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Subject[PATCH v2 4/4] x86, mpx: extend siginfo structure to include bound violation information
Date
This patch adds new fields about bound violation into siginfo
structure. si_lower and si_upper are respectively lower bound
and upper bound when bound violation is caused.

These fields will be set in #BR exception handler by decoding
the user instruction and constructing the faulting pointer.
A userspace application can get violation address, lower bound
and upper bound for bound violation from this new siginfo structure.

Signed-off-by: Qiaowei Ren <qiaowei.ren@intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h | 19 +++
arch/x86/kernel/mpx.c | 289 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/traps.c | 6 +
include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h | 9 +-
kernel/signal.c | 4 +
5 files changed, 326 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
index 9652e9e..e099573 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/mpx.h
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@

#include <linux/types.h>
#include <asm/ptrace.h>
+#include <asm/insn.h>

#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64

@@ -30,6 +31,22 @@

#endif

+struct mpx_insn {
+ struct insn_field rex_prefix; /* REX prefix */
+ struct insn_field modrm;
+ struct insn_field sib;
+ struct insn_field displacement;
+
+ unsigned char addr_bytes; /* effective address size */
+ unsigned char limit;
+ unsigned char x86_64;
+
+ const unsigned char *kaddr; /* kernel address of insn to analyze */
+ const unsigned char *next_byte;
+};
+
+#define MAX_MPX_INSN_SIZE 15
+
typedef union {
struct {
unsigned long ignored:MPX_IGN_BITS;
@@ -40,5 +57,7 @@ typedef union {
} mpx_addr;

void do_mpx_bt_fault(struct xsave_struct *xsave_buf);
+void do_mpx_bounds(struct pt_regs *regs, siginfo_t *info,
+ struct xsave_struct *xsave_buf);

#endif /* _ASM_X86_MPX_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/mpx.c b/arch/x86/kernel/mpx.c
index ffe5aee..3770991 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/mpx.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/mpx.c
@@ -91,6 +91,269 @@ int mpx_release(struct task_struct *tsk)
return 0;
}

