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    Subject[PATCH 3.8 81/81] arm64: mm: Add double logical invert to pte accessors
    Date -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.


    From: Steve Capper <>

    commit 84fe6826c28f69d8708bd575faed7f75e6b6f57f upstream.

    Page table entries on ARM64 are 64 bits, and some pte functions such as
    pte_dirty return a bitwise-and of a flag with the pte value. If the
    flag to be tested resides in the upper 32 bits of the pte, then we run
    into the danger of the result being dropped if downcast.

    For example:
    gather_stats(page, md, pte_dirty(*pte), 1);
    where pte_dirty(*pte) is downcast to an int.

    This patch adds a double logical invert to all the pte_ accessors to
    ensure predictable downcasting.

    Signed-off-by: Steve Capper <>
    Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <>
    [ kamal: backport to 3.8 (n/a to pte_write in 3.8) ]
    Signed-off-by: Kamal Mostafa <>
    arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h | 8 ++++----
    1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

    diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
    index e333a24..72dd657 100644
    --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
    +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/pgtable.h
    @@ -129,10 +129,10 @@ extern struct page *empty_zero_page;
    * The following only work if pte_present(). Undefined behaviour otherwise.
    -#define pte_present(pte) (pte_val(pte) & (PTE_VALID | PTE_PROT_NONE))
    -#define pte_dirty(pte) (pte_val(pte) & PTE_DIRTY)
    -#define pte_young(pte) (pte_val(pte) & PTE_AF)
    -#define pte_special(pte) (pte_val(pte) & PTE_SPECIAL)
    +#define pte_present(pte) (!!(pte_val(pte) & (PTE_VALID | PTE_PROT_NONE)))
    +#define pte_dirty(pte) (!!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_DIRTY))
    +#define pte_young(pte) (!!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_AF))
    +#define pte_special(pte) (!!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_SPECIAL))
    #define pte_write(pte) (!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_RDONLY))
    #define pte_exec(pte) (!(pte_val(pte) & PTE_UXN))


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