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SubjectRe: [PATCHv9 0/7] add compressing abstraction and multi stream support
On (04/16/14 15:53), Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz wrote:
> Hi,
>
> I'm a bit late on this patch series (sorry for that) but why are we not
> using Crypto API for compression algorithm selection and multi stream
> support? Compared to the earlier patches for zram like the ones we did
> in July 2013 [1] this patch series requires us to:
>
> - implement compression algorithm support for each algorithm separately
> (when using Crypto API all compression algorithms supported by Crypto
> API are supported automatically)
>
> - manually set the number of maximum active compression streams (earlier
> patches using Crypto API needed a lot less code and automatically scaled
> number of compression streams to number of online CPUs)

Hello Bartlomiej,

there was a short discussion of `custom solution' vs `crypto API'.
personally, I was not impressed by Crypto API. basically it requires
a) locking of transformation context (if we have only one tfm
for everyone)
or
b) having some sort of a list of tfms
or
c) storing tfm in a per_cpu area.

c) requires ZRAM block device to become CPU hotplug aware and to begin
reacting on onlining/offlining of a CPU by allocating/deallocating of
transformation context. allocating new tfm potentially could a problem
if system is under memory pressure and ZRAM is used as a swap device.
besides, c) also requires additional locking via get_cpu()/put_cpu()
around every comp op.

in overall, that was something that I wanted to avoid. current solution
does not depend on CPU notifier (which is a good thing for a block device
driver, imho) and, thus, looks simpler in some ways. yet we still have
ability to scale.

there was a patch that was letting ZRAM to automatically scale number of
compression streams to number of online CPUs, but Minchan wanted explicit
one-stream-only option for swap device use-case.

the other thing to mention is that CPU offlining API was under rework at
that time by Srivatsa S. Bhat (cpu_notifier_register_begin(),
cpu_notifier_register_done()) due to discovered races, which resulted in
a patchset of 50+ patches (every existing CPU notifier user, including
zsmalloc) and that played as additional factor.


-ss

> From what I see the pros of the current patch series are:
>
> - dynamic selection of the compression algorithm
>
> - ability to limit number of active streams below tha number of online CPUs
>
> However I believe that both above features can be also implemented on top of
> the code using Crypto API. What am I missing?
>
> [1] https://lkml.org/lkml/2013/7/30/365
>
> Best regards,
> --
> Bartlomiej Zolnierkiewicz
> Samsung R&D Institute Poland
> Samsung Electronics
>
> On Thursday, March 06, 2014 05:11:37 PM Minchan Kim wrote:
> > Hello Sergey,
> >
> > Sorry for the late.
> >
> > Today, I tested this patch and confirm that it's really good.
> > I send result for the record.
> >
> > In x86(4core and x2 hyper threading, i7, 2.8GHz), I did parallel 4 dd
> > test with 200m file like below
> >
> > dd if=./test200m.file of=mnt/file1 bs=512k count=1024 oflag=direct &
> > dd if=./test200m.file of=mnt/file2 bs=512k count=1024 oflag=direct &
> > dd if=./test200m.file of=mnt/file3 bs=512k count=1024 oflag=direct &
> > dd if=./test200m.file of=mnt/file4 bs=512k count=1024 oflag=direct &
> > wait all backgroud job
> >
> > The result is
> >
> > When 1 max_comp_streams, elapsed time is 36.26s
> > When 8 max_comp_streams, elapsed time is 4.09s
> >
> > In ARM(4core, ARMv7, 1.5GHz), I did iozone test.
> >
> > 1 max_comp_streams, 8 max_comp_streams
> > ==Initial write ==Initial write
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 141964.05 avg: 239632.54
> > std: 3532.11 (2.49%) std: 43863.53 (18.30%)
> > max: 147900.45 max: 319046.62
> > min: 135363.73 min: 178929.40
> > ==Rewrite ==Rewrite
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 144757.46 avg: 247410.80
> > std: 4019.19 (2.78%) std: 37378.42 (15.11%)
> > max: 150757.72 max: 293284.84
> > min: 135127.55 min: 188984.27
> > ==Read ==Read
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 208325.22 avg: 202894.24
> > std: 57072.62 (27.40%) std: 41099.56 (20.26%)
> > max: 293428.96 max: 289581.12
> > min: 79445.37 min: 157478.27
> > ==Re-read ==Re-read
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 204750.36 avg: 237406.96
> > std: 36959.99 (18.05%) std: 41518.36 (17.49%)
> > max: 268399.89 max: 286898.13
> > min: 154831.28 min: 160326.88
> > ==Reverse Read ==Reverse Read
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 215043.10 avg: 208946.35
> > std: 31239.60 (14.53%) std: 38859.74 (18.60%)
> > max: 251564.57 max: 284481.31
> > min: 154719.20 min: 155024.33
> > ==Stride read ==Stride read
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 227246.54 avg: 198925.10
> > std: 31105.89 (13.69%) std: 30721.86 (15.44%)
> > max: 290020.34 max: 227178.70
> > min: 157399.46 min: 153592.91
> > ==Random read ==Random read
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 238239.81 avg: 216298.41
> > std: 37276.91 (15.65%) std: 38194.73 (17.66%)
> > max: 291416.20 max: 286345.37
> > min: 152734.23 min: 151871.52
> > ==Mixed workload ==Mixed workload
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 208434.11 avg: 234355.66
> > std: 31385.40 (15.06%) std: 22064.02 (9.41%)
> > max: 253990.11 max: 270412.58
> > min: 162041.47 min: 186052.12
> > ==Random write ==Random write
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 142172.54 avg: 290231.28
> > std: 6233.67 (4.38%) std: 46462.35 (16.01%)
> > max: 150652.40 max: 338096.54
> > min: 130584.14 min: 183253.25
> > ==Pwrite ==Pwrite
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 141247.91 avg: 267085.70
> > std: 6756.08 (4.78%) std: 40019.39 (14.98%)
> > max: 150239.13 max: 335512.33
> > min: 130456.98 min: 180832.45
> > ==Pread ==Pread
> > records: 10 records: 10
> > avg: 214990.26 avg: 208730.94
> > std: 40701.79 (18.93%) std: 50797.78 (24.34%)
> > max: 287060.54 max: 300675.25
> > min: 157642.17 min: 156763.98
> >
> > So, all write test both x86 and ARM is really huge win
> > and I couldn't find any regression!
> >
> > Thanks for nice work.
> >
> > For all patchset,
> >
> > Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> >
> > On Fri, Feb 28, 2014 at 08:52:00PM +0300, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> > > This patchset introduces zcomp compression backend abstraction
> > > adding ability to support compression algorithms other than LZO;
> > > support for multi compression streams, making parallel compressions
> > > possible; adds support for LZ4 compression algorithm.
> > >
> > > v8->v9 (reviewed by Andrew Morton):
> > > -- add LZ4 backend (+iozone test vs LZO)
> > > -- merge patches 'zram: document max_comp_streams' and 'zram: add multi
> > > stream functionality'
> > > -- do not extern backend struct from source file
> > > -- use find()/release() naming instead of get()/put()
> > > -- minor code, commit messages and code comments `nitpicks'
> > > -- removed Acked-by Minchan Kim from first two patches, because I've
> > > changed them a bit.
> > >
> > > v7->v8 (reviewed by Minchan Kim):
> > > -- merge patches 'add multi stream functionality' and 'enable multi
> > > stream compression support in zram'
> > > -- return status code from set_max_streams knob and print message on
> > > error
> > > -- do not use atomic type for ->avail_strm
> > > -- return back: allocate by default only one stream for multi stream backend
> > > -- wake sleeping write in zcomp_strm_multi_put() only if we put stream
> > > to idle list
> > > -- minor code `nitpicks'
> > >
> > > v6->v7 (reviewed by Minchan Kim):
> > > -- enable multi and single stream support out of the box (drop
> > > ZRAM_MULTI_STREAM config option)
> > > -- add set_max_stream knob, so we can adjust max number of compression
> > > streams in runtime (for multi stream backend at the moment)
> > > -- minor code `nitpicks'
> > >
> > > v5->v6 (reviewed by Minchan Kim):
> > > -- handle single compression stream case separately, using mutex locking,
> > > to address perfomance regression
> > > -- handle multi compression stream using spin lock and wait_event()/wake_up()
> > > -- make multi compression stream support configurable (ZRAM_MULTI_STREAM
> > > config option)
> > >
> > > v4->v5 (reviewed by Minchan Kim):
> > > -- renamed zcomp buffer_lock; removed src len and dst len from
> > > compress() and decompress(); not using term `buffer' and
> > > `workmem' in code and documentation; define compress() and
> > > decompress() functions for LZO backend; not using goto's;
> > > do not put idle zcomp_strm to idle list tail.
> > >
> > > v3->v4 (reviewed by Minchan Kim):
> > > -- renamed compression backend and working memory structs as requested
> > > by Minchan Kim; fixed several issues noted by Minchan Kim.
> > >
> > > Sergey Senozhatsky (7):
> > > zram: introduce compressing backend abstraction
> > > zram: use zcomp compressing backends
> > > zram: factor out single stream compression
> > > zram: add multi stream functionality
> > > zram: add set_max_streams knob
> > > zram: make compression algorithm selection possible
> > > zram: add lz4 algorithm backend
> > >
> > > Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-block-zram | 17 +-
> > > Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt | 45 +++-
> > > drivers/block/zram/Kconfig | 10 +
> > > drivers/block/zram/Makefile | 4 +-
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c | 349 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h | 68 ++++++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c | 47 ++++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h | 17 ++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c | 47 ++++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h | 17 ++
> > > drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c | 131 ++++++++---
> > > drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h | 11 +-
> > > 12 files changed, 715 insertions(+), 48 deletions(-)
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp.c
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp.h
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.c
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lz4.h
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.c
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/block/zram/zcomp_lzo.h
>


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