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SubjectRe: [RFC][PATCH 5/6] mm: Provide speculative fault infrastructure
On Mon, Oct 20, 2014 at 11:56:38PM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> Provide infrastructure to do a speculative fault (not holding
> mmap_sem).
>
> The not holding of mmap_sem means we can race against VMA
> change/removal and page-table destruction. We use the SRCU VMA freeing
> to keep the VMA around. We use the VMA seqcount to detect change
> (including umapping / page-table deletion) and we use gup_fast() style
> page-table walking to deal with page-table races.
>
> Once we've obtained the page and are ready to update the PTE, we
> validate if the state we started the fault with is still valid, if
> not, we'll fail the fault with VM_FAULT_RETRY, otherwise we update the
> PTE and we're done.
>
> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
> ---
> include/linux/mm.h | 2
> mm/memory.c | 118 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> 2 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> --- a/include/linux/mm.h
> +++ b/include/linux/mm.h
> @@ -1162,6 +1162,8 @@ int generic_error_remove_page(struct add
> int invalidate_inode_page(struct page *page);
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
> +extern int handle_speculative_fault(struct mm_struct *mm,
> + unsigned long address, unsigned int flags);
> extern int handle_mm_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> unsigned long address, unsigned int flags);
> extern int fixup_user_fault(struct task_struct *tsk, struct mm_struct *mm,
> --- a/mm/memory.c
> +++ b/mm/memory.c
> @@ -2004,12 +2004,40 @@ struct fault_env {
> pte_t entry;
> spinlock_t *ptl;
> unsigned int flags;
> + unsigned int sequence;
> };
>
> static bool pte_map_lock(struct fault_env *fe)
> {
> + bool ret = false;
> +
> + if (!(fe->flags & FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE)) {
> + fe->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(fe->mm, fe->pmd, fe->address, &fe->ptl);
> + return true;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * The first vma_is_dead() guarantees the page-tables are still valid,
> + * having IRQs disabled ensures they stay around, hence the second
> + * vma_is_dead() to make sure they are still valid once we've got the
> + * lock. After that a concurrent zap_pte_range() will block on the PTL
> + * and thus we're safe.
> + */
> + local_irq_disable();
> + if (vma_is_dead(fe->vma, fe->sequence))
> + goto out;
> +
> fe->pte = pte_offset_map_lock(fe->mm, fe->pmd, fe->address, &fe->ptl);
> - return true;
> +
> + if (vma_is_dead(fe->vma, fe->sequence)) {
> + pte_unmap_unlock(fe->pte, fe->ptl);
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + ret = true;
> +out:
> + local_irq_enable();
> + return ret;
> }
>
> /*
> @@ -2432,6 +2460,7 @@ static int do_swap_page(struct fault_env
> entry = pte_to_swp_entry(fe->entry);
> if (unlikely(non_swap_entry(entry))) {
> if (is_migration_entry(entry)) {
> + /* XXX fe->pmd might be dead */
> migration_entry_wait(fe->mm, fe->pmd, fe->address);
> } else if (is_hwpoison_entry(entry)) {
> ret = VM_FAULT_HWPOISON;
> @@ -3357,6 +3386,93 @@ static int __handle_mm_fault(struct mm_s
> return handle_pte_fault(&fe);
> }
>
> +int handle_speculative_fault(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long address, unsigned int flags)
> +{
> + struct fault_env fe = {
> + .mm = mm,
> + .address = address,
> + .flags = flags | FAULT_FLAG_SPECULATIVE,
> + };
> + pgd_t *pgd;
> + pud_t *pud;
> + pmd_t *pmd;
> + pte_t *pte;
> + int dead, seq, idx, ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
> + struct vm_area_struct *vma;
> +
> + idx = srcu_read_lock(&vma_srcu);
> + vma = find_vma_srcu(mm, address);
> + if (!vma)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + /*
> + * Validate the VMA found by the lockless lookup.
> + */
> + dead = RB_EMPTY_NODE(&vma->vm_rb);
> + seq = raw_read_seqcount(&vma->vm_sequence); /* rmb <-> seqlock,vma_rb_erase() */
> + if ((seq & 1) || dead) /* XXX wait for !&1 instead? */
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + if (address < vma->vm_start || vma->vm_end <= address)
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + /*
> + * We need to re-validate the VMA after checking the bounds, otherwise
> + * we might have a false positive on the bounds.
> + */
> + if (read_seqcount_retry(&vma->vm_sequence, seq))
> + goto unlock;
> +
> + /*
> + * Do a speculative lookup of the PTE entry.
> + */
> + local_irq_disable();
> + pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
> + if (pgd_none(*pgd) || unlikely(pgd_bad(*pgd)))
> + goto out_walk;
> +
> + pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
> + if (pud_none(*pud) || unlikely(pud_bad(*pud)))
> + goto out_walk;

pud_huge() too. Or filter out VM_HUGETLB altogether.

BTW, what keeps mm_struct around? It seems we don't take reference during
page fault.

--
Kirill A. Shutemov


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