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Subject[PATCH 105/106] staging: comedi: fix a race between do_cmd_ioctl() and read/write
Date
3.5.7.18 -stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>

commit 4b18f08be01a7b3c7b6df497137b6e3cb28adaa3 upstream.

`do_cmd_ioctl()` is called with the comedi device's mutex locked to
process the `COMEDI_CMD` ioctl to set up comedi's asynchronous command
handling on a comedi subdevice. `comedi_read()` and `comedi_write()`
are the `read` and `write` handlers for the comedi device, but do not
lock the mutex (for performance reasons, as some things can hold the
mutex for quite a long time).

There is a race condition if `comedi_read()` or `comedi_write()` is
running at the same time and for the same file object and comedi
subdevice as `do_cmd_ioctl()`. `do_cmd_ioctl()` sets the subdevice's
`busy` pointer to the file object way before it sets the `SRF_RUNNING` flag
in the subdevice's `runflags` member. `comedi_read() and
`comedi_write()` check the subdevice's `busy` pointer is pointing to the
current file object, then if the `SRF_RUNNING` flag is not set, will call
`do_become_nonbusy()` to shut down the asyncronous command. Bad things
can happen if the asynchronous command is being shutdown and set up at
the same time.

To prevent the race, don't set the `busy` pointer until
after the `SRF_RUNNING` flag has been set. Also, make sure the mutex is
held in `comedi_read()` and `comedi_write()` while calling
`do_become_nonbusy()` in order to avoid moving the race condition to a
point within that function.

Change some error handling `goto cleanup` statements in `do_cmd_ioctl()`
to simple `return -ERRFOO` statements as a result of changing when the
`busy` pointer is set.

Signed-off-by: Ian Abbott <abbotti@mev.co.uk>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
[ luis: backported to 3.5: adjusted context ]
Signed-off-by: Luis Henriques <luis.henriques@canonical.com>
---
drivers/staging/comedi/comedi_fops.c | 25 +++++++++++++++----------
1 file changed, 15 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/staging/comedi/comedi_fops.c b/drivers/staging/comedi/comedi_fops.c
index d028e8c..8c38317 100644
--- a/drivers/staging/comedi/comedi_fops.c
+++ b/drivers/staging/comedi/comedi_fops.c
@@ -1367,22 +1367,19 @@ static int do_cmd_ioctl(struct comedi_device *dev,
DPRINTK("subdevice busy\n");
return -EBUSY;
}
- s->busy = file;

/* make sure channel/gain list isn't too long */
if (user_cmd.chanlist_len > s->len_chanlist) {
DPRINTK("channel/gain list too long %u > %d\n",
user_cmd.chanlist_len, s->len_chanlist);
- ret = -EINVAL;
- goto cleanup;
+ return -EINVAL;
}

/* make sure channel/gain list isn't too short */
if (user_cmd.chanlist_len < 1) {
DPRINTK("channel/gain list too short %u < 1\n",
user_cmd.chanlist_len);
- ret = -EINVAL;
- goto cleanup;
+ return -EINVAL;
}

async->cmd = user_cmd;
@@ -1392,8 +1389,7 @@ static int do_cmd_ioctl(struct comedi_device *dev,
kmalloc(async->cmd.chanlist_len * sizeof(int), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!async->cmd.chanlist) {
DPRINTK("allocation failed\n");
- ret = -ENOMEM;
- goto cleanup;
+ return -ENOMEM;
}

if (copy_from_user(async->cmd.chanlist, user_cmd.chanlist,
@@ -1445,6 +1441,9 @@ static int do_cmd_ioctl(struct comedi_device *dev,

comedi_set_subdevice_runflags(s, ~0, SRF_USER | SRF_RUNNING);

+ /* set s->busy _after_ setting SRF_RUNNING flag to avoid race with
+ * comedi_read() or comedi_write() */
+ s->busy = file;
ret = s->do_cmd(dev, s);
if (ret == 0)
return 0;
@@ -1947,6 +1946,7 @@ static ssize_t comedi_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,

if (!(comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) & SRF_RUNNING)) {
if (count == 0) {
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
if (comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) &
SRF_ERROR) {
retval = -EPIPE;
@@ -1954,6 +1954,7 @@ static ssize_t comedi_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
retval = 0;
}
do_become_nonbusy(dev, s);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
}
break;
}
@@ -2068,6 +2069,7 @@ static ssize_t comedi_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes,

if (n == 0) {
if (!(comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) & SRF_RUNNING)) {
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
do_become_nonbusy(dev, s);
if (comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) &
SRF_ERROR) {
@@ -2075,6 +2077,7 @@ static ssize_t comedi_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes,
} else {
retval = 0;
}
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
break;
}
if (file->f_flags & O_NONBLOCK) {
@@ -2112,9 +2115,11 @@ static ssize_t comedi_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t nbytes,
buf += n;
break; /* makes device work like a pipe */
}
- if (!(comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) & (SRF_ERROR | SRF_RUNNING)) &&
- async->buf_read_count - async->buf_write_count == 0) {
- do_become_nonbusy(dev, s);
+ if (!(comedi_get_subdevice_runflags(s) & (SRF_ERROR | SRF_RUNNING))) {
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mutex);
+ if (async->buf_read_count - async->buf_write_count == 0)
+ do_become_nonbusy(dev, s);
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mutex);
}
set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
remove_wait_queue(&async->wait_head, &wait);
--
1.8.3.2


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