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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/5] spi: Check that Quad/Dual is half duplex
On Tue, Jan 21, 2014 at 7:21 PM, Mark Brown <> wrote:
> On Tue, Jan 21, 2014 at 04:10:08PM +0100, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
>> From: Geert Uytterhoeven <>
>> Quad and Dual SPI Transfers use all available data lines (incl. MOSI/MISO),
>> hence they must be half duplex. Add a check that verify that.
> This is surprising to me - I had expected that there would be extra
> signals that would be used for these modes, not that the opposite
> direction data line would be one of the ones being reused. On the other
> hand if this is what all the flash chips do then it would seem
> reasonable that controllers do the same. Can you clarify please?

Dual SPI works by aggregating the MOSI and MISO lines for 2-bit
unidirectional transfers.
Quad SPI aggregates MOSI, MISO, and 2 additional lines for 4-bit
unidirectional transfers.

Hence Dual SPI uses the traditional 4-wire wiring, while Quad SPI uses

SPI FLASH chips handle it this way, and the Renesas QSPI controller
in the r8a7790/7791 SoCs, too.

Typically the first transfer in a message is a Single Transfer (e.g. read data
command), while subsequent transfers can be Dual or Quad Transfers (e.g.
the actual data read from the FLASH).



Geert Uytterhoeven -- There's lots of Linux beyond ia32 --

In personal conversations with technical people, I call myself a hacker. But
when I'm talking to journalists I just say "programmer" or something like that.
-- Linus Torvalds

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