(zspage), page);
offset += class->size * index;

while (offset < PAGE_SIZE) {
- head = obj_to_head(class, page, addr + offset);
+ head = obj_to_head(page, addr + offset);
if (head & OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG) {
handle = head & ~OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG;
if (trypin_tag(handle))
@@ -1682,6 +1853,7 @@ static struct zspage *isolate_zspage(struct size_class *class, bool source)
zspage = list_first_entry_or_null(&class->fullness_list[fg[i]],
struct zspage, list);
if (zspage) {
+ VM_BUG_ON(get_zspage_isolation(zspage));
remove_zspage(class, zspage, fg[i]);
return zspage;
}
@@ -1702,6 +1874,8 @@ static enum fullness_group putback_zspage(struct size_class *class,
{
enum fullness_group fullness;

+ VM_BUG_ON(get_zspage_isolation(zspage));
+
fullness = get_fullness_group(class, zspage);
insert_zspage(class, zspage, fullness);
set_zspage_mapping(zspage, class->index, fullness);
@@ -1709,6 +1883,377 @@ static enum fullness_group putback_zspage(struct size_class *class,
return fullness;
}

+#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
+static struct dentry *zs_mount(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
+ int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data)
+{
+ static const struct dentry_operations ops = {
+ .d_dname = simple_dname,
+ };
+
+ return mount_pseudo(fs_type, "zsmalloc:", NULL, &ops, ZSMALLOC_MAGIC);
+}
+
+static struct file_system_type zsmalloc_fs = {
+ .name = "zsmalloc",
+ .mount = zs_mount,
+ .kill_sb = kill_anon_super,
+};
+
+static int zsmalloc_mount(void)
+{
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ zsmalloc_mnt = kern_mount(&zsmalloc_fs);
+ if (IS_ERR(zsmalloc_mnt))
+ ret = PTR_ERR(zsmalloc_mnt);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void zsmalloc_unmount(void)
+{
+ kern_unmount(zsmalloc_mnt);
+}
+
+static void migrate_lock_init(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ rwlock_init(&zspage->lock);
+}
+
+static void migrate_read_lock(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ read_lock(&zspage->lock);
+}
+
+static void migrate_read_unlock(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ read_unlock(&zspage->lock);
+}
+
+static void migrate_write_lock(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ write_lock(&zspage->lock);
+}
+
+static void migrate_write_unlock(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ write_unlock(&zspage->lock);
+}
+
+/* Number of isolated subpage for *page migration* in this zspage */
+static void inc_zspage_isolation(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ zspage->isolated++;
+}
+
+static void dec_zspage_isolation(struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ zspage->isolated--;
+}
+
+static void replace_sub_page(struct size_class *class, struct zspage *zspage,
+ struct page *newpage, struct page *oldpage)
+{
+ struct page *page;
+ struct page *pages[ZS_MAX_PAGES_PER_ZSPAGE] = {NULL, };
+ int idx = 0;
+
+ page = get_first_page(zspage);
+ do {
+ if (page == oldpage)
+ pages[idx] = newpage;
+ else
+ pages[idx] = page;
+ idx++;
+ } while ((page = get_next_page(page)) != NULL);
+
+ create_page_chain(class, zspage, pages);
+ if (unlikely(PageHugeObject(oldpage)))
+ newpage->index = oldpage->index;
+ __SetPageMovable(newpage, page_mapping(oldpage));
+}
+
+bool zs_page_isolate(struct page *page, isolate_mode_t mode)
+{
+ struct zs_pool *pool;
+ struct size_class *class;
+ int class_idx;
+ enum fullness_group fullness;
+ struct zspage *zspage;
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+
+ /*
+ * Page is locked so zspage couldn't be destroyed. For detail, look at
+ * lock_zspage in free_zspage.
+ */
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageMovable(page), page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(PageIsolated(page), page);
