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Subject[PATCH v3 3/3] iio: Documentation: Add documentation for IIO configfs
Signed-off-by: Daniel Baluta <>
Changes since v2:
* fix some whitespace issues reported by Paul

Changes since v1:
* addressed feedback for v1:
* adapted to match the changes in patches 1 and 2
* fixed some typos and clarified further work

Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt | 83 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 83 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt b/Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ace7b54
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/iio/iio_configfs.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@
+Industrial IIO configfs support
+1. Overview
+Configfs is a filesystem-based manager of kernel objects. IIO uses some
+objects that could be easily configured using configfs (e.g.: devices,
+See Documentation/filesystems/configfs/configfs.txt for more information
+about how configfs works.
+2. Usage
+In order to use configfs support in IIO we need to select it at compile
+time via CONFIG_IIO_CONFIGFS config option.
+Then, mount the configfs filesystem (usually under /config directory):
+$ mkdir /config
+$ mount -t configfs none /config
+At this point, all default IIO groups will be created and can be accessed
+under /config/iio. Next chapters will describe available IIO configuration
+3. Software triggers
+One of the IIO default configfs groups is the "triggers" groups. It is
+automagically accessible when the configfs is mounted and can be found
+under /config/iio/triggers.
+Under /config/iio/triggers we will create trigger types. For the moment
+we have "hrtimer" trigger type and we plan to add at least one more type,
+the "sysfs" trigger type.
+3.1 Trigger types
+Represent a specific type of trigger. For now we have an implementation
+for "hrtimer" trigger type.
+3.2. Trigger creation and destruction
+As simply as:
+$ mkdir /config/triggers/hrtimer/my_trigger
+Creating my_trigger directory will result in creation of "my_trigger"
+trigger of "hrtimer" type. Destruction happens when my_trigger directory
+is removed.
+Each trigger can have one or more attributes specific to the trigger type.
+3.3 "hrtimer" trigger types attributes
+"hrtimer" trigger type has only one attribute:
+$ ls /config/triggers/hrtimer/my_trigger
+delay - represents the amount of time in nanoseconds between two
+consecutive iio_trigger_poll calls. By default it is set to 100000000,
+that is the equivalent of a 100Hz frequency.
+3.4. Adding a new trigger type
+In order to add a new trigger type, one needs to:
+* [iio_configfs_trigger.h]
+ ** add a new IIO_TRIGGER_TYPE
+* [iio-trig-<type>.c]
+ ** declare and initialize a structure of type
+ iio_configfs_trigger_type
+ ** implement needed iio_configfs_trigger_ops
+ ** register/unregister the new trigger
+ type with the IIO configfs core
+* [industrialiio-configfs.c]
+ ** create a new group type and add it in the default group of
+ trigger types.
+ ** create new attributes and them to the IIO configfs core.
+4. Further work
+* add "sysfs" trigger type

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