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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2 1/5] sched: idle: cpuidle: Check the latency req before idle
On 11/06/2014 05:08 AM, Preeti U Murthy wrote:
> On 11/05/2014 07:58 PM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>> On 10/29/2014 03:01 AM, Preeti U Murthy wrote:
>>> On 10/29/2014 12:29 AM, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
>>>> On 10/28/2014 04:51 AM, Preeti Murthy wrote:
>>>>> Hi Daniel,
>>>>> On Thu, Oct 23, 2014 at 2:31 PM, Daniel Lezcano
>>>>> <> wrote:
>>>>>> When the pmqos latency requirement is set to zero that means "poll in
>>>>>> all the
>>>>>> cases".
>>>>>> That is correctly implemented on x86 but not on the other archs.
>>>>>> As how is written the code, if the latency request is zero, the
>>>>>> governor will
>>>>>> return zero, so corresponding, for x86, to the poll function, but for
>>>>>> the
>>>>>> others arch the default idle function. For example, on ARM this is
>>>>>> wait-for-
>>>>>> interrupt with a latency of '1', so violating the constraint.
>>>>> This is not true actually. On PowerPC the idle state 0 has an
>>>>> exit_latency of 0.
>>>>>> In order to fix that, do the latency requirement check *before*
>>>>>> calling the
>>>>>> cpuidle framework in order to jump to the poll function without
>>>>>> entering
>>>>>> cpuidle. That has several benefits:
>>>>> Doing so actually hurts on PowerPC. Because the idle loop defined for
>>>>> idle state 0 is different from what cpu_relax() does in
>>>>> cpu_idle_loop().
>>>>> The spinning is more power efficient in the former case. Moreover we
>>>>> also set
>>>>> certain register values which indicate an idle cpu. The ppc_runlatch
>>>>> bits
>>>>> do precisely this. These register values are being read by some user
>>>>> space
>>>>> tools. So we will end up breaking them with this patch
>>>>> My suggestion is very well keep the latency requirement check in
>>>>> kernel/sched/idle.c
>>>>> like your doing in this patch. But before jumping to cpu_idle_loop
>>>>> verify if the
>>>>> idle state 0 has an exit_latency > 0 in addition to your check on the
>>>>> latency_req == 0.
>>>>> If not, you can fall through to the regular path of calling into the
>>>>> cpuidle driver.
>>>>> The scheduler can query the cpuidle_driver structure anyway.
>>>>> What do you think?
>>>> Thanks for reviewing the patch and spotting this.
>>>> Wouldn't make sense to create:
>>>> void __weak_cpu_idle_poll(void) ?
>>>> and override it with your specific poll function ?
>>> No this would become ugly as far as I can see. A weak function has to be
>>> defined under arch/* code. We will either need to duplicate the idle
>>> loop that we already have in the drivers or point the weak function to
>>> the first idle state defined by our driver. Both of which is not
>>> desirable (calling into the driver from arch code is ugly). Another
>>> reason why I don't like the idea of a weak function is that if you have
>>> missed looking at a specific driver and they have an idle loop with
>>> features similar to on powerpc, you will have to spot it yourself and
>>> include the arch specific cpu_idle_poll() for them.
>> Yes, I agree this is a fair point. But actually I don't see the interest
>> of having the poll loop in the cpuidle driver. These cleanups are
> We can't do that simply because the idle poll loop has arch specific
> bits on powerpc.

I am not sure.

Could you describe what is the difference between the arch_cpu_idle
function in arch/arm/powerpc/kernel/idle.c and the 0th power PC idle state ?

Is it kind of duplicate ?

And for polling, do you really want to use while (...); cpu_relax(); as
it is x86 specific ? instead of the powerpc's arch_idle ?

Today, if latency_req == 0, it returns the 0th idle state, so polling.

If we jump to the arch_cpu_idle_poll, the result will be the same for
all architecture.

>> preparing the removal of the CPUIDLE_DRIVER_STATE_START macro which
>> leads to a lot of mess in the cpuidle code.
> How is the suggestion to check the exit_latency of idle state 0 when
> latency_req == 0 going to hinder this removal?

It sounds a bit hackish. I prefer to sort out the current situation.

And by the way, what is the reasoning behind having a target_residency /
exit_latency equal to zero for an idle state ?

All this sounds really fuzzy for me.

>> With the removal of this macro, we should be able to move the select
>> loop from the menu governor and use it everywhere else. Furthermore,
>> this state which is flagged with TIME_VALID, isn't because the local
>> interrupt are enabled so we are measuring the interrupt time processing.
>> Beside that the idle loop for x86 is mostly not used.
>> So the idea would be to extract those idle loop from the drivers and use
>> them directly when:
>> 1. the idle selection fails (use the poll loop under certain
>> circumstances we have to redefine)
> This behavior will not change as per my suggestion.
>> 2. when the latency req is zero
> Its only here that I suggested you also verify state 0's exit_latency.
> For the reason that the arch may have a more optimized idle poll loop,
> which we cannot override with the generic cpuidle poll loop.
> Regards
> Preeti U Murthy
>> That will result in a cleaner code in cpuidle and in the governor.
>> Do you agree with that ?
>>> But by having a check on the exit_latency, you are claiming that since
>>> the driver's 0th idle state is no better than the generic idle loop in
>>> cases of 0 latency req, we are better off calling the latter, which
>>> looks reasonable. That way you don't have to bother about worsening the
>>> idle loop behavior on any other driver.

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