+
+ zspage = get_zspage(page);
+
+ /*
+ * Without class lock, fullness could be stale while class_idx is okay
+ * because class_idx is constant unless page is freed so we should get
+ * fullness again under class lock.
+ */
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fullness);
+ mapping = page_mapping(page);
+ pool = mapping->private_data;
+ class = pool->size_class[class_idx];
+
+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
+ if (get_zspage_inuse(zspage) == 0) {
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /* zspage is isolated for object migration */
+ if (list_empty(&zspage->list) && !get_zspage_isolation(zspage)) {
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+ return false;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * If this is first time isolation for the zspage, isolate zspage from
+ * size_class to prevent further object allocation from the zspage.
+ */
+ if (!list_empty(&zspage->list) && !get_zspage_isolation(zspage)) {
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fullness);
+ remove_zspage(class, zspage, fullness);
+ }
+
+ inc_zspage_isolation(zspage);
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+
+ return true;
+}
+
+int zs_page_migrate(struct address_space *mapping, struct page *newpage,
+ struct page *page, enum migrate_mode mode)
+{
+ struct zs_pool *pool;
+ struct size_class *class;
+ int class_idx;
+ enum fullness_group fullness;
+ struct zspage *zspage;
+ struct page *dummy;
+ void *s_addr, *d_addr, *addr;
+ int offset, pos;
+ unsigned long handle, head;
+ unsigned long old_obj, new_obj;
+ unsigned int obj_idx;
+ int ret = -EAGAIN;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageMovable(page), page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);
+
+ zspage = get_zspage(page);
+
+ /* Concurrent compactor cannot migrate any subpage in zspage */
+ migrate_write_lock(zspage);
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fullness);
+ pool = mapping->private_data;
+ class = pool->size_class[class_idx];
+ offset = get_first_obj_offset(class, get_first_page(zspage), page);
+
+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
+ if (!get_zspage_inuse(zspage)) {
+ ret = -EBUSY;
+ goto unlock_class;
+ }
+
+ pos = offset;
+ s_addr = kmap_atomic(page);
+ while (pos < PAGE_SIZE) {
+ head = obj_to_head(page, s_addr + pos);
+ if (head & OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG) {
+ handle = head & ~OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG;
+ if (!trypin_tag(handle))
+ goto unpin_objects;
+ }
+ pos += class->size;
+ }
+
+ /*
+ * Here, any user cannot access all objects in the zspage so let's move.
+ */
+ d_addr = kmap_atomic(newpage);
+ memcpy(d_addr, s_addr, PAGE_SIZE);
+ kunmap_atomic(d_addr);
+
+ for (addr = s_addr + offset; addr < s_addr + pos;
+ addr += class->size) {
+ head = obj_to_head(page, addr);
+ if (head & OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG) {
+ handle = head & ~OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG;
+ if (!testpin_tag(handle))
+ BUG();
+
+ old_obj = handle_to_obj(handle);
+ obj_to_location(old_obj, &dummy, &obj_idx);
+ new_obj = (unsigned long)location_to_obj(newpage,
+ obj_idx);
+ new_obj |= BIT(HANDLE_PIN_BIT);
+ record_obj(handle, new_obj);
+ }
+ }
+
+ replace_sub_page(class, zspage, newpage, page);
+ get_page(newpage);
+
+ dec_zspage_isolation(zspage);
+
+ /*
+ * Page migration is done so let's putback isolated zspage to
+ * the list if @page is final isolated subpage in the zspage.
+ */
+ if (!get_zspage_isolation(zspage))
+ putback_zspage(class, zspage);
+
+ reset_page(page);
+ put_page(page);
+ page = newpage;
+
+ ret = MIGRATEPAGE_SUCCESS;
+unpin_objects:
+ for (addr = s_addr + offset; addr < s_addr + pos;
+ addr += class->size) {
+ head = obj_to_head(page, addr);
