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SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] iio: Add AS3935 lightning sensor support
From
On Sun, Feb 9, 2014 at 1:48 PM, Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
> On 06/02/14 07:00, Matt Ranostay wrote:
>>
>> AS3935 chipset can detect lightning strikes and reports those back as
>> events and the estimated distance to the storm.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Matt Ranostay <mranostay@gmail.com>
>
> Hi Matt,
>
> Sorry for my somewhat late entry in the discussion of the interface for this
> device, but I'm wondering if we don't have an opportunity to create a more
> flexible interface for 'position' measurements. Afterall sooner or later
> we'll get a magetic position sensor or similar coming through.
>
> So how about defining a new iio_chan_type IIO_POSITION and adding some
> more modifiers to allow for polar coordinates (spherical coordinates I guess
> given we are in 3D). For now we'd only need IIO_MOD_R though later I guess
> we would have IIO_MOD_THETA and IIO_MOD_PHI. That would in this case give
> us.
>
> in_position_r_raw with the unit after applying scaling being meters.
>
> Clearly the ideal would have been to bring this suggestion up before we
> had the proximity sensors but such is life. Those tend to simply indicate
> something is 'near' rather than at an explicity distance. The difference
> is clearly minor though.
>
> What do people think of this approach?
>
> Comments on the code inline. Note I review from the end (usually makes
> more sense) so comments may only make sense in that direction!
>
> Beware of the quirks of spi buses as highlighted inline. You have to allow
> for the buffers you provide being used directly for DMA transfers (unlike
> say i2c which copies everything). As such there are some restrictions on
> where these buffers must lie.
>
> Jonathan
>
>> ---
>> .../ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-proximity-as3935 | 18 +
>> drivers/iio/Kconfig | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/Makefile | 1 +
>> drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig | 19 +
>> drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile | 6 +
>> drivers/iio/proximity/as3935.c | 437
>> +++++++++++++++++++++
>> 6 files changed, 482 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644
>> Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-proximity-as3935
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
>> create mode 100644 drivers/iio/proximity/as3935.c
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-proximity-as3935
>> b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-proximity-as3935
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..f6d9e6f
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-iio-proximity-as3935
>> @@ -0,0 +1,18 @@
>> +What /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/in_proximity_raw
>> +Date: January 2014
>> +KernelVersion: 3.15
>> +Contact: Matt Ranostay <mranostay@gmail.com>
>> +Description:
>> + Get the current distance in kilometers of storm
>> + 1 = storm overhead
>> + 1-40 = distance in kilometers
>> + 63 = out of range
>
> This attribute should be a general purpose one given it will apply to lots
> of other drivers over time. Write it as such and distances should
> definitely
> be in meters not kilometers.
>
>
>> +
>> +What /sys/bus/iio/devices/iio:deviceX/gain_boost
>> +Date: January 2014
>> +KernelVersion: 3.15
>> +Contact: Matt Ranostay <mranostay@gmail.com>
>> +Description:
>> + Show or set the gain boost of the amp, from 0-31 range.
>> + 18 = indoors (default)
>> + 14 = outdoors
>
> What does this gain boost actually mean? I couldn't immediately tell from
> the datasheet. Does it effect the distance estimates, or is it about
> sensitivity to detect them in the first place? Even though you have defined
> it just for this one device, we are always looking to generalize interfaces
> so it is a good to have an idea of what it actually is.
>

