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Subject[PATCH 00/48] percpu: Consistent per cpu operations V4
Can we please get this merged? The first patch alone would at least define
the functions required to enable the merging of the rest in any order and
through any tree.

There is a git tree that can be pulled at

It has the following branches:

minimal Just the first 5 patches to get the preemption checks going
most All the conversion but not the removal of functionality in 47/48
all All these patches

- Rediff patches
- Put the patches first that define the new API.
- Add patches to convert the __get_cpu_var stuff added in 3.14

- Rediff patches
- Fix breakage caused by mips patches. Add a mips patch to convert from local_t.
- Update some descriptions.

- Move legacy definition for __this_cpu_ptr into include/asm-generic/percpu.h
so that users bypassing include/linux/percpu.h do not break (affects
tile and s390)
- Merge raw_cpu_ops core and the patch to rename x86 __this_cpu primitives
into one. Otherwise breakage will occur since x86 __this_cpu ops will fall
back to generic ops which is not tolerated well by the preempt hackery
in x86.
- Add notes to each patch that depends on another to avoid mismerges.
Add acks etc.
- Use quilt-0.61 with the bug fix that ensures all mailing lists
receive the postings intended for them.

The kernel has never been audited to ensure that this_cpu operations are
consistently used throughout the kernel. The code generated in many
places can be improved through the use of this_cpu operations (which uses
a segment register for relocation of per cpu offsets instead of
performing address calculations).

The patch set also addresses various consistency issues in general with
the per cpu macros.

A. The semantics of __this_cpu_ptr() differs from this_cpu_ptr only
because checks are skipped. This is typically shown through a raw_
prefix. So this patch set changes the places where __this_cpu_ptr()
is used to raw_cpu_ptr().

B. There has been the long term wish by some that __this_cpu operations
would check for preemption. However, there are cases where preemption
checks need to be skipped. This patch set adds raw_cpu operations that
do not check for preemption and then adds preemption checks to the
__this_cpu operations.

C. The use of __get_cpu_var is always a reference to a percpu variable
that can also be handled via a this_cpu operation. This patch set
replaces all uses of __get_cpu_var with this_cpu operations.

D. We can then use this_cpu RMW operations in various places replacing
sequences of instructions by a single one.

E. The use of this_cpu operations throughout will allow other arches than
x86 to implement optimized references and RMV operations to work with
per cpu local data.

F. The use of this_cpu operations opens up the possibility to
further optimize code that relies on synchronization through
per cpu data.

The patch set works in a couple of stages:

I. Patch 1 adds the additional raw_cpu operations and raw_cpu_ptr().
Also converts the existing __this_cpu_xx_# primitive in the x86
code to raw_cpu_xx_#.

II. Patch 2-4 use the raw_cpu operations in places that would give
us false positives once they are enabled.

III. Patch 5 adds preemption checks to __this_cpu operations to allow
checking if preemption is properly disabled when these functions
are used.

IV. Patches 6-20 are patches that simply replace uses of __get_cpu_var
with this_cpu_ptr. They do not depend on any changes to the percpu
code. No preemption tests are skipped if they are applied.

V. Patches 21-46 are conversion patches that use this_cpu operations
in various kernel subsystems/drivers or arch code.

VI. Patches 47/48 remove no longer used functions (__this_cpu_ptr
and __get_cpu_var). These should only be applied after all the
conversion patches have made it and after we have done additional
passes through the kernel to ensure that none of the uses of these
functions remain.

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