+ if (head & OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG) {
+ handle = head & ~OBJ_ALLOCATED_TAG;
+ if (!testpin_tag(handle))
+ BUG();
+ unpin_tag(handle);
+ }
+ }
+ kunmap_atomic(s_addr);
+unlock_class:
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+ migrate_write_unlock(zspage);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+void zs_page_putback(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct zs_pool *pool;
+ struct size_class *class;
+ int class_idx;
+ enum fullness_group fg;
+ struct address_space *mapping;
+ struct zspage *zspage;
+
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageMovable(page), page);
+ VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageIsolated(page), page);
+
+ zspage = get_zspage(page);
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fg);
+ mapping = page_mapping(page);
+ pool = mapping->private_data;
+ class = pool->size_class[class_idx];
+
+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
+ dec_zspage_isolation(zspage);
+ if (!get_zspage_isolation(zspage)) {
+ fg = putback_zspage(class, zspage);
+ /*
+ * Due to page_lock, we cannot free zspage immediately
+ * so let's defer.
+ */
+ if (fg == ZS_EMPTY)
+ schedule_work(&pool->free_work);
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+}
+
+const struct address_space_operations zsmalloc_aops = {
+ .isolate_page = zs_page_isolate,
+ .migratepage = zs_page_migrate,
+ .putback_page = zs_page_putback,
+};
+
+static int zs_register_migration(struct zs_pool *pool)
+{
+ pool->inode = alloc_anon_inode(zsmalloc_mnt->mnt_sb);
+ if (IS_ERR(pool->inode)) {
+ pool->inode = NULL;
+ return 1;
+ }
+
+ pool->inode->i_mapping->private_data = pool;
+ pool->inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &zsmalloc_aops;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void zs_unregister_migration(struct zs_pool *pool)
+{
+ flush_work(&pool->free_work);
+ if (pool->inode)
+ iput(pool->inode);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Caller should hold page_lock of all pages in the zspage
+ * In here, we cannot use zspage meta data.
+ */
+static void async_free_zspage(struct work_struct *work)
+{
+ int i;
+ struct size_class *class;
+ unsigned int class_idx;
+ enum fullness_group fullness;
+ struct zspage *zspage, *tmp;
+ LIST_HEAD(free_pages);
+ struct zs_pool *pool = container_of(work, struct zs_pool,
+ free_work);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < zs_size_classes; i++) {
+ class = pool->size_class[i];
+ if (class->index != i)
+ continue;
+
+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
+ list_splice_init(&class->fullness_list[ZS_EMPTY], &free_pages);
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+ }
+
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(zspage, tmp, &free_pages, list) {
+ list_del(&zspage->list);
+ lock_zspage(zspage);
+
+ get_zspage_mapping(zspage, &class_idx, &fullness);
+ VM_BUG_ON(fullness != ZS_EMPTY);
+ class = pool->size_class[class_idx];
+ spin_lock(&class->lock);
+ __free_zspage(pool, pool->size_class[class_idx], zspage);
+ spin_unlock(&class->lock);
+ }
+};
+
+static void kick_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool)
+{
+ schedule_work(&pool->free_work);
+}
+
+static void init_deferred_free(struct zs_pool *pool)
+{
+ INIT_WORK(&pool->free_work, async_free_zspage);
+}
+
+static void SetZsPageMovable(struct zs_pool *pool, struct zspage *zspage)
+{
+ struct page *page = get_first_page(zspage);
+
+ do {
+ WARN_ON(!trylock_page(page));
+ __SetPageMovable(page, pool->inode->i_mapping);
+ unlock_page(page);
+ } while ((page = get_next_page(page)) != NULL);
+}
+#endif
+
/*
*
* Based on the number of unused allocated objects calculate
@@ -1740,10 +2285,10 @@ static void __zs_compact(struct zs_pool *pool, struct size_class *class)
break;

