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SubjectRe: [PATCH 9/9] prepare to remove /proc/sys/vm/hugepages_treat_as_movable
Hi Aneesh,

On Sun, Aug 11, 2013 at 11:13:58PM +0530, Aneesh Kumar K.V wrote:
> Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com> writes:
>
> > Now we have extended hugepage migration and it's opened to many users
> > of page migration, which is a good reason to consider hugepage as movable.
> > So we can go to the direction to remove this parameter. In order to
> > allow userspace to prepare for the removal, let's leave this sysctl handler
> > as noop for a while.
> >
> > Note that hugepage migration is available only for the architectures
> > which implement hugepage on a pmd basis. On the other architectures,
> > allocating hugepages from MOVABLE is not a good idea because it can
> > break memory hotremove (which expects that all pages of ZONE_MOVABLE are
> > movable.) So we choose GFP flags in accordance with mobility of hugepage.
> >
> > ChangeLog v5:
> > - choose GFP flags in accordance with mobility of hugepage
> >
> > ChangeLog v3:
> > - use WARN_ON_ONCE
> >
> > ChangeLog v2:
> > - shift to noop function instead of completely removing the parameter
> > - rename patch title
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
> > Acked-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
> > Reviewed-by: Wanpeng Li <liwanp@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>
> Ok that mostly address the issue I raised last time, but how do archs
> that don't support hugepage migration force the hugepage allocation from
> movable zone. They were able to do that before with the sysctl you are
> removing in this patch isn't it ? May be keep that interface and print a
> warn_on of archs that support hugepage migration ?

OK, I might have persisted on the idea of removing the parameter, sorry.
If we keep it, I don't think we need this WARN_ON any more.
As the result the sysctl handler is a noop, and can be replaced with
a common function.

Attached the revised one, does it work for you?

Thanks,
Naoya Horiguchi
---
From: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Date: Mon, 12 Aug 2013 11:49:37 -0400
Subject: [PATCH] hugetlb: make htlb_alloc_mask dependent on migration support

Now hugepage migration is enabled, although restricted on pmd-based hugepages
for now (due to lack of testing.) So we should allocate migratable hugepages
from ZONE_MOVABLE if possible.

This patch makes GFP flags in hugepage allocation dependent on migration
support, not only the value of hugepages_treat_as_movable.
It provides no change on the behavior for architectures which do not support
hugepage migration,

ChangeLog v5:
- choose GFP flags in accordance with mobility of hugepage
- keep hugepages_treat_as_movable

ChangeLog v3:
- use WARN_ON_ONCE

ChangeLog v2:
- shift to noop function instead of completely removing the parameter
- rename patch title

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
---
Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt | 30 +++++++++++++++++++-----------
kernel/sysctl.c | 2 +-
mm/hugetlb.c | 32 ++++++++++++++------------------
3 files changed, 34 insertions(+), 30 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
index 36ecc26..79a797e 100644
--- a/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
+++ b/Documentation/sysctl/vm.txt
@@ -200,17 +200,25 @@ fragmentation index is <= extfrag_threshold. The default value is 500.

hugepages_treat_as_movable

-This parameter is only useful when kernelcore= is specified at boot time to
-create ZONE_MOVABLE for pages that may be reclaimed or migrated. Huge pages
-are not movable so are not normally allocated from ZONE_MOVABLE. A non-zero
-value written to hugepages_treat_as_movable allows huge pages to be allocated
-from ZONE_MOVABLE.
-
-Once enabled, the ZONE_MOVABLE is treated as an area of memory the huge
-pages pool can easily grow or shrink within. Assuming that applications are
-not running that mlock() a lot of memory, it is likely the huge pages pool
-can grow to the size of ZONE_MOVABLE by repeatedly entering the desired value
-into nr_hugepages and triggering page reclaim.
+This parameter controls whether we can allocate hugepages from ZONE_MOVABLE
+or not. If set to non-zero, hugepages can be allocated from ZONE_MOVABLE.
+ZONE_MOVABLE is created when kernel boot parameter kernelcore= is specified,
+so this parameter has no effect if used without kernelcore=.
+
+Hugepage migration is now available in some situations which depend on the
+architecture and/or the hugepage size. If a hugepage supports migration,
+allocation from ZONE_MOVABLE is always enabled for the hugepage regardless
+of the value of this parameter.
+IOW, this parameter affects only non-migratable hugepages.
+
+Assuming that hugepages are not migratable in your system, one usecase of
+this parameter is that users can make hugepage pool more extensible by
+enabling the allocation from ZONE_MOVABLE. This is because on ZONE_MOVABLE
+page reclaim/migration/compaction work more and you can get contiguous
+memory more likely. Note that using ZONE_MOVABLE for non-migratable
+hugepages can do harm to other features like memory hotremove (because
+memory hotremove expects that memory blocks on ZONE_MOVABLE are always
+removable,) so it's a trade-off responsible for the users.