+typedef enum {REG_TYPE_RM, REG_TYPE_INDEX, REG_TYPE_BASE} reg_type_t;
+static unsigned long get_reg(struct mpx_insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs,
+ reg_type_t type)
+{
+ int regno = 0;
+ unsigned char modrm = (unsigned char)insn->modrm.value;
+ unsigned char sib = (unsigned char)insn->sib.value;
+
+ static const int regoff[] = {
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, ax),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, cx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, dx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, bx),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, sp),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, bp),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, si),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, di),
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r8),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r9),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r10),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r11),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r12),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r13),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r14),
+ offsetof(struct pt_regs, r15),
+#endif
+ };
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case REG_TYPE_RM:
+ regno = X86_MODRM_RM(modrm);
+ if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value) == 1)
+ regno += 8;
+ break;
+
+ case REG_TYPE_INDEX:
+ regno = X86_SIB_INDEX(sib);
+ if (X86_REX_X(insn->rex_prefix.value) == 1)
+ regno += 8;
+ break;
+
+ case REG_TYPE_BASE:
+ regno = X86_SIB_BASE(sib);
+ if (X86_REX_B(insn->rex_prefix.value) == 1)
+ regno += 8;
+ break;
+
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return regs_get_register(regs, regoff[regno]);
+}
+
+/*
+ * return the address being referenced be instruction
+ * for rm=3 returning the content of the rm reg
+ * for rm!=3 calculates the address using SIB and Disp
+ */
+static unsigned long get_addr_ref(struct mpx_insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned long addr;
+ unsigned long base;
+ unsigned long indx;
+ unsigned char modrm = (unsigned char)insn->modrm.value;
+ unsigned char sib = (unsigned char)insn->sib.value;
+
+ if (X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) == 3) {
+ addr = get_reg(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
+ } else {
+ if (insn->sib.nbytes) {
+ base = get_reg(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_BASE);
+ indx = get_reg(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_INDEX);
+ addr = base + indx * (1 << X86_SIB_SCALE(sib));
+ } else {
+ addr = get_reg(insn, regs, REG_TYPE_RM);
+ }
+ addr += insn->displacement.value;
+ }
+
+ return addr;
+}
+
+/* Verify next sizeof(t) bytes can be on the same instruction */
+#define validate_next(t, insn, n) \
+ ((insn)->next_byte + sizeof(t) + n - (insn)->kaddr <= (insn)->limit)
+
+#define __get_next(t, insn) \
+({ \
+ t r = *(t*)insn->next_byte; \
+ insn->next_byte += sizeof(t); \
+ r; \
+})
+
+#define __peek_next(t, insn) \
+({ \
+ t r = *(t*)insn->next_byte; \
+ r; \
+})
+
+#define get_next(t, insn) \
+({ \
+ if (unlikely(!validate_next(t, insn, 0))) \
+ goto err_out; \
+ __get_next(t, insn); \
+})
+
+#define peek_next(t, insn) \
+({ \
+ if (unlikely(!validate_next(t, insn, 0))) \
+ goto err_out; \
+ __peek_next(t, insn); \
+})
+
+static void mpx_insn_get_prefixes(struct mpx_insn *insn)
+{
+ unsigned char b;
+
+ /* Decode legacy prefix and REX prefix */
+ b = peek_next(unsigned char, insn);
+ while (b != 0x0f) {
+ /*
+ * look for a rex prefix
+ * a REX prefix cannot be followed by a legacy prefix.
+ */
+ if (insn->x86_64 && (b&0xf0)==0x40) {
+ insn->rex_prefix.value = b;
+ insn->rex_prefix.nbytes = 1;
+ insn->next_byte++;
+ break;
+ }
+
+ /* check the other legacy prefixes */
+ switch (b) {
+ case 0xf2:
+ case 0xf3:
+ case 0xf0:
+ case 0x64:
+ case 0x65:
+ case 0x2e:
+ case 0x3e:
+ case 0x26:
+ case 0x36:
+ case 0x66:
+ case 0x67:
+ insn->next_byte++;
+ break;
+ default: /* everything else is garbage */
+ goto err_out;
+ }
+ b = peek_next(unsigned char, insn);
+ }
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+static void mpx_insn_get_modrm(struct mpx_insn *insn)
+{
+ insn->modrm.value = get_next(unsigned char, insn);
+ insn->modrm.nbytes = 1;
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+static void mpx_insn_get_sib(struct mpx_insn *insn)
+{
+ unsigned char modrm = (unsigned char)insn->modrm.value;
+
+ if (X86_MODRM_MOD(modrm) != 3 && X86_MODRM_RM(modrm) == 4) {
+ insn->sib.value = get_next(unsigned char, insn);
+ insn->sib.nbytes = 1;
+ }
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+static void mpx_insn_get_displacement(struct mpx_insn *insn)
+{
+ unsigned char mod, rm, base;
+
+ /*
+ * Interpreting the modrm byte:
+ * mod = 00 - no displacement fields (exceptions below)
+ * mod = 01 - 1-byte displacement field
+ * mod = 10 - displacement field is 4 bytes
+ * mod = 11 - no memory operand
+ *
+ * mod != 11, r/m = 100 - SIB byte exists
+ * mod = 00, SIB base = 101 - displacement field is 4 bytes
+ * mod = 00, r/m = 101 - rip-relative addressing, displacement
+ * field is 4 bytes
+ */
+ mod = X86_MODRM_MOD(insn->modrm.value);
+ rm = X86_MODRM_RM(insn->modrm.value);
+ base = X86_SIB_BASE(insn->sib.value);
+ if (mod == 3)
+ return;
+ if (mod == 1) {
+ insn->displacement.value = get_next(unsigned char, insn);
+ insn->displacement.nbytes = 1;
+ } else if ((mod == 0 && rm == 5) || mod == 2 ||
+ (mod == 0 && base == 5)) {
+ insn->displacement.value = get_next(int, insn);
+ insn->displacement.nbytes = 4;
+ }
+
+err_out:
+ return;
+}
+
+static void mpx_insn_init(struct mpx_insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ unsigned char buf[MAX_MPX_INSN_SIZE];
+ int bytes;
+
+ memset(insn, 0, sizeof(*insn));
+
+ bytes = copy_from_user(buf, (void __user *)regs->ip, MAX_MPX_INSN_SIZE);
+ insn->limit = MAX_MPX_INSN_SIZE - bytes;
+ insn->kaddr = buf;
+ insn->next_byte = buf;
+
+ /*
+ * In 64-bit Mode, all Intel MPX instructions use 64-bit
+ * operands for bounds and 64 bit addressing, i.e. REX.W &
+ * 67H have no effect on data or address size.
+ *
+ * In compatibility and legacy modes (including 16-bit code
+ * segments, real and virtual 8086 modes) all Intel MPX
+ * instructions use 32-bit operands for bounds and 32 bit
+ * addressing.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ insn->x86_64 = 1;
+ insn->addr_bytes = 8;
+#else
+ insn->x86_64 = 0;
+ insn->addr_bytes = 4;
+#endif
+}
+
+static unsigned long mpx_insn_decode(struct mpx_insn *insn, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ mpx_insn_init(insn, regs);
+
+ /*
+ * In this case, we only need decode bndcl/bndcn/bndcu,
+ * so we can use private diassembly interfaces to get
+ * prefixes, modrm, sib, displacement, etc..
+ */
+ mpx_insn_get_prefixes(insn);
+ insn->next_byte += 2; /* ignore opcode */
+ mpx_insn_get_modrm(insn);
+ mpx_insn_get_sib(insn);
+ mpx_insn_get_displacement(insn);
+
+ return get_addr_ref(insn, regs);
+}
+
static bool allocate_bt(unsigned long bd_entry)
{
unsigned long bt_size = 1UL << (MPX_L2_BITS+MPX_L2_SHIFT);
@@ -126,3 +389,29 @@ void do_mpx_bt_fault(struct xsave_struct *xsave_buf)
if ((bd_entry >= bd_base) && (bd_entry < bd_base + bd_size))
allocate_bt(bd_entry);
}
+
+void do_mpx_bounds(struct pt_regs *regs, siginfo_t *info,
+ struct xsave_struct *xsave_buf)
+{
+ struct mpx_insn insn;
+ uint8_t bndregno;
+ unsigned long addr_vio;
+
+ addr_vio = mpx_insn_decode(&insn, regs);
+
+ bndregno = X86_MODRM_REG(insn.modrm.value);
+ if (bndregno > 3)
+ return;
+
+ info->si_lower =
+ (void __user *)(xsave_buf->bndregs.bndregs[2*bndregno]);
+ info->si_upper =
+ (void __user *)(~xsave_buf->bndregs.bndregs[2*bndregno+1]);
+ info->si_addr_lsb = 0;
+ info->si_signo = SIGSEGV;
+ info->si_errno = 0;
+ info->si_code = SEGV_BNDERR;
+ info->si_addr = (void __user *)addr_vio;
+ pr_debug("bound violation addr 0x%lx, lower 0x%lx, upper 0x%lx\n",
+ addr_vio, info->si_lower, info->si_upper);
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
index 78e9c16..8bcb63b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps.c
@@ -273,6 +273,7 @@ dotraplinkage void do_bounds(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
unsigned long status;
struct xsave_struct *xsave_buf;
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+ siginfo_t info;

