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Subject[PATCH] printk: fix one circular lockdep warning about console_lock
From: Jane Li <>

This patch tries to fix a warning about possible circular locking

If do in following sequence:
enter suspend -> resume -> plug-out CPUx (echo 0 > cpux/online)
lockdep will show warning as following:

[ INFO: possible circular locking dependency detected ]
3.10.0 #2 Tainted: G O
sh/1271 is trying to acquire lock:
(console_lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c06ebf7c>] console_cpu_notify+0x20/0x2c
but task is already holding lock:
(cpu_hotplug.lock){+.+.+.}, at: [<c012b4e8>] cpu_hotplug_begin+0x2c/0x58
which lock already depends on the new lock.

the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:
-> #2 (cpu_hotplug.lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c06f5014>] mutex_lock_nested+0x50/0x3d8
[<c012b4e8>] cpu_hotplug_begin+0x2c/0x58
[<c06ebfac>] _cpu_up+0x24/0x154
[<c06ec140>] cpu_up+0x64/0x84
[<c0981834>] smp_init+0x9c/0xd4
[<c0973880>] kernel_init_freeable+0x78/0x1c8
[<c06e7f40>] kernel_init+0x8/0xe4
[<c010eec8>] ret_from_fork+0x14/0x2c

-> #1 (cpu_add_remove_lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c06f5014>] mutex_lock_nested+0x50/0x3d8
[<c012b758>] disable_nonboot_cpus+0x8/0xe8
[<c016b83c>] suspend_devices_and_enter+0x214/0x448
[<c016bc54>] pm_suspend+0x1e4/0x284
[<c016bdcc>] try_to_suspend+0xa4/0xbc
[<c0143848>] process_one_work+0x1c4/0x4fc
[<c0143f80>] worker_thread+0x138/0x37c
[<c014aaf8>] kthread+0xa4/0xb0
[<c010eec8>] ret_from_fork+0x14/0x2c

-> #0 (console_lock){+.+.+.}:
[<c017b5d0>] __lock_acquire+0x1b38/0x1b80
[<c017bb7c>] lock_acquire+0x98/0x12c
[<c01288c4>] console_lock+0x54/0x68
[<c06ebf7c>] console_cpu_notify+0x20/0x2c
[<c01501d4>] notifier_call_chain+0x44/0x84
[<c012b448>] __cpu_notify+0x2c/0x48
[<c012b5b0>] cpu_notify_nofail+0x8/0x14
[<c06e81bc>] _cpu_down+0xf4/0x258
[<c06e8344>] cpu_down+0x24/0x40
[<c06e921c>] store_online+0x30/0x74
[<c03b7298>] dev_attr_store+0x18/0x24
[<c025fc5c>] sysfs_write_file+0x16c/0x19c
[<c0207a98>] vfs_write+0xb4/0x190
[<c0207e58>] SyS_write+0x3c/0x70
[<c010ee00>] ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x48

Chain exists of:
console_lock --> cpu_add_remove_lock --> cpu_hotplug.lock

Possible unsafe locking scenario:
---- ----
*** DEADLOCK ***

There are three locks involved in two sequence:
a) pm suspend:
console_lock (@suspend_console())
cpu_add_remove_lock (@disable_nonboot_cpus())
cpu_hotplug.lock (@_cpu_down())
b) Plug-out CPUx:
cpu_add_remove_lock (@(cpu_down())
cpu_hotplug.lock (@_cpu_down())
console_lock (@console_cpu_notify()) => Lockdeps prints warning log.

There should be not real deadlock, as flag of console_suspended can
protect this.

Printk registers cpu hotplug notify function. When CPUx is plug-out/in,
always execute console_lock() and console_unlock(). This patch
modifies that with console_trylock() and console_unlock(). Then use
that instead of the unconditional console_lock/unlock pair to avoid the

Signed-off-by: Jane Li <>
Signed-off-by: Daniel Vetter <>
kernel/printk/printk.c | 17 +++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/printk/printk.c b/kernel/printk/printk.c
index b1d255f..e7a0525 100644
--- a/kernel/printk/printk.c
+++ b/kernel/printk/printk.c
@@ -1893,6 +1893,20 @@ void resume_console(void)

+ * console_flush - flush dmesg if console isn't suspended
+ *
+ * console_unlock always flushes the dmesg buffer, so just try to
+ * grab&drop the console lock. If that fails we know that the current
+ * holder will eventually drop the console lock and so flush the dmesg
+ * buffers at the earliest possible time.
+ */
+void console_flush(void)
+ if (console_trylock())
+ console_unlock();
* console_cpu_notify - print deferred console messages after CPU hotplug
* @self: notifier struct
* @action: CPU hotplug event
@@ -1911,8 +1925,7 @@ static int console_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
case CPU_DEAD:
- console_lock();
- console_unlock();
+ console_flush();
return NOTIFY_OK;

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