==============================================================

diff --git a/kernel/sysctl.c b/kernel/sysctl.c
index ac09d98..b4b32f5 100644
--- a/kernel/sysctl.c
+++ b/kernel/sysctl.c
@@ -1225,7 +1225,7 @@ static struct ctl_table vm_table[] = {
.data = &hugepages_treat_as_movable,
.maxlen = sizeof(int),
.mode = 0644,
- .proc_handler = hugetlb_treat_movable_handler,
+ .proc_handler = proc_dointvec,
},
{
.procname = "nr_overcommit_hugepages",
diff --git a/mm/hugetlb.c b/mm/hugetlb.c
index 3121915..364f745 100644
--- a/mm/hugetlb.c
+++ b/mm/hugetlb.c
@@ -34,7 +34,6 @@
#include "internal.h"

const unsigned long hugetlb_zero = 0, hugetlb_infinity = ~0UL;
-static gfp_t htlb_alloc_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER;
unsigned long hugepages_treat_as_movable;

int hugetlb_max_hstate __read_mostly;
@@ -535,6 +534,15 @@ static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_node(struct hstate *h, int nid)
return page;
}

+/* Movability of hugepages depends on migration support. */
+static inline int htlb_alloc_mask(struct hstate *h)
+{
+ if (hugepages_treat_as_movable || hugepage_migration_support(h))
+ return GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE;
+ else
+ return GFP_HIGHUSER;
+}
+
static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_vma(struct hstate *h,
struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long address, int avoid_reserve)
@@ -550,7 +558,7 @@ static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_vma(struct hstate *h,
retry_cpuset:
cpuset_mems_cookie = get_mems_allowed();
zonelist = huge_zonelist(vma, address,
- htlb_alloc_mask, &mpol, &nodemask);
+ htlb_alloc_mask(h), &mpol, &nodemask);
/*
* A child process with MAP_PRIVATE mappings created by their parent
* have no page reserves. This check ensures that reservations are
@@ -566,7 +574,7 @@ static struct page *dequeue_huge_page_vma(struct hstate *h,

for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zonelist,
MAX_NR_ZONES - 1, nodemask) {
- if (cpuset_zone_allowed_softwall(zone, htlb_alloc_mask)) {
+ if (cpuset_zone_allowed_softwall(zone, htlb_alloc_mask(h))) {
page = dequeue_huge_page_node(h, zone_to_nid(zone));
if (page) {
if (!avoid_reserve)
@@ -723,7 +731,7 @@ static struct page *alloc_fresh_huge_page_node(struct hstate *h, int nid)
return NULL;

page = alloc_pages_exact_node(nid,
- htlb_alloc_mask|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_THISNODE|
+ htlb_alloc_mask(h)|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_THISNODE|
__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_NOWARN,
huge_page_order(h));
if (page) {
@@ -948,12 +956,12 @@ static struct page *alloc_buddy_huge_page(struct hstate *h, int nid)
spin_unlock(&hugetlb_lock);

if (nid == NUMA_NO_NODE)
- page = alloc_pages(htlb_alloc_mask|__GFP_COMP|
+ page = alloc_pages(htlb_alloc_mask(h)|__GFP_COMP|
__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_NOWARN,
huge_page_order(h));
else
page = alloc_pages_exact_node(nid,
- htlb_alloc_mask|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_THISNODE|
+ htlb_alloc_mask(h)|__GFP_COMP|__GFP_THISNODE|
__GFP_REPEAT|__GFP_NOWARN, huge_page_order(h));

if (page && arch_prepare_hugepage(page)) {
@@ -2128,18 +2136,6 @@ int hugetlb_mempolicy_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
}
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */

-int hugetlb_treat_movable_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
- void __user *buffer,
- size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
-{
- proc_dointvec(table, write, buffer, length, ppos);
- if (hugepages_treat_as_movable)
- htlb_alloc_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE;
- else
- htlb_alloc_mask = GFP_HIGHUSER;
- return 0;
-}
-
int hugetlb_overcommit_handler(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer,
size_t *length, loff_t *ppos)
--
1.8.3.1

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