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SubjectRe: [PATCH 10/11] kexec: Support for loading ELF x86_64 images
On Mon, Jan 27, 2014 at 01:57:50PM -0500, Vivek Goyal wrote:
> This patch provides support for kexec for loading ELF x86_64 images. I have
> tested it with loading vmlinux and it worked.

Can you please enlighten me what the use case for ELF kernel images is? bzImage
I understand but what produces ELF images?

I see that kexec_file_load() can receive ELF segments too but why are we
doing that?

> Signed-off-by: Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@redhat.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kexec-elf.h | 11 ++
> arch/x86/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/kernel/kexec-elf.c | 231 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> arch/x86/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 2 +
> 4 files changed, 245 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 arch/x86/include/asm/kexec-elf.h
> create mode 100644 arch/x86/kernel/kexec-elf.c
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec-elf.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec-elf.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..afef382
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec-elf.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,11 @@
> +#ifndef _ASM_KEXEC_ELF_H
> +#define _ASM_KEXEC_ELF_H
> +
> +extern int elf_x86_64_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len);
> +extern void *elf_x86_64_load(struct kimage *image, char *kernel,
> + unsigned long kernel_len, char *initrd,
> + unsigned long initrd_len, char *cmdline,
> + unsigned long cmdline_len);
> +extern int elf_x86_64_cleanup(struct kimage *image);
> +
> +#endif /* _ASM_KEXEC_ELF_H */
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
> index fa9981d..2d77de7 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/Makefile
> @@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += machine_kexec.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += machine_kexec_$(BITS).o
> obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += relocate_kernel_$(BITS).o crash.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec-bzimage.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_KEXEC) += kexec-elf.o

It looks like kexec could slowly grow its own dir now:

arch/x86/kexec/

or so.

> obj-$(CONFIG_CRASH_DUMP) += crash_dump_$(BITS).o
> obj-y += kprobes/
> obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-elf.c b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-elf.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..ff1017c
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/kexec-elf.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,231 @@
> +#include <linux/string.h>
> +#include <linux/printk.h>
> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/kexec.h>
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/mm.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/bootparam.h>
> +#include <asm/setup.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> +
> +struct elf_x86_64_data {
> + /*
> + * Temporary buffer to hold bootparams buffer. This should be
> + * freed once the bootparam segment has been loaded.
> + */
> + void *bootparams_buf;
> +};
> +
> +int elf_x86_64_probe(const char *buf, unsigned long len)
> +{
> + int ret = -ENOEXEC;
> + Elf_Ehdr *ehdr;
> +
> + if (len < sizeof(Elf_Ehdr)) {
> + pr_debug("File is too short to be an ELF executable.\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> +
> + ehdr = (Elf_Ehdr *)buf;
> +
> + if (memcmp(ehdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0
> + || ehdr->e_type != ET_EXEC || !elf_check_arch(ehdr)
> + || ehdr->e_phentsize != sizeof(Elf_Phdr))
> + return -ENOEXEC;
> +
> + if (ehdr->e_phoff >= len
> + || (ehdr->e_phnum * sizeof(Elf_Phdr) > len - ehdr->e_phoff))
> + return -ENOEXEC;
> +
> + /* I've got a bzImage */
> + pr_debug("It's an elf_x86_64 image.\n");
> + ret = 0;
> +
> + return ret;

I think you can drop 'ret' here and return the error vals directly.

> +}
> +
> +static int elf_exec_load(struct kimage *image, char *kernel)
> +{
> + Elf_Ehdr *ehdr;
> + Elf_Phdr *phdrs;
> + int i, ret;
> + size_t filesz;
> + char *buffer;
> +
> + ehdr = (Elf_Ehdr *)kernel;
> + phdrs = (void *)ehdr + ehdr->e_phoff;
> +
> + for (i = 0; i < ehdr->e_phnum; i++) {
> + if (phdrs[i].p_type != PT_LOAD)
> + continue;

newline

> + filesz = phdrs[i].p_filesz;
> + if (filesz > phdrs[i].p_memsz)
> + filesz = phdrs[i].p_memsz;
> +
> + buffer = (char *)ehdr + phdrs[i].p_offset;
> + ret = kexec_add_segment(image, buffer, filesz, phdrs[i].p_memsz,
> + phdrs[i].p_paddr);
> + if (ret)
> + break;
> + }
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/* Fill in fields which are usually present in bzImage */
> +static int init_linux_parameters(struct boot_params *params)
> +{
> + /*
> + * FIXME: It is odd that the information which comes from kernel
> + * has to be faked by loading kernel. I guess it is limitation of
> + * ELF format. Right now keeping it same as kexec-tools
> + * implementation. But this most likely needs fixing.
> + */
> + memcpy(&params->hdr.header, "HdrS", 4);
> + params->hdr.version = 0x0206;
> + params->hdr.initrd_addr_max = 0x37FFFFFF;
> + params->hdr.cmdline_size = 2048;
> + return 0;
> +}

Why a separate function? Its body is small enough to be merged into
elf_x86_64_load.

> +
> +void *elf_x86_64_load(struct kimage *image, char *kernel,
> + unsigned long kernel_len,
> + char *initrd, unsigned long initrd_len,
> + char *cmdline, unsigned long cmdline_len)
> +{

Btw, this functionality below looks very similar to the one in
bzImage64_load(). Can we share some of it?

--
Regards/Gruss,
Boris.

Sent from a fat crate under my desk. Formatting is fine.
--


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