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Subject[PATCH 3.8 44/81] ARM: 7668/1: fix memset-related crashes caused by recent GCC (4.7.2) optimizations
Date
3.8.13.20 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ivan Djelic <ivan.djelic@parrot.com>

commit 455bd4c430b0c0a361f38e8658a0d6cb469942b5 upstream.

Recent GCC versions (e.g. GCC-4.7.2) perform optimizations based on
assumptions about the implementation of memset and similar functions.
The current ARM optimized memset code does not return the value of
its first argument, as is usually expected from standard implementations.

For instance in the following function:

void debug_mutex_lock_common(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
memset(waiter, MUTEX_DEBUG_INIT, sizeof(*waiter));
waiter->magic = waiter;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&waiter->list);
}

compiled as:

800554d0 <debug_mutex_lock_common>:
800554d0: e92d4008 push {r3, lr}
800554d4: e1a00001 mov r0, r1
800554d8: e3a02010 mov r2, #16 ; 0x10
800554dc: e3a01011 mov r1, #17 ; 0x11
800554e0: eb04426e bl 80165ea0 <memset>
800554e4: e1a03000 mov r3, r0
800554e8: e583000c str r0, [r3, #12]
800554ec: e5830000 str r0, [r3]
800554f0: e5830004 str r0, [r3, #4]
800554f4: e8bd8008 pop {r3, pc}

GCC assumes memset returns the value of pointer 'waiter' in register r0; causing
register/memory corruptions.

This patch fixes the return value of the assembly version of memset.
It adds a 'mov' instruction and merges an additional load+store into
existing load/store instructions.
For ease of review, here is a breakdown of the patch into 4 simple steps:

Step 1
======
Perform the following substitutions:
ip -> r8, then
r0 -> ip,
and insert 'mov ip, r0' as the first statement of the function.
At this point, we have a memset() implementation returning the proper result,
but corrupting r8 on some paths (the ones that were using ip).

Step 2
======
Make sure r8 is saved and restored when (! CALGN(1)+0) == 1:

save r8:
- str lr, [sp, #-4]!
+ stmfd sp!, {r8, lr}

and restore r8 on both exit paths:
- ldmeqfd sp!, {pc} @ Now <64 bytes to go.
+ ldmeqfd sp!, {r8, pc} @ Now <64 bytes to go.
(...)
tst r2, #16
stmneia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
- ldr lr, [sp], #4
+ ldmfd sp!, {r8, lr}

Step 3
======
Make sure r8 is saved and restored when (! CALGN(1)+0) == 0:

save r8:
- stmfd sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+ stmfd sp!, {r4-r8, lr}

and restore r8 on both exit paths:
bgt 3b
- ldmeqfd sp!, {r4-r7, pc}
+ ldmeqfd sp!, {r4-r8, pc}
(...)
tst r2, #16
stmneia ip!, {r4-r7}
- ldmfd sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+ ldmfd sp!, {r4-r8, lr}

Step 4
======
Rewrite register list "r4-r7, r8" as "r4-r8".

Signed-off-by: Ivan Djelic <ivan.djelic@parrot.com>
Reviewed-by: Nicolas Pitre <nico@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Dirk Behme <dirk.behme@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Russell King <rmk+kernel@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Florian Fainelli <f.fainelli@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <kamal@canonical.com>
---
arch/arm/lib/memset.S | 85 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------------
1 file changed, 44 insertions(+), 41 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/lib/memset.S b/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
index 650d592..d912e73 100644
--- a/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
+++ b/arch/arm/lib/memset.S
@@ -19,9 +19,9 @@
1: subs r2, r2, #4 @ 1 do we have enough
blt 5f @ 1 bytes to align with?
cmp r3, #2 @ 1
- strltb r1, [r0], #1 @ 1
- strleb r1, [r0], #1 @ 1
- strb r1, [r0], #1 @ 1
+ strltb r1, [ip], #1 @ 1
+ strleb r1, [ip], #1 @ 1
+ strb r1, [ip], #1 @ 1
add r2, r2, r3 @ 1 (r2 = r2 - (4 - r3))
/*
* The pointer is now aligned and the length is adjusted. Try doing the
@@ -29,10 +29,14 @@
*/