Controls the goo

>
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> index 5dd0e12..743485e 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Kconfig
>> @@ -74,6 +74,7 @@ if IIO_TRIGGER
>> source "drivers/iio/trigger/Kconfig"
>> endif #IIO_TRIGGER
>> source "drivers/iio/pressure/Kconfig"
>> +source "drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig"
>> source "drivers/iio/temperature/Kconfig"
>>
>> endif # IIO
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/Makefile b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> index 887d390..698afc2 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/Makefile
>> @@ -24,5 +24,6 @@ obj-y += light/
>> obj-y += magnetometer/
>> obj-y += orientation/
>> obj-y += pressure/
>> +obj-y += proximity/
>> obj-y += temperature/
>> obj-y += trigger/
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig b/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..0c8cdf5
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/Kconfig
>> @@ -0,0 +1,19 @@
>> +#
>> +# Proximity sensors
>> +#
>> +
>> +menu "Lightning sensors"
>> +
>> +config AS3935
>> + tristate "AS3935 Franklin lightning sensor"
>> + select IIO_BUFFER
>> + select IIO_TRIGGERED_BUFFER
>> + depends on SPI
>> + help
>> + Say Y here to build SPI interface support for the Austrian
>> + Microsystems AS3935 lightning detection sensor.
>> +
>> + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
>> + module will be called as3935
>> +
>> +endmenu
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
>> b/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..743adee
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/Makefile
>> @@ -0,0 +1,6 @@
>> +#
>> +# Makefile for IIO proximity sensors
>> +#
>> +
>> +# When adding new entries keep the list in alphabetical order
>> +obj-$(CONFIG_AS3935) += as3935.o
>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/proximity/as3935.c
>> b/drivers/iio/proximity/as3935.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 0000000..109759e
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/iio/proximity/as3935.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,437 @@
>> +/*
>> + * as3935.c - Support for AS3935 Franklin lightning sensor
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2014 Matt Ranostay <mranostay@gmail.com>
>> + *
>> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
>> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
>> + * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
>> + * (at your option) any later version.
>> + *
>> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
>> + *
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>> +#include <linux/init.h>
>> +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
>> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>> +#include <linux/workqueue.h>
>> +#include <linux/mutex.h>
>> +#include <linux/err.h>
>> +#include <linux/irq.h>
>> +#include <linux/gpio.h>
>> +#include <linux/spi/spi.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/iio.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/sysfs.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/trigger.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/trigger_consumer.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/buffer.h>
>> +#include <linux/iio/triggered_buffer.h>
>> +#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
>> +#include <linux/of_gpio.h>
>> +
>> +
>> +#define AS3935_AFE_GAIN 0x00
>> +#define AS3935_AFE_MASK 0x3F
>> +#define AS3935_AFE_GAIN_MAX 0x1F
>> +#define AS3935_AFE_PWR_BIT BIT(0)
>> +
>> +#define AS3935_INT 0x03
>> +#define AS3935_INT_MASK 0x07
>> +#define AS3935_EVENT_INT BIT(3)
>> +#define AS3935_NOISE_INT BIT(1)
>> +
>> +#define AS3935_DATA 0x07
>> +#define AS3935_DATA_MASK 0x3F
>> +
>> +#define AS3935_TUNE_CAP 0x08
>> +#define AS3935_CALIBRATE 0x3D
>> +
>> +#define AS3935_WRITE_DATA BIT(15)
>> +#define AS3935_READ_DATA BIT(14)
>
> ((x) << 8) to protect against strange elements being passed in as x.
> Obviously you have this tightly controlled here, but who knows what others
> might add in future, so best to do it right!
>
>> +#define AS3935_ADDRESS(x) (x<<8)
>> +
>> +struct as3935_state {
>> + struct spi_device *spi;
>> + struct iio_trigger *trig;
>> + struct mutex lock;
>> + struct delayed_work work;
>> +
>> + u32 tune_cap;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_chan_spec as3935_channels[] = {
>> + {
>> + .type = IIO_PROXIMITY,
>> + .info_mask_separate =
>> + BIT(IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW),
>> + .scan_index = 0,
>> + .scan_type = {
>> + .sign = 'u',
>> + .realbits = 6,
>> + .storagebits = 8,
>> + },
>> + },
>> + IIO_CHAN_SOFT_TIMESTAMP(1),
>> +};
>> +
>
> This looks very similar to val = spi_w8r8(st->spi, reg);
>
>
>> +static int as3935_read(struct as3935_state *st, unsigned int reg, int
>> *val)
>> +{
>> + u8 tx, rx;
>
> Spi buffers should never be on the stack. You can't guarantee alignment and
> they must be cache aligned. spi_w8r8 deals with this by using a small
> buffer allocated on the heap. The alternative is to carefully allocate
> a cache line aligned buffer in your state structure. Here I'd definitely
> use spi_w8r8 though!
>

Noted will do the former.. having it the in the as3935_state struct
would make sense if the buffer was needed all over.