cc.index = 0;
- cc.s_page = src_zspage->first_page;
+ cc.s_page = get_first_page(src_zspage);

while ((dst_zspage = isolate_zspage(class, false))) {
- cc.d_page = dst_zspage->first_page;
+ cc.d_page = get_first_page(dst_zspage);
/*
* If there is no more space in dst_page, resched
* and see if anyone had allocated another zspage.
@@ -1760,11 +2305,7 @@ static void __zs_compact(struct zs_pool *pool, struct size_class *class)

putback_zspage(class, dst_zspage);
if (putback_zspage(class, src_zspage) == ZS_EMPTY) {
- zs_stat_dec(class, OBJ_ALLOCATED, get_maxobj_per_zspage(
- class->size, class->pages_per_zspage));
- atomic_long_sub(class->pages_per_zspage,
- &pool->pages_allocated);
- free_zspage(pool, src_zspage);
+ free_zspage(pool, class, src_zspage);
pool->stats.pages_compacted += class->pages_per_zspage;
}
spin_unlock(&class->lock);
@@ -1880,6 +2421,7 @@ struct zs_pool *zs_create_pool(const char *name)
if (!pool)
return NULL;

+ init_deferred_free(pool);
pool->size_class = kcalloc(zs_size_classes, sizeof(struct size_class *),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pool->size_class) {
@@ -1934,12 +2476,10 @@ struct zs_pool *zs_create_pool(const char *name)
class->pages_per_zspage = pages_per_zspage;
class->objs_per_zspage = class->pages_per_zspage *
PAGE_SIZE / class->size;
- if (pages_per_zspage == 1 && class->objs_per_zspage == 1)
- class->huge = true;
spin_lock_init(&class->lock);
pool->size_class[i] = class;
- for (fullness = ZS_ALMOST_FULL; fullness <= ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY;
- fullness++)
+ for (fullness = ZS_EMPTY; fullness < NR_ZS_FULLNESS;
+ fullness++)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&class->fullness_list[fullness]);

prev_class = class;
@@ -1948,6 +2488,9 @@ struct zs_pool *zs_create_pool(const char *name)
/* debug only, don't abort if it fails */
zs_pool_stat_create(pool, name);

+ if (zs_register_migration(pool))
+ goto err;
+
/*
* Not critical, we still can use the pool
* and user can trigger compaction manually.
@@ -1967,6 +2510,7 @@ void zs_destroy_pool(struct zs_pool *pool)
int i;

zs_unregister_shrinker(pool);
+ zs_unregister_migration(pool);
zs_pool_stat_destroy(pool);

for (i = 0; i < zs_size_classes; i++) {
@@ -1979,7 +2523,7 @@ void zs_destroy_pool(struct zs_pool *pool)
if (class->index != i)
continue;

- for (fg = ZS_ALMOST_FULL; fg <= ZS_ALMOST_EMPTY; fg++) {
+ for (fg = ZS_EMPTY; fg < NR_ZS_FULLNESS; fg++) {
if (!list_empty(&class->fullness_list[fg])) {
pr_info("Freeing non-empty class with size %db, fullness group %d\n",
class->size, fg);
@@ -1997,7 +2541,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(zs_destroy_pool);

static int __init zs_init(void)
{
- int ret = zs_register_cpu_notifier();
+ int ret;
+
+ ret = zsmalloc_mount();
+ if (ret)
+ goto out;
+
+ ret = zs_register_cpu_notifier();

if (ret)
goto notifier_fail;
@@ -2021,7 +2571,8 @@ static int __init zs_init(void)
#endif
notifier_fail:
zs_unregister_cpu_notifier();
-
+ zsmalloc_unmount();
+out:
return ret;
}

@@ -2030,6 +2581,7 @@ static void __exit zs_exit(void)
#ifdef CONFIG_ZPOOL
zpool_unregister_driver(&zs_zpool_driver);
#endif
+ zsmalloc_unmount();
zs_unregister_cpu_notifier();

zs_stat_exit();
--
1.9.1
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