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Subject[patch 2/2] tick/broadcast: Handle spurious interrupts gracefully
Andriy reported that on a virtual machine the warning about negative
expiry time in the clock events programming code triggered:

hpet: hpet0 irq 40 for MSI
hpet: hpet1 irq 41 for MSI
Switching to clocksource hpet
WARNING: at kernel/time/clockevents.c:239

[<ffffffff810ce6eb>] clockevents_program_event+0xdb/0xf0
[<ffffffff810cf211>] tick_handle_periodic_broadcast+0x41/0x50
[<ffffffff81016525>] timer_interrupt+0x15/0x20

When the second hpet is installed as a per cpu timer the broadcast
event is not longer required and stopped, which sets the next_evt of
the broadcast device to KTIME_MAX.

If after that a spurious interrupt happens on the broadcast device,
then the current code blindly handles it and tries to reprogram the
broadcast device afterwards, which adds the period to
next_evt. KTIME_MAX + period results in a negative expiry value
causing the WARN_ON in the clockevents code to trigger.

Add a proper check for the state of the broadcast device into the
interrupt handler and return if the interrupt is spurious.

Reported-by: Andriy Gapon <>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <>
kernel/time/tick-broadcast.c | 7 +++++++
1 file changed, 7 insertions(+)

Index: tip/kernel/time/tick-broadcast.c
--- tip.orig/kernel/time/tick-broadcast.c
+++ tip/kernel/time/tick-broadcast.c
@@ -301,6 +301,13 @@ static void tick_handle_periodic_broadca
bool bc_local;

+ /* Handle spurious interrupts gracefully */
+ if (clockevent_state_shutdown(&tick_broadcast_device.evtdev)) {
+ raw_spin_unlock(&tick_broadcast_lock);
+ return;
+ }
bc_local = tick_do_periodic_broadcast();

if (clockevent_state_oneshot(dev)) {

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