>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + struct spi_transfer xfers[] = {
>> + {
>> + .tx_buf = &tx,
>> + .bits_per_word = 8,
>> + .len = 1,
>> + }, {
>> + .rx_buf = &rx,
>> + .bits_per_word = 8,
>> + .len = 1,
>> + },
>> + };
>> + tx = (AS3935_READ_DATA | AS3935_ADDRESS(reg)) >> 8;
>> +
>> + ret = spi_sync_transfer(st->spi, xfers, ARRAY_SIZE(xfers));
>> + *val = rx;
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +};
>> +
>
>
>> +static int as3935_write(struct as3935_state *st,
>> + unsigned int reg,
>> + unsigned int val)
>> +{
>> + u8 buf[2];
>
> You could use a C99 style asignment here (entirely optional!)
> e.g.
> u8 buf[2] = { (AS3935_WRITE_DATA | AS3935_ADDRESS(reg)) >> 8,
> val };
> However, this buffer must be cacheline aligned seeing as spi_write
> does not use a suitably aligned bounce buffer (unlike spi_w8r8 which does).
> This can cause nasty, difficult to track down corruptions with spi
> controllers
> that do DMA.
>
>> +
>> + buf[0] = (AS3935_WRITE_DATA | AS3935_ADDRESS(reg)) >> 8;
>> + buf[1] = val;
>> +
>> + return spi_write(st->spi, (u8 *) &buf, 2);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static ssize_t as3935_gain_boost_show(struct device *dev,
>> + struct device_attribute *attr,
>> + char *buf)
>> +{
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
>> + int val, ret;
>> +
>> + ret = as3935_read(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, &val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> + val = (val & AS3935_AFE_MASK) >> 1;
>> +
>> + return sprintf(buf, "%d\n", val);
>> +};
>> +
>> +static ssize_t as3935_gain_boost_store(struct device *dev,
>> + struct device_attribute *attr,
>> + const char *buf, size_t len)
>> +{
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(dev_to_iio_dev(dev));
>> + unsigned long val;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = kstrtoul((const char *) buf, 10, &val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + if (val > AS3935_AFE_GAIN_MAX)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + as3935_write(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, val << 1);
>> +
>> + return len;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(gain_boost, S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR,
>> + as3935_gain_boost_show, as3935_gain_boost_store, 0);
>> +
>> +
>> +static struct attribute *as3935_attributes[] = {
>> + &iio_dev_attr_gain_boost.dev_attr.attr,
>> + NULL,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static struct attribute_group as3935_attribute_group = {
>> + .attrs = as3935_attributes,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int as3935_read_raw(struct iio_dev *indio_dev,
>> + struct iio_chan_spec const *chan,
>> + int *val,
>> + int *val2,
>> + long m)
>> +{
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + if (m != IIO_CHAN_INFO_RAW)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + *val2 = 0;
>> + ret = as3935_read(st, AS3935_DATA, val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>> + return IIO_VAL_INT;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_info as3935_info = {
>> + .driver_module = THIS_MODULE,
>> + .attrs = &as3935_attribute_group,
>> + .read_raw = &as3935_read_raw,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_buffer_setup_ops iio_triggered_buffer_setup_ops =
>> {
>> + .postenable = &iio_triggered_buffer_postenable,
>> + .predisable = &iio_triggered_buffer_predisable,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static irqreturn_t as3935_trigger_handler(int irq, void *private)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_poll_func *pf = private;
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = pf->indio_dev;
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + int val, ret;
>> +
>> + ret = as3935_read(st, AS3935_DATA, &val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + goto err_read;
>> + val &= AS3935_DATA_MASK;
>
> This timestamp is probably rather late given I think the interrupt indicated
> the actual point in time?
>
>> + iio_push_to_buffers_with_timestamp(indio_dev, &val,
>> iio_get_time_ns());
>> +err_read:
>> + iio_trigger_notify_done(indio_dev->trig);
>> +
>> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct iio_trigger_ops iio_interrupt_trigger_ops = {
>> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> +};
>> +
>> +static void as3935_event_work(struct work_struct *work)
>> +{
>> + struct as3935_state *st;
>> + struct spi_device *spi;
>> + int val;
>> +
>> + st = container_of(work, struct as3935_state, work.work);
>> + spi = st->spi;
>
> Don't bother with the local variable for spi. It doesn't add any clarity.
>
>> +
>> + as3935_read(st, AS3935_INT, &val);
>> + val &= AS3935_INT_MASK;
>> +
>> + switch (val) {
>> + case AS3935_EVENT_INT:
>
> You could save a timestamp in the interrupt handler then pass it on here.
>
Noted.

