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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] mm/zswap: Check all pool pages instead of one pool pages
From
2014/1/21 Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>:
> Please check your MUA and don't break thread.
>
> On Tue, Jan 21, 2014 at 11:07:42AM +0800, Cai Liu wrote:
>> Thanks for your review.
>>
>> 2014/1/21 Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>:
>> > Hello Cai,
>> >
>> > On Mon, Jan 20, 2014 at 03:50:18PM +0800, Cai Liu wrote:
>> >> zswap can support multiple swapfiles. So we need to check
>> >> all zbud pool pages in zswap.
>> >>
>> >> Version 2:
>> >> * add *total_zbud_pages* in zbud to record all the pages in pools
>> >> * move the updating of pool pages statistics to
>> >> alloc_zbud_page/free_zbud_page to hide the details
>> >>
>> >> Signed-off-by: Cai Liu <cai.liu@samsung.com>
>> >> ---
>> >> include/linux/zbud.h | 2 +-
>> >> mm/zbud.c | 44 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++------------
>> >> mm/zswap.c | 4 ++--
>> >> 3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 15 deletions(-)
>> >>
>> >> diff --git a/include/linux/zbud.h b/include/linux/zbud.h
>> >> index 2571a5c..1dbc13e 100644
>> >> --- a/include/linux/zbud.h
>> >> +++ b/include/linux/zbud.h
>> >> @@ -17,6 +17,6 @@ void zbud_free(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned long handle);
>> >> int zbud_reclaim_page(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned int retries);
>> >> void *zbud_map(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned long handle);
>> >> void zbud_unmap(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned long handle);
>> >> -u64 zbud_get_pool_size(struct zbud_pool *pool);
>> >> +u64 zbud_get_pool_size(void);
>> >>
>> >> #endif /* _ZBUD_H_ */
>> >> diff --git a/mm/zbud.c b/mm/zbud.c
>> >> index 9451361..711aaf4 100644
>> >> --- a/mm/zbud.c
>> >> +++ b/mm/zbud.c
>> >> @@ -52,6 +52,13 @@
>> >> #include <linux/spinlock.h>
>> >> #include <linux/zbud.h>
>> >>
>> >> +/*********************************
>> >> +* statistics
>> >> +**********************************/
>> >> +
>> >> +/* zbud pages in all pools */
>> >> +static u64 total_zbud_pages;
>> >> +
>> >> /*****************
>> >> * Structures
>> >> *****************/
>> >> @@ -142,10 +149,28 @@ static struct zbud_header *init_zbud_page(struct page *page)
>> >> return zhdr;
>> >> }
>> >>
>> >> +static struct page *alloc_zbud_page(struct zbud_pool *pool, gfp_t gfp)
>> >> +{
>> >> + struct page *page;
>> >> +
>> >> + page = alloc_page(gfp);
>> >> +
>> >> + if (page) {
>> >> + pool->pages_nr++;
>> >> + total_zbud_pages++;
>> >
>> > Who protect race?
>>
>> Yes, here the pool->pages_nr and also the total_zbud_pages are not protected.
>> I will re-do it.
>>
>> I will change *total_zbud_pages* to atomic type.
>
> Wait, it doesn't make sense. Now, you assume zbud allocator would be used
> for only zswap. It's true until now but we couldn't make sure it in future.
> If other user start to use zbud allocator, total_zbud_pages would be pointless.

Yes, you are right. ZBUD is a common module. So in this patch calculate the
zswap pool size in zbud is not suitable.

>
> Another concern is that what's your scenario for above two swap?
> How often we need to call zbud_get_pool_size?
> In previous your patch, you reduced the number of call so IIRC,
> we only called it in zswap_is_full and for debugfs.

zbud_get_pool_size() is called frequently when adding/freeing zswap
entry happen in zswap . This is why in this patch I added a counter in zbud,
and then in zswap the iteration of zswap_list to calculate the pool size will
not be needed.

> Of course, it would need some lock or refcount to prevent destroy
> of zswap_tree in parallel with zswap_frontswap_invalidate_area but
> zswap_is_full doesn't need to be exact so RCU would be good fit.
>
> Most important point is that now zswap doesn't consider multiple swap.
> For example, Let's assume you uses two swap A and B with different priority
> and A already has charged 19% long time ago and let's assume that A swap is
> full now so VM start to use B so that B has charged 1% recently.
> It menas zswap charged (19% + 1%)i is full by default.
>
> Then, if VM want to swap out more pages into B, zbud_reclaim_page
> would be evict one of pages in B's pool and it would be repeated
> continuously. It's totally LRU reverse problem and swap thrashing in B
> would happen.
>

The scenario is below:
There are 2 swap A, B in system. If pool size of A reach 19% of ram
size and swap A
is also full. Then swap B will be used. Pool size of B will be
increased until it hit
the 20% of the ram size. By now zswap pool size is about 39% of ram size.
If there are more than 2 swap file/device, zswap pool will expand out
of control
and there may be no swapout happened.