prev_state = exception_enter();
if (notify_die(DIE_TRAP, "bounds", regs, error_code,
@@ -308,6 +309,11 @@ dotraplinkage void do_bounds(struct pt_regs *regs, long error_code)
break;

case 1: /* Bound violation. */
+ do_mpx_bounds(regs, &info, xsave_buf);
+ do_trap(X86_TRAP_BR, SIGSEGV, "bounds", regs,
+ error_code, &info);
+ break;
+
case 0: /* No MPX exception. */
do_trap(X86_TRAP_BR, SIGSEGV, "bounds", regs, error_code, NULL);
break;
diff --git a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
index ba5be7f..1e35520 100644
--- a/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
+++ b/include/uapi/asm-generic/siginfo.h
@@ -91,6 +91,10 @@ typedef struct siginfo {
int _trapno; /* TRAP # which caused the signal */
#endif
short _addr_lsb; /* LSB of the reported address */
+ struct {
+ void __user *_lower;
+ void __user *_upper;
+ } _addr_bnd;
} _sigfault;

/* SIGPOLL */
@@ -131,6 +135,8 @@ typedef struct siginfo {
#define si_trapno _sifields._sigfault._trapno
#endif
#define si_addr_lsb _sifields._sigfault._addr_lsb
+#define si_lower _sifields._sigfault._addr_bnd._lower
+#define si_upper _sifields._sigfault._addr_bnd._upper
#define si_band _sifields._sigpoll._band
#define si_fd _sifields._sigpoll._fd
#ifdef __ARCH_SIGSYS
@@ -199,7 +205,8 @@ typedef struct siginfo {
*/
#define SEGV_MAPERR (__SI_FAULT|1) /* address not mapped to object */
#define SEGV_ACCERR (__SI_FAULT|2) /* invalid permissions for mapped object */
-#define NSIGSEGV 2
+#define SEGV_BNDERR (__SI_FAULT|3) /* failed address bound checks */
+#define NSIGSEGV 3

/*
* SIGBUS si_codes
diff --git a/kernel/signal.c b/kernel/signal.c
index ded28b9..3cd6eaf 100644
--- a/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/kernel/signal.c
@@ -2771,6 +2771,10 @@ int copy_siginfo_to_user(siginfo_t __user *to, siginfo_t *from)
if (from->si_code == BUS_MCEERR_AR || from->si_code == BUS_MCEERR_AO)
err |= __put_user(from->si_addr_lsb, &to->si_addr_lsb);
#endif
+#ifdef SEGV_BNDERR
+ err |= __put_user(from->si_lower, &to->si_lower);
+ err |= __put_user(from->si_upper, &to->si_upper);
+#endif
break;
case __SI_CHLD:
err |= __put_user(from->si_pid, &to->si_pid);
--
1.7.1


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