>> + iio_trigger_poll(st->trig, 0);
>> + break;
>> + case AS3935_NOISE_INT:
>
> Hmm. This brings me back to one of my favourite kernel questions,
> 'Why isn't there a better way of handling hardware errors?'
> There isn't as far as I know!
>
>> + dev_warn(&spi->dev, "noise level is too high");
>> + break;
>> + }
>> +};
>> +
>> +static irqreturn_t as3935_interrupt_handler(int irq, void *private)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = private;
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> +
>
> This is 'unusual' so can you add a comment explaining what is going on here.
> My guess is that you want to avoid grabing new data for a short window after
> a strike is detected? The cancel is to avoid running the delayed work
> twice?
>
> If so the reason a sleep in a threaded handler wouldn't work is that it
> would
> not 'cancel' if new data arrived I guess. You still have a window for
> problems
> if the interrupt occurs whilst the work queue is actually running the
> scheduled work.
>
> I'm wondering if this is overcomplicating things and it is better to just
> occasionally handle an extra interrupt and do this with a conventional
> threaded interrupt handler. Of course I may be missing something.
>>
>> + cancel_delayed_work(&st->work);
>
> I'm guessing this should be msecs_to_jiffies seeing as schedule_delayed_work
> takes a value in jiffies.
>>
>> + schedule_delayed_work(&st->work, jiffies_to_msecs(3));
>

Yes it should be msec_to_jiffies(3) :/
Noted the cancel_delayed_work() probably is verbose and will drop in
the next version.

Reason for this is the datasheet requires (suggests?) a 2+ millisecond
delay before reading
estimated distance value.

> blank line here.
>
>> + return IRQ_HANDLED;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static void calibrate_as3935(struct as3935_state *st)
>> +{
>> + mutex_lock(&st->lock);
>> +
>> + /* mask disturber interrupt bit */
>> + as3935_write(st, AS3935_INT, 1 << 5);
>> +
>> + as3935_write(st, AS3935_CALIBRATE, 0x96);
>> + as3935_write(st, AS3935_TUNE_CAP, 1 << 5 | st->tune_cap);
>> +
>> + mdelay(2);
>> + as3935_write(st, AS3935_TUNE_CAP, st->tune_cap);
>> +
>> + mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
>> +}
>> +
>> +#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
>> +static int as3935_suspend(struct spi_device *spi, pm_message_t msg)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + int val, ret;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&st->lock);
>> + ret = as3935_read(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, &val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>
> Mutex not released.
>
>
>> + val |= AS3935_AFE_PWR_BIT;
>> +
>> + ret = as3935_write(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, val);
>> + mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int as3935_resume(struct spi_device *spi)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + int val, ret;
>> +
>> + mutex_lock(&st->lock);
>> + ret = as3935_read(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, &val);
>> + if (ret)
>> + return ret;
>
> You haven't released the mutex in this error path. This is a classic
> case for using a goto rather than returning directly here.
>

Yeah this a rookie mistake on my behalf.

>
>> + val &= ~AS3935_AFE_PWR_BIT;
>> + ret = as3935_write(st, AS3935_AFE_GAIN, val);
>> + mutex_unlock(&st->lock);
>
> blank line before returns in simple cases like this. Just makes things
> ever so slightly easier to read ;)
>>
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>>
>> +#else
>> +#define as3935_suspend NULL
>> +#define as3935_resume NULL
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +static int as3935_probe(struct spi_device *spi)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev;
>> + struct iio_trigger *trig;
>> + struct as3935_state *st;
>> + struct device_node *np = spi->dev.of_node;
>> + int ret;
>> +
>
> /* Make sure the lightning event interrupt is specified. */
> You probably don't need to do this as the request will fail if supplied
> with a 0. Even if you want to keep this, it would be cleaner to have it
> down where the request for the irq is made rather than here at the start.
>

