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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ARM: Fix r7/r11 confusion when CONFIG_THUMB2_KERNEL=y
On Mon, Jul 29, 2013 at 02:21:40PM -0700, Jed Davis wrote:
> On Mon, Jul 22, 2013 at 07:52:39PM +0100, Dave Martin wrote:
> > On Sun, Jul 21, 2013 at 10:37:53PM +0100, Will Deacon wrote:
> > > Ok, I think I'm with you now. I also think that a better solution would be
> > > to try and limit the r7/fp confusion to one place, perhaps behind something
> > > like:
> > >
> > > void arm_get_current_stackframe(struct pt_regs *regs, struct stackframe *frame);
> > >
> > > then that function can act as the bridge between pt_regs (where we leave
> > > everything as it is) and stackframe (where we assign either r7 or fp into
> > > the fp member). Then we just fix up the call sites to pass the regs they're
> > > interested in to our new function.
> > >
> > > What do you think?
> I can see that being useful if we wanted to opacify struct stackframe,
> but... all uses of stackframe that I see involve passing it to
> unwind_frame, which expands it back out into an array of registers.
> (Except with CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER, but "APCS variants that require a
> frame pointer register are obsolete.")
> So... why not make pt_regs and stackframe the same, and avoid the
> translations entirely?
> > Do the ARM unwind tables guarantee not to need knowledge of any
> > virtual registers for the purpose of processing the opcodes of a single
> > function's unwind table entry, except those virtual regs that we happen
> > to initialise? Or do we just rely on luck?
> Yes, for some value of "luck". The spec documents 0x90|N, for N a core
> register number other than 13 or 15, as setting the vSP to the value of
> virtual register N. We can get away with some omissions for kernel code
> (e.g., unwind.c doesn't handle saved floating point registers, nor adding
> constants larger than 1024 to vSP), but is this one of them?

I think in practice yes. After all, even requiring r7 is sufficiently
rare that it wasn't flagged up until now. GCC seems to be quite rigid
in the way it generates stackframe management code. There's no
guarantee that won't change in the future, of course.

> [...]
> > The purist answer seems to be: we might need all the regs in struct
> > stackframe.
> >
> > The pragmatic answer might be that we definitely need r7 for Thumb code,
> > but given the nimbleness of GCC to evolve we might get away with not
> > including extra registers for a long time yet.
> The other question to ask here might be: what does the "pragmatic
> answer" gain us over the "purist answer"?

The pragmatic route is less contraversial and lower overhead: even though
it's not correct as per the ABI, GCC is the only supported compiler for
building the kernel anyway.

Tracking the whole register set might actually be useful as a debugging
aid though, even if it's not needed for reliable backtraces. It might
be worth considering that as a separate enhancement.

> > A review of existing custom unwind annotations might be a good idea
> > anyway, to check whether any of them requires another register right now.
> `egrep -r '\.(setf|movs)p' arch/arm` finds nothing, for what it's worth.

Good idea. I suspected as much, since the number of custom annotations is
fairly small. Thanks for checking.


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