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    SubjectRe: [PATCH 01/13] sched: Add 3 new scheduler syscalls to support an extended scheduling parameters ABI
    On Tue, Jan 21, 2014 at 03:36:37PM +0100, Michael Kerrisk wrote:
    > Peter, Dario,

    > Is someone (e.g., one of you) planning to write man pages for the new
    > sched_setattr() and sched_getattr() system calls? (Also, for the
    > future, please CC linux-api@vger.kernel.org on patches that change the
    > API, then those of us who don't follow LKML get a heads up about
    > upcoming API changes.)

    first draft, shamelessly stolen from SCHED_SETSCHEDULER(2).

    One note on both the original as well as the below: process is
    ambiguous, the syscalls actually apply to a single thread of a process,
    not the entire process.

    ---


    NAME
    sched_setattr, sched_getattr - set and get scheduling policy/attributes

    SYNOPSIS
    #include <sched.h>

    struct sched_attr {
    u32 size;

    u32 sched_policy;
    u64 sched_flags;

    /* SCHED_NORMAL, SCHED_BATCH */
    s32 sched_nice;

    /* SCHED_FIFO, SCHED_RR */
    u32 sched_priority;

    /* SCHED_DEADLINE */
    u64 sched_runtime;
    u64 sched_deadline;
    u64 sched_period;
    };

    int sched_setattr(pid_t pid, const struct sched_attr *attr);

    int sched_getattr(pid_t pid, const struct sched_attr *attr, unsigned int size);

    DESCRIPTION
    sched_setattr() sets both the scheduling policy and the
    associated attributes for the process whose ID is specified in
    pid. If pid equals zero, the scheduling policy and attributes
    of the calling process will be set. The interpretation of the
    argument attr depends on the selected policy. Currently, Linux
    supports the following "normal" (i.e., non-real-time) scheduling
    policies:

    SCHED_OTHER the standard "fair" time-sharing policy;

    SCHED_BATCH for "batch" style execution of processes; and

    SCHED_IDLE for running very low priority background jobs.

    The following "real-time" policies are also supported, for
    special time-critical applications that need precise control
    over the way in which runnable processes are selected for
    execution:

    SCHED_FIFO a first-in, first-out policy;

    SCHED_RR a round-robin policy; and

    SCHED_DEADLINE a deadline policy.

    The semantics of each of these policies are detailed below.

    sched_attr::size must be set to the size of the structure, as in
    sizeof(struct sched_attr), if the provided structure is smaller
    than the kernel structure, any additional fields are assumed
    '0'. If the provided structure is larger than the kernel
    structure, the kernel verifies all additional fields are '0' if
    not the syscall will fail with -E2BIG.

    sched_attr::sched_policy the desired scheduling policy.

    sched_attr::sched_flags additional flags that can influence
    scheduling behaviour. Currently as per Linux kernel 3.14:

    SCHED_FLAG_RESET_ON_FORK - resets the scheduling policy
    to: (struct sched_attr){ .sched_policy = SCHED_OTHER, }
    on fork().

    is the only supported flag.

    sched_attr::sched_nice should only be set for SCHED_OTHER,
    SCHED_BATCH, the desired nice value [-20,19], see NICE(2).

    sched_attr::sched_priority should only be set for SCHED_FIFO,
    SCHED_RR, the desired static priority [1,99].

    sched_attr::sched_runtime
    sched_attr::sched_deadline
    sched_attr::sched_period should only be set for SCHED_DEADLINE
    and are the traditional sporadic task model parameters.

    sched_getattr() queries the scheduling policy currently applied
    to the process identified by pid. If pid equals zero, the
    policy of the calling process will be retrieved.

    The size argument should reflect the size of struct sched_attr
    as known to userspace. The kernel fills out sched_attr::size to
    the size of its sched_attr structure. If the user provided
    structure is larger, additional fields are not touched. If the
    user provided structure is smaller, but the kernel needs to
    return values outside the provided space, the syscall will fail
    with -E2BIG.

    The other sched_attr fields are filled out as described in
    sched_setattr().


    ${insert SCHED_* descriptions}

    SCHED_DEADLINE: Sporadic task model deadline scheduling
    SCHED_DEADLINE is an implementation of GEDF (Global Earliest
    Deadline First) with additional CBS (Constant Bandwidth Server).
    The CBS guarantees that tasks that over-run their specified
    budget are throttled and do not affect the correct performance
    of other SCHED_DEADLINE tasks.

    SCHED_DEADLINE tasks will fail FORK(2) with -EAGAIN

    Setting SCHED_DEADLINE can fail with -EINVAL when admission
    control tests fail.

    ${NOTE: should we change that to -EBUSY ? }


    Other than that its pretty much the same as the existing
    SCHED_SETSCHEDULER(2) page.


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