Didn't know that.. all for no

>> + /* Be sure lightning event interrupt */
>> + if (!spi->irq) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev, "unable to get event interrupt\n");
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + indio_dev = devm_iio_device_alloc(&spi->dev, sizeof(st));
>> + if (!indio_dev)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> + st->spi = spi;
>> + st->tune_cap = 0;
>> +
>> + spi_set_drvdata(spi, indio_dev);
>> + mutex_init(&st->lock);
>> + INIT_DELAYED_WORK(&st->work, as3935_event_work);
>> +
>> + ret = of_property_read_u32(np, "ams,tune-cap", &st->tune_cap);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + st->tune_cap = 0;
>> + dev_warn(&spi->dev,
>> + "no tune-cap set, defaulting to %d",
>> st->tune_cap);
>> + }
>> +
>> + if (st->tune_cap > 15) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev,
>> + "wrong tune-cap setting of %d\n", st->tune_cap);
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> + }
>> +
>> + indio_dev->dev.parent = &spi->dev;
>> + indio_dev->name = spi_get_device_id(spi)->name;
>> + indio_dev->channels = as3935_channels;
>> + indio_dev->num_channels = ARRAY_SIZE(as3935_channels);
>> + indio_dev->modes = INDIO_DIRECT_MODE;
>> + indio_dev->info = &as3935_info;
>> +
>> + trig = devm_iio_trigger_alloc(&spi->dev, "%s-dev%d",
>> + indio_dev->name, indio_dev->id);
>> +
>> + if (!trig)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + st->trig = trig;
>> + trig->dev.parent = indio_dev->dev.parent;
>> + iio_trigger_set_drvdata(trig, indio_dev);
>> + trig->ops = &iio_interrupt_trigger_ops;
>> +
>> + ret = iio_trigger_register(trig);
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev, "failed to register trigger\n");
>> + return ret;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = iio_triggered_buffer_setup(indio_dev, NULL,
>> + &as3935_trigger_handler,
>> + &iio_triggered_buffer_setup_ops);
>> +
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev, "cannot setup iio trigger\n");
>> + goto unregister_trigger;
>> + }
>> +
>> + calibrate_as3935(st);
>> +
>> + ret = devm_request_irq(&spi->dev, spi->irq,
>> + &as3935_interrupt_handler,
>> + IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING,
>> + dev_name(&spi->dev),
>> + indio_dev);
>> +
>> + if (ret) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev, "unable to request irq\n");
>> + goto unregister_trigger;
>> + }
>> +
>> + ret = iio_device_register(indio_dev);
>> + if (ret < 0) {
>> + dev_err(&spi->dev, "unable to register device\n");
>> + goto unregister_trigger;
>> + }
>> + return 0;
>> +
>> +unregister_trigger:
>> + iio_trigger_unregister(st->trig);
>> + iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static int as3935_remove(struct spi_device *spi)
>> +{
>> + struct iio_dev *indio_dev = spi_get_drvdata(spi);
>> + struct as3935_state *st = iio_priv(indio_dev);
>> +
>> + iio_trigger_unregister(st->trig);
>> + iio_triggered_buffer_cleanup(indio_dev);
>> + iio_device_unregister(indio_dev);
>
> This should be in the reverse order of what goes on in the probe.
> This helps both for review purposes and to avoid actual bugs. Here for
> example, the buffer has been destroyed before the userspace interface
> is removed in the device_unregister.
>

Noted.

>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +};
>> +
>> +static const struct spi_device_id as3935_id[] = {
>> + {"as3935", 0},
>> + {},
>> +};
>> +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(spi, as3935_id);
>> +
>> +static struct spi_driver as3935_driver = {
>> + .driver = {
>> + .name = "as3935",
>> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
>> + },
>> + .probe = as3935_probe,
>> + .remove = as3935_remove,
>> + .id_table = as3935_id,
>> + .suspend = as3935_suspend,
>> + .resume = as3935_resume,
>> +};
>> +module_spi_driver(as3935_driver);
>> +
>> +MODULE_AUTHOR("Matt Ranostay <mranostay@gmail.com>");
>> +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("AS3935 lightning sensor");
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
>> +MODULE_ALIAS("spi:as3935");
>>
>


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