I think the original intention of zswap designer is to keep the total
zswap pools size below
20% of RAM size.

Thanks.

> Please say your usecase scenario and if it's really problem,
> we need more surgery.
>
> Thanks.
>
>> For *pool->pages_nr*, one way is to use pool->lock to protect. But I
>> think it is too heavy.
>> So does it ok to change pages_nr to atomic type too?
>>
>>
>> >
>> >> + }
>> >> +
>> >> + return page;
>> >> +}
>> >> +
>> >> +
>> >> /* Resets the struct page fields and frees the page */
>> >> -static void free_zbud_page(struct zbud_header *zhdr)
>> >> +static void free_zbud_page(struct zbud_pool *pool, struct zbud_header *zhdr)
>> >> {
>> >> __free_page(virt_to_page(zhdr));
>> >> +
>> >> + pool->pages_nr--;
>> >> + total_zbud_pages--;
>> >> }
>> >>
>> >> /*
>> >> @@ -279,11 +304,10 @@ int zbud_alloc(struct zbud_pool *pool, int size, gfp_t gfp,
>> >>
>> >> /* Couldn't find unbuddied zbud page, create new one */
>> >> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>> >> - page = alloc_page(gfp);
>> >> + page = alloc_zbud_page(pool, gfp);
>> >> if (!page)
>> >> return -ENOMEM;
>> >> spin_lock(&pool->lock);
>> >> - pool->pages_nr++;
>> >> zhdr = init_zbud_page(page);
>> >> bud = FIRST;
>> >>
>> >> @@ -349,8 +373,7 @@ void zbud_free(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
>> >> if (zhdr->first_chunks == 0 && zhdr->last_chunks == 0) {
>> >> /* zbud page is empty, free */
>> >> list_del(&zhdr->lru);
>> >> - free_zbud_page(zhdr);
>> >> - pool->pages_nr--;
>> >> + free_zbud_page(pool, zhdr);
>> >> } else {
>> >> /* Add to unbuddied list */
>> >> freechunks = num_free_chunks(zhdr);
>> >> @@ -447,8 +470,7 @@ next:
>> >> * Both buddies are now free, free the zbud page and
>> >> * return success.
>> >> */
>> >> - free_zbud_page(zhdr);
>> >> - pool->pages_nr--;
>> >> + free_zbud_page(pool, zhdr);
>> >> spin_unlock(&pool->lock);
>> >> return 0;
>> >> } else if (zhdr->first_chunks == 0 ||
>> >> @@ -496,14 +518,12 @@ void zbud_unmap(struct zbud_pool *pool, unsigned long handle)
>> >>
>> >> /**
>> >> * zbud_get_pool_size() - gets the zbud pool size in pages
>> >> - * @pool: pool whose size is being queried
>> >> *
>> >> - * Returns: size in pages of the given pool. The pool lock need not be
>> >> - * taken to access pages_nr.
>> >> + * Returns: size in pages of all the zbud pools.
>> >> */
>> >> -u64 zbud_get_pool_size(struct zbud_pool *pool)
>> >> +u64 zbud_get_pool_size(void)
>> >> {
>> >> - return pool->pages_nr;
>> >> + return total_zbud_pages;
>> >> }
>> >>
>> >> static int __init init_zbud(void)
>> >> diff --git a/mm/zswap.c b/mm/zswap.c
>> >> index 5a63f78..ef44d9d 100644
>> >> --- a/mm/zswap.c
>> >> +++ b/mm/zswap.c
>> >> @@ -291,7 +291,7 @@ static void zswap_free_entry(struct zswap_tree *tree,
>> >> zbud_free(tree->pool, entry->handle);
>> >> zswap_entry_cache_free(entry);
>> >> atomic_dec(&zswap_stored_pages);
>> >> - zswap_pool_pages = zbud_get_pool_size(tree->pool);
>> >> + zswap_pool_pages = zbud_get_pool_size();
>> >> }
>> >>
>> >> /* caller must hold the tree lock */
>> >> @@ -716,7 +716,7 @@ static int zswap_frontswap_store(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset,
>> >>
>> >> /* update stats */
>> >> atomic_inc(&zswap_stored_pages);
>> >> - zswap_pool_pages = zbud_get_pool_size(tree->pool);
>> >> + zswap_pool_pages = zbud_get_pool_size();
>> >>
>> >> return 0;
>> >>
>> >> --
>> >> 1.7.10.4
>> >>
>> >> --
>> >> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
>> >> the body to majordomo@kvack.org. For more info on Linux MM,
>> >> see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
>> >> Don't email: <a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org"> email@kvack.org </a>
>> >
>> > --
>> > Kind regards,
>> > Minchan Kim
>>
>> --
>> To unsubscribe, send a message with 'unsubscribe linux-mm' in
>> the body to majordomo@kvack.org. For more info on Linux MM,
>> see: http://www.linux-mm.org/ .
>> Don't email: <a href=mailto:"dont@kvack.org"> email@kvack.org </a>
>
> --
> Kind regards,
> Minchan Kim


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