ENTRY(memset)
- ands r3, r0, #3 @ 1 unaligned?
+/*
+ * Preserve the contents of r0 for the return value.
+ */
+ mov ip, r0
+ ands r3, ip, #3 @ 1 unaligned?
bne 1b @ 1
/*
- * we know that the pointer in r0 is aligned to a word boundary.
+ * we know that the pointer in ip is aligned to a word boundary.
*/
orr r1, r1, r1, lsl #8
orr r1, r1, r1, lsl #16
@@ -43,29 +47,28 @@ ENTRY(memset)
#if ! CALGN(1)+0

/*
- * We need an extra register for this loop - save the return address and
- * use the LR
+ * We need 2 extra registers for this loop - use r8 and the LR
*/
- str lr, [sp, #-4]!
- mov ip, r1
+ stmfd sp!, {r8, lr}
+ mov r8, r1
mov lr, r1

2: subs r2, r2, #64
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr} @ 64 bytes at a time.
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr} @ 64 bytes at a time.
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
bgt 2b
- ldmeqfd sp!, {pc} @ Now <64 bytes to go.
+ ldmeqfd sp!, {r8, pc} @ Now <64 bytes to go.
/*
* No need to correct the count; we're only testing bits from now on
*/
tst r2, #32
- stmneia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
- stmneia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
+ stmneia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
+ stmneia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
tst r2, #16
- stmneia r0!, {r1, r3, ip, lr}
- ldr lr, [sp], #4
+ stmneia ip!, {r1, r3, r8, lr}
+ ldmfd sp!, {r8, lr}

#else

@@ -74,54 +77,54 @@ ENTRY(memset)
* whole cache lines at once.
*/

- stmfd sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+ stmfd sp!, {r4-r8, lr}
mov r4, r1
mov r5, r1
mov r6, r1
mov r7, r1
- mov ip, r1
+ mov r8, r1
mov lr, r1

cmp r2, #96
- tstgt r0, #31
+ tstgt ip, #31
ble 3f

- and ip, r0, #31
- rsb ip, ip, #32
- sub r2, r2, ip
- movs ip, ip, lsl #(32 - 4)
- stmcsia r0!, {r4, r5, r6, r7}
- stmmiia r0!, {r4, r5}
- tst ip, #(1 << 30)
- mov ip, r1
- strne r1, [r0], #4
+ and r8, ip, #31
+ rsb r8, r8, #32
+ sub r2, r2, r8
+ movs r8, r8, lsl #(32 - 4)
+ stmcsia ip!, {r4, r5, r6, r7}
+ stmmiia ip!, {r4, r5}
+ tst r8, #(1 << 30)
+ mov r8, r1
+ strne r1, [ip], #4

3: subs r2, r2, #64
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
- stmgeia r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3-r8, lr}
+ stmgeia ip!, {r1, r3-r8, lr}
bgt 3b
- ldmeqfd sp!, {r4-r7, pc}
+ ldmeqfd sp!, {r4-r8, pc}

tst r2, #32
- stmneia r0!, {r1, r3-r7, ip, lr}
+ stmneia ip!, {r1, r3-r8, lr}
tst r2, #16
- stmneia r0!, {r4-r7}
- ldmfd sp!, {r4-r7, lr}
+ stmneia ip!, {r4-r7}
+ ldmfd sp!, {r4-r8, lr}

#endif

4: tst r2, #8
- stmneia r0!, {r1, r3}
+ stmneia ip!, {r1, r3}
tst r2, #4
- strne r1, [r0], #4
+ strne r1, [ip], #4
/*
* When we get here, we've got less than 4 bytes to zero. We
* may have an unaligned pointer as well.
*/
5: tst r2, #2
- strneb r1, [r0], #1
- strneb r1, [r0], #1
+ strneb r1, [ip], #1
+ strneb r1, [ip], #1
tst r2, #1
- strneb r1, [r0], #1
+ strneb r1, [ip], #1
mov pc, lr
ENDPROC(memset)
--
1.8.3.2


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