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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 08/25] arch: introduce memremap()
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On Mon, Jul 27, 2015 at 4:17 PM, Luis R. Rodriguez <mcgrof@suse.com> wrote:
> On Fri, Jul 24, 2015 at 10:38:42PM -0400, Dan Williams wrote:
>> Existing users of ioremap_cache() are mapping memory that is known in
>> advance to not have i/o side effects. These users are forced to cast
>> away the __iomem annotation, or otherwise neglect to fix the sparse
>> errors thrown when dereferencing pointers to this memory. Provide
>> memremap() as a non __iomem annotated ioremap_*() in the case when
>> ioremap is otherwise a pointer to memory.
>
> Ok so a special use case.
>
>> Outside of ioremap() and
>> ioremap_nocache(), the expectation is that most calls to
>> ioremap_<type>() are seeking memory-like semantics (e.g. speculative
>> reads, and prefetching permitted). These callsites can be moved to
>> memremap() over time.
>
> Such memory-like smantics are not well defined yet and this has caused
> issues over expectations over a slew of APIs. As you note above
> your own defined 'semantics' so far for memremap are just that there are
> no i/o side effects, when the mapped memory is just a pointer to memory,
> as such I do not think its fair to set the excpectations that we'll
> switch all other ioremap_*() callers to the same memremap() API. Now,
> it may be a good idea to use something similar, ie, to pass flags,
> but setting the expectations outright to move to memremap() without having
> any agreement having been made over semantics seems uncalled for at this
> point in time, specially when you are noting that the expectations for
> both sets of calls are different.
>
> So perhaps:
>
> "
> Outside of ioremap() and ioremap_nocache(), all other ioremap_<type>()
> variant calls are seeking memory-like semantics (e.g. speculative
> reads, and prefetching permitted) and all calls expecations currently
> differ depending on architecture. Once and if we get agreement on such
> semantics we may be able to move such ioremap_*() variant calls to
> a similar API where the semantics required are clearly spelled out
> and well defined and passed as arguments.

I still think ioremap_wc(), and now ioremap_uc(), are special and are
not obvious candidates for conversion to memremap().

> "
>
>> diff --git a/kernel/memremap.c b/kernel/memremap.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..ba206fd11785
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/kernel/memremap.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,82 @@
>> +/*
>> + * Copyright(c) 2015 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved.
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public License as
>> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
>> + *
>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
>> + * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
>> + * General Public License for more details.
>> + */
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>> +#include <linux/io.h>
>> +#include <linux/mm.h>
>> +
>> +#ifndef ioremap_cache
>> +/* temporary while we convert existing ioremap_cache users to memremap */
>> +__weak void __iomem *ioremap_cache(resource_size_t offset, unsigned long size)
>> +{
>> + return ioremap(offset, size);
>> +}
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +/*
>> + * memremap() is "ioremap" for cases where it is known that the resource
>> + * being mapped does not have i/o side effects and the __iomem
>> + * annotation is not applicable.
>> + */
>> +void *memremap(resource_size_t offset, size_t size, unsigned long flags)
>> +{
>> + int is_ram = region_is_ram(offset, size);
>> + void *addr = NULL;
>> +
>> + if (is_ram < 0) {
>> + WARN_ONCE(1, "memremap attempted on mixed range %pa size: %zu\n",
>> + &offset, size);
>> + return NULL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* Try all mapping types requested until one returns non-NULL */
>> + if (flags & MEMREMAP_CACHE) {
>> + flags &= ~MEMREMAP_CACHE;
>> + /*
>> + * MEMREMAP_CACHE is special in that it can be satisifed
>> + * from the direct map. Some archs depend on the
>> + * capability of memremap() to autodetect cases where
>> + * the requested range is potentially in "System RAM"
>> + */
>> + if (is_ram)
>> + addr = __va(offset);
>
> The no MMU case seems to match this, can that be switch to this?

Hmm, it may be possible to consolidate all the NOMMU cases here.
That's a good incremental cleanup once these base patches are merged.


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