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Subject[PATCH 0/1] Fix Crashdump failure caused by leftover DMA through a hardware IOMMU
Renamed from previous email thread: Crashdump Accepting Active IOMMU

This patch implements a fix for:
A kdump problem about DMA that has been discussed for a long time. That is,
when a kernel panics and boots into the kdump kernel, DMA started by the
panicked kernel is not stopped before the kdump kernel is booted and the
kdump kernel disables the IOMMU while this DMA continues. This causes the
IOMMU to stop translating the DMA addresses as IOVAs and begin to treat them
as physical memory addresses -- which causes the DMA to either:
(1) generate DMAR errors or (2) generate PCI SERR errors or (3) transfer
data to or from incorrect areas of memory. Often this causes the dump to fail.

This patch modifies the behavior of the Intel iommu in the crashdump kernel:
1. to skip disabling the iommu hardware translations
2. to leave the current translations in-place so that legacy DMA will continue
using its current buffers until the device drivers in the crashdump kernel
initialize and initialize their devices,
3. to use different portions of the iova address ranges for the device drivers
in the crashdump kernel than the iova ranges that were in-use at the time
of the panic.

Advantages of this approach:
1. All manipulation of the IO-device is done by the Linux device-driver
for that device.
2. This approach behaves in a manner very similar to operation when the
panicked kernel was not using a hardware IOMMU.
3. Any activity between the IO-device and its RMRR areas is handled by the
device-driver in the same manner as during a non-kdump boot.
4. If an IO-device has no driver in the kdump kernel, it is simply left alone.
This supports the practice of creating a special kdump kernel without
drivers for any devices that are not required for taking a crashdump.

Bill Sumner (1):
Fix Crashdump failure caused by leftover DMA through a hardware IOMMU

drivers/iommu/intel-iommu.c | 1233 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 1172 insertions(+), 61 deletions(-)

Bill Sumner <>

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