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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86: Align jump targets to 1 byte boundaries
On Mon, Sep 17, 2001 at 07:00:00AM +0000, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com> wrote:
> > > What do you guys think about this? I think we should seriously
> > > consider relaxing our alignment defaults.
> >
> > Looks like nobody objected. I think it's ok to submit
> > this patch for real.
>
> Yeah, so my plan is to apply the following three changes from that
> discussion:
>
> --- tip.orig/arch/x86/Makefile
> +++ tip/arch/x86/Makefile
> <at> <at> -77,6 +77,15 <at> <at> else
> KBUILD_AFLAGS += -m64
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -m64
>
> + # Pack jump targets tightly, don't align them to the default 16 bytes:
> + KBUILD_CFLAGS += -falign-jumps=1
> +
> + # Pack functions tightly as well:
> + KBUILD_CFLAGS += -falign-functions=1
> +
> + # Pack loops tightly as well:
> + KBUILD_CFLAGS += -falign-loops=1
> +
> # Don't autogenerate traditional x87 instructions
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-80387)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-mno-fp-ret-in-387)

It looks like the patch you applied to the tip tree only included one of
these (-falign-junmps=1), not the other two.

Also, you've only applied these to 64-bit; could you please apply them
to both 32-bit and 64-bit, since many embedded systems aiming for small
code size use 32-bit? (Unless 32-bit already defaults to these.)

Have you considered including -falign-labels=1 as well? Does that make
a difference on top of the other three.

Finally, it looks like -Os already implies all four of those, as well
as a few others, so unfortunately the code size benefits don't actually
apply to the tiniest kernels, which already effectively incorporate this
change. Oh well.

- Josh Triplett


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