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Subject[PATCH 4/8] printk: Remove separate printk_sched buffers and use printk buf instead
Date
From: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>

To prevent deadlocks with doing a printk inside the scheduler,
printk_sched() was created. The issue is that printk has a console_sem
that it can grab and release. The release does a wake up if there's a
task pending on the sem, and this wake up grabs the rq locks that is
held in the scheduler. This leads to a possible deadlock if the wake up
uses the same rq as the one with the rq lock held already.

What printk_sched() does is to save the printk write in a per cpu buffer
and sets the PRINTK_PENDING_SCHED flag. On a timer tick, if this flag is
set, the printk() is done against the buffer.

There's a couple of issues with this approach.

1) If two printk_sched()s are called before the tick, the second one
will overwrite the first one.

2) The temporary buffer is 512 bytes and is per cpu. This is a quite a
bit of space wasted for something that is seldom used.

In order to remove this, the printk_sched() can use the printk buffer
instead, and delay the console_trylock()/console_unlock() to the queued
work.

Because printk_sched() would then be taking the logbuf_lock, the
logbuf_lock must not be held while doing anything that may call into the
scheduler functions, which includes wake ups. Unfortunately, printk()
also has a console_sem that it uses, and on release, the
up(&console_sem) may do a wake up of any pending waiters. This must be
avoided while holding the logbuf_lock.

Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
---
kernel/printk/printk.c | 47 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------------
1 file changed, 29 insertions(+), 18 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index 56649edfae9c..91c554e027c5 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -68,6 +68,9 @@ int console_printk[4] = {
DEFAULT_CONSOLE_LOGLEVEL, /* default_console_loglevel */
};

+/* Deferred messaged from sched code are marked by this special level */
+#define SCHED_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL -2
+
/*
* Low level drivers may need that to know if they can schedule in
* their unblank() callback or not. So let's export it.
@@ -206,7 +209,9 @@ struct printk_log {
};

/*
- * The logbuf_lock protects kmsg buffer, indices, counters.
+ * The logbuf_lock protects kmsg buffer, indices, counters. This can be taken
+ * within the scheduler's rq lock. It must be released before calling
+ * console_unlock() or anything else that might wake up a process.
*/
static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(logbuf_lock);

@@ -1473,14 +1478,19 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
static int recursion_bug;
static char textbuf[LOG_LINE_MAX];
char *text = textbuf;
- size_t text_len;
+ size_t text_len = 0;
enum log_flags lflags = 0;
unsigned long flags;
int this_cpu;
int printed_len = 0;
+ bool in_sched = false;
/* cpu currently holding logbuf_lock in this function */
static volatile unsigned int logbuf_cpu = UINT_MAX;

+ if (level == SCHED_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL) {
+ level = -1;
+ in_sched = true;
+ }

boot_delay_msec(level);
printk_delay();
@@ -1527,7 +1537,12 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
* The printf needs to come first; we need the syslog
* prefix which might be passed-in as a parameter.
*/
- text_len = vscnprintf(text, sizeof(textbuf), fmt, args);
+ if (in_sched)
+ text_len = scnprintf(text, sizeof(textbuf),
+ KERN_WARNING "[sched_delayed] ");
+
+ text_len += vscnprintf(text + text_len,
+ sizeof(textbuf) - text_len, fmt, args);

/* mark and strip a trailing newline */
if (text_len && text[text_len-1] == '\n') {
@@ -1602,6 +1617,10 @@ asmlinkage int vprintk_emit(int facility, int level,
lockdep_on();
local_irq_restore(flags);

+ /* If called from the scheduler, we can not call up(). */
+ if (in_sched)
+ return printed_len;
+
/*
* Disable preemption to avoid being preempted while holding
* console_sem which would prevent anyone from printing to console
@@ -2423,21 +2442,19 @@ late_initcall(printk_late_init);
/*
* Delayed printk version, for scheduler-internal messages:
*/
-#define PRINTK_BUF_SIZE 512
-
#define PRINTK_PENDING_WAKEUP 0x01
-#define PRINTK_PENDING_SCHED 0x02
+#define PRINTK_PENDING_OUTPUT 0x02

static DEFINE_PER_CPU(int, printk_pending);
-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(char [PRINTK_BUF_SIZE], printk_sched_buf);

static void wake_up_klogd_work_func(struct irq_work *irq_work)
{
int pending = __this_cpu_xchg(printk_pending, 0);

- if (pending & PRINTK_PENDING_SCHED) {
- char *buf = __get_cpu_var(printk_sched_buf);
- pr_warn("[sched_delayed] %s", buf);
+ if (pending & PRINTK_PENDING_OUTPUT) {
+ /* If trylock fails, someone else is doing the printing */
+ if (console_trylock())
+ console_unlock();
}

if (pending & PRINTK_PENDING_WAKEUP)
@@ -2461,21 +2478,15 @@ void wake_up_klogd(void)

int printk_sched(const char *fmt, ...)
{
- unsigned long flags;
va_list args;
- char *buf;
int r;

- local_irq_save(flags);
- buf = __get_cpu_var(printk_sched_buf);
-
va_start(args, fmt);
- r = vsnprintf(buf, PRINTK_BUF_SIZE, fmt, args);
+ r = vprintk_emit(0, SCHED_MESSAGE_LOGLEVEL, NULL, 0, fmt, args);
va_end(args);

- __this_cpu_or(printk_pending, PRINTK_PENDING_SCHED);
+ __this_cpu_or(printk_pending, PRINTK_PENDING_OUTPUT);
irq_work_queue(&__get_cpu_var(wake_up_klogd_work));
- local_irq_restore(flags);

return r;
}
--
1